Literature

Below is a comprehensive list of all available literature on apes. You can select literature alphabetically using the letters below. Titles in blue are directly available online and you can access them by clicking on the links. Titles in grey are not directly available and you will have to locate them yourself. If you notice any literature is missing or have files you can share please contact us and we will include them.

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Format Key words Description
Papers NA Hicks TC, Tranquilli S, Kuehl H, Campbell G, Swinkels J, Darby L, Boesch C, Hart J, Menken SBJ. 2014. Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence: discovery of a large, continuous population of Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii in the Central Uele region of northern DRC. Biol Conserv 171:107–113.
Reports Democratic Republic of Congo, Kahuzi Biega, Gorilla "Merz, G. (1989) Etat actuel des elephants et des gorilles dans le parc national de Kahuzi-Biega, Zaire. Raport dans le cadre du project ""IZCN-Conservation de la Nature integree au Zaire-est"" PN 82.2130.1-01.200."
Papers Betung Kerihun, Borneo, Indonesia, Kalimantan orangutans, Protected areas' effectiveness, Survey methods ANCRENAZ, M. (2007) Consultancy on Survey Design and Data Analysis at Betung Kerihun National Park, Indonesia. WWF Germany,Berlin, Germany.
Reports Minkebe National Park, Great apes, Pan troglodytes troglodytes,Gorilla gorilla gorilla ANPN (2013) Wildlife and poaching assessment in Northeast Gabon: Results of the pilot study. Final Report. In collaboration with Wildlife Conservation Society and World Wide Fund for Nature
Thesis Photo-trap, big mammals inventory,Gabon Aba'a R., Starkey M. et Memiaghe H. (2012) Inventaire des grands mammifères par la technique des photo-pièges dans le massif forestier du Mayombe (Sud-ouest du Gabon)
Reports Mont Birigou National Park, baseline survey, great apes Aba'a, R. et Bezangoye A. (2007) Estimation de la densité, de l’abondance et de la distribution relative des grands mammifères et l’impact des humains au Parc National des Monts Birougou et ses environs: Etablissement d’une ligne de base pour le monitoring. WCS Gabon, 51p.
Reports Ghana, Pan troglodytes verus Abedi-Lartey, M. (1999) Survey of endangered endemic Primates in Western Ghana. Report submitted to Wildlife Conservation Society, New York, and the Wildlife Department, Accra, Ghana.
Reports Ghana, Krokosua Hills, Pan troglodytes verus Abedi-Lartey, M. and Amposah,J. (1999) Preliminary survey of anthropoid primates in Krokosua Hills Forest Reserve. Unpublished report to the Protected Areas Development Program and Wildlife Division of the Forestry Commission, Accra,Ghana.
Papers Abwe, E. E., & Morgan, (2008) The Ebo forest: Four years of preliminary resarch and conservation of the Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes vellerosus) Pan Africa News 15 (2).
Papers Achoka, I.(1998) Gorillas in Mgahinga Park, August 1997 to July 1998. Gorilla Journal no 17.
Book Conservation, Primates, Bush-meat,Nigeria, Gashaka-Gumti,Pan troglodytes ellioti Adanu, J., Sommer, V., and Fowler, A. (2011) Hunters, fire, cattle: conservation challenges in Eastern Nigeria, with special reference to chimpanzees. In Sommer,V. and Ross C.(Eds.), Primates of Gashaka: socioecology and conservation in Nigeria's biodiversity hotspot (pp. 55-99). Berlin, Springer.
Reports Nigeria, Ifon, Pan troglodytes vellerosus Afolayan, T.A., Agbelusi, E.A., Balogun, B.A. & Fangbenro, O.A. (1990) Wildlife Inventory of the Proposed Ifon Game Reserve. Report to Ondo State Government.
Papers Agbelusi, E. & Afolayan, T.A. (1991) Mammalian species of Ifon Game Reserve, ondo State, Nigeria, and their management implications. Environment Conservation 19:74-76.
Papers Agbelusi, E. and Ongunjemite, B. (1999) A survey of the primates of Ondo and Ekiti states. Journal of Tropical Ethnoforestry, 2(1):100-106.
Papers Agbelusi, E.(1994) Wildlife conservation in Ondo State. Nigerian Field, 59:73-83.
Reports Congo, Garabinzam Mount Nabemba Agnagna, M., Fay, M.J. and Wilkinson, A. (1991) A survey of the proposed Garambinzam-Mt Nabemba conservation area, northern Congo. Report to Global Environment Facility, Republic of Congo, pp. 1-35.
Reports Cameroon, Doula-Edea, Pan troglodytes Ajonina, S.A. (2005) Reproductive and management aspects of endangered chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) population at Douala-Edea Wildlife Reserve Cameroon. Proposal to Brandenburgische Technische Universitat, Cottbus, Germany.
Book West Africa, Pan troglodytes verus Albrecht, H. & Dunnett, S.C. (1971) Chimpanzees in West Africa. Piper, Munich
Papers Orang-utan, forest logging, forest conversion, spatial distribution, aerial survey Alfred,R.,Hue,K.P., Khee,S.K. and Alfred, R. (2010) Summarizing Spatial Distribution Density, Movement Patterns and Food Resources to Study the Impacts of Logging and Forest Conversion on Orang-utan Population. OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences 10 (2): 73-83
Reports Uganda, Kigezi, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Allan, C. & McCaul, J. (1995) Biological survey of Kigezi Game Reserve. January 1995. Frontier Uganda Game Reserves Project. Technical report no 5. The Society for Environmental Exploration report & Ministry of Tourism, Wildlife and Antiquities, Kampala.
Reports Uganda, Kymbura, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Allan, C. (1994) Kymbura game reserve, Uganda. Preliminary results of Frontier Uganda Biological assessment. Report for Frontier, The Society for evnvironmental Exploration.
Papers Allan, C. (2000) A survey of chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii, in Toro Game Reserve, Uganda. Journal of East African Natural History, 89:113-115.
Reports Sierra Leone, Outamba Kilimi, Pan troglodytes verus Alp, R. (1994) Tenkere Demwi (chimpanzee) study, final report: study of the socio-ecology od wild chimpanzees in the Outamba Kilimi National Park, Sierra Leone. Report to The National Geographic Society. Washington D.C. and the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Sierra Leone.
Reports Democratic Republic Congo, Maiko, Gorilla gorilla graueri Amsini, F., Grossmann, F., Hart, J., Kibambe, C., Nyembo, B. and Vyahavwa, C. (2006) Parc National de la Maiko.Identifying conservation priorities for the recovery of the Maiko National Park. Part 2. Post-conflict surveys of wildlife populations and human impact in the south-sector (Oso Block) IMU technical report No 6.
Reports Democratic Republic Congo, Kahuzi Biega Amsini, F., Ilambu, O., Liengola, I., Kujirakwinja, D., Hart, J., Grossman, F. and Plumptre, A.J. (2008) The impact of civil war on the Kahuzi-Biega National Park: results of surveys between 2000-2008. Report WCS, ICCN.
Reports Kahuzi-Biega National Park, World Heritage site, Grauer’s gorillas, Chimpanzees Amsini,F., Ilambu,O., Liengola,I., Kujirakwinja, D.,Hart,J., Grossman,F. and Plumptre,A.J.(2008) The Impact of civil war on the Kahuzi-Biega National Park: Results of surveys between 2000-2008. WCS and ICCN.
Papers Apes, Bornean orangutans, Conservation science, Forests, Habitats,Orangutans,Population density Timber Ancrenaz, M., Gimenez, O., Ambu, L., Ancrenaz, K., Andau, P., et al. (2005) Aerial surveys give new estimates for Orangutans in Sabah, Malaysia. PLoS Biol 3(1): e3. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0030003
Papers Anderson, J., Williamson, E. and Carter, J. (1983) Chimpanzees of Sapo Forest, Liberia: density, nests, tools and meat-eating. Primates, 24(4):594-601.
Papers Anon (1984) Sapo National Park in West Africa: Liberias first National Park. American Journal of Primatology 6:74-75.
Proceedings Burundi, Reserves, Management Anon (1989) Developement Rural - Projet Bururi-Rumonge-Vyanda (Burundi). In Proceedings from the first International Workshop for the Conservation and Management of Afromontane Forests, Cyangugu, Rwanda.
Reports Nigeria, Omo, Pan troglodytes vellerosus Anon (1992) Omo Forest Reserve. Mammals Recorded: 17th January to 29th March 1992. Unpublished Report.
Reports Liberia, Pan troglodytes verus Anstey, S. G. (1991) Large mammal distribution in Liberia: the findings of a preliminary National survey. WWF/FDA wildlife survey report. WWF International, Gland, Switzerland.
Reports Cameroon, Logging concession Arnhem, E. (2003) Etude de le repartition spatiale des grands mammiferes dans un zone d´etude au centre de l´UFA 10 030. Report PALLISCO, S.A.R.L.
Thesis Cameroon, Logging Concession, Great apes Arnhem, E. (2008) Eco-Ethological response of great apes and other rainforest mammals to selective logging in Cameroon. PhD thesis. Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles.
Papers Arnhem, E., Dupain, J., Vercauteren Drubbel, R., Devos, C., Vercauteren, M. (2008) Selective logging, habitat quality and home range use by sympatric gorillas and chimpanzees: A case study from an active logging concession in Southeast Cameroon. Folia Primatologica, 79:1-14.
Reports Cameroon. Manyu Division, Gorilla gorilla Ashu, M. (2004) Investigation of gorilla presence at mile 27, Manyu Division, Southwest Province, Cameroon. Report WCS.
Reports Nigeria, Mbe mountains, 2007-2008 Attah, J. & Imong, I. (2008) Mbe mountains patrol report Christmas 2007-2008. Conservation association of the Mbe Mountains. Report WCS.
Reports Nigeria, Mbe mountains, 2005-2006 Attah, J.O. and Dunn, A. (2007) Mbe mountains patrol report: Christmas 2005-06. Report WCS.
Reports Sierra Leone, Pan troglodytes verus Ausden, M. & Woods, P. (1990) The wildlife of the Western Area Forest Reserve, Sierra Leone.In: Proceedings of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB).
Papers Aveling, C. and Aveling, R. (1987) Report from the Zaire gorilla conservation project. Primate Conservation, 8:162-164.
Papers Aveling, C. and Harcourt, A. (1984) A census of the Virunga gorillas. Oryx, 18(1):8-13.
Reports Cameroon, Takamanda, wildlife Ayeni, J.S.O, Tah, E.A. and Mdaihli, M. (2001) Survey of wildlife utilization around Takamanda Forest Reserve. Report, MINEF,GTZ-PROFA, Mamfe.
Reports Cameroon, Takamanda, hunting Ayeni, J.S.O. & Mdaihl, M. (2001) Wildlife hunting and bushmeat trade utilization in the Takamanda Forest reserve areas of South west province, Cameroon. Project for the Protection of Forests Around Akwaya, Report to PROFA (GTZ-MINEF), Mamfe, South-West Province, Cameroon.
Reports Cameroon, Takamanda, bushmeat Ayeni, J.S.O., Tah, E., Mdaihli, M. and Ada, M. (2003) An evaluation of the exit routes for bush-meat and live wildlife within the Takamanda Forest Reserve Area. PROPA-MINEF report.
Reports Cameroon, Takamanda, mammals Ayeni, J.S.O., Tah, E.A. And Mdaihli, M. (2002) Abundance pattern for mammals in the Takamanda Forest Reserve. Cameroonian-German Project for the protection of forest around Akwaya (PROFA) GTZ-MINEF, MAMFE.
Papers Babafemi, G.O. (2011) Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) populations in southwestern Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 13(2):60-73.
Papers Babafemi, O., Ebenezer, A., Timoty, A. and Samuel, O. (2006) Status survey of chimpanzee Pan troglodytes in the forest zone of southwestern Nigeria. Acta Zoologica Sinica, 52(6):1014-1026.
Papers Balcomb, S., Chapman, C. A., and Wrangham, R. (2000) Relationship between chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) density and large, fleshy-fruit tree density: Conservaton impliations. Americam Journal of Primatology 51: 197-203.
Papers Baldwin, P., McGrew, W. and Tutin, C. (1982) Wide-ranging chimpanzees at Mt. Assirik, Senegal. International Journal of Primatology, 3(4):367-385.
Reports Rwanda, Burundi, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Barakabuye, N., Mulindahabi, F., Plumptre, A.J., Kaplin, B., Munanura, I., Ndagijimana and Ndayiziga, O. (2007) Conservation of Chimpanzees in the Congo nile divide forests of Rwanda and Burundi. Report WCS, ORTPN, INECN.
Reports Ivory Coast, Marahoue, Pan troglodytes verus Barnes, R. (1997) A brief visit to Marahoue National Park. Report Conservation International.
Papers Barnett, A., Prangley, M., Hayman, P.V., Diawara, D. and Koman, J. (1994) A preliminary survey of Kounounkan Forest, Guinea, West Africa. Oryx 28(4): 269-275.
Papers Basabose, K. and Yamagiwa, J. (2002) Factors affecting nesting site choice in chimpanzees at Tshibati, Kahuzi-Biega National Park: influence of sympatric gorillas. International Journal of Primatology, 23(2):263-282.
Papers chimpanzee; genetic mark-recapture; genetic diversity; community size; conservation Basabose;A.K., Inoue E., Kamungu S., Murhabale, B., Akomo-Okoue, E.F. and Yamagiwa, J. (2015). Estimation of chimpanzee community size and genetic diversity in Kahuzi-Biega National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo. Am. J. Primatol. DOI: 10.1002/ajp.22435
Proceedings Nigeria, Gorilla gorilla diehli, Workshop Bassey, A.E. and Oates, J.F. (2001) Proceedings of the International Workshop and conference on the Conservation of the Cross River Gorillas. Calabar, Nigeria. April 6-9 2001.
Book Great apes, Evolution, Morality Beck, B., Stoinski, T. (2001) Great Apes and Humans – The Ethics of Coexistence. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C
Papers Beck, J & Chapman, H. (2008) A population estimate of the endangered chimpanzee Pan troglodytes vellerosus in a Nigerian montane forest: implications for conservation. Oryx, 42 (3), 448-451.
Reports Democratic Republic Congo, Lomako, Pan paniscus Belembo, G. (2008) Monitoring of large mammal populations and human activity in the Lomako-Yokokala Faunal Reserve. Report African Wildlife Foundation.
Reports Cameroon, Boumba Bek, great apes Bene Bene, C.L. & Nzooh Dongmo, Z-L.(2005) Suivi Ecologique dans le parc national de Boumba Bek et sa zone peripherique: donnes de base sur la dynamique des populations de grands et moyens mammiferes et des activites anthropiques. Report WWF.
Thesis Cameroon, Nigeria, Gorilla Bergl, R.A. (2006) Conservation Biology of the Cross River Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) PhD thesis.The City University of New York.
Papers Cameroon, Cross River gorilla, Forest, fragmentation, Gorilla gorilla diehli, Nigeria, range, Remote sensing Bergl, R.A., Warren,Y., Nicholas,A., Dunn,A. Imong,I., Sunderland-Groves,J.L. and Oates,J.F. (2012). Remote sensing analysis reveals habitat, dispersal corridors and expanded distribution for the Critically Endangered Cross River gorilla Gorilla gorilla diehli. Oryx, 46, pp 278-289. doi:10.1017/S0030605310001857.
Reports Congo, Odzala, great apes Bermejo, M. (1995) Programme de conservation, education environmentale et de recherche scientifique des gorilles et chimpanzes de lossi (Nord Congo) Intermediate report. Report AGRECO.
Papers Bermejo, M. (1999) Status and conservation of primates in Odzala National Park, Republic of the Congo. Oryx, 33(4): 323-332.
Reports Congo, Lossi, great apes Bermejo, M. (2003) Recensement de la faune sur le sanctuaire de gorilles de Lossi, zone affectee par le virus ebola. Rapport pour AGRECO, SECA, CIRAD Foret.
Papers Ebola virus (ZEBOV), Gabon, Congo, Gorilla and Chimpanzee carcasses, ape mortality, group-to-group transmission of Ebola virus Bermejo, M., Rodriguez-Teijeiro, J.D., Illera, G. et al. (2006) Ebola outbreak killed 5000 gorillas. Science 314:pp.1564.DOI: 10.1126/science.1133105
Action_Plans NA Bezangoye, A. and Maisels,F. (2010) Great ape and human impact monitoring in the Lopé-Waka Exceptional Priority Area, Gabon. Part I: Lope National Park. Final report to USFWS. WCS Gabon.
Action_Plans Gabon, Line transects, Lope National, Pan troglodytes troglodytes and Gorilla gorilla gorilla Bezangoye, N.A. (2010) Inventaire des grands mammifères et de l’impact des activités humaines. Parc National de la Lopé. Deuxième cycle (Octobre 2008-Novembre 2009).Unpublished report, WCS Gabon.
Reports Nigeria, Cross River Oban Division, Pan troglodytes vellerosus Birch, D. & Tooze, Z.(2007) Primate reconnaissance Survey in the Cross River National Park, Oban division. Report CRNP/WCS/Colchester Zoo Action for the Wild/Cercopan.
Reports Congo, Odzala Koukoua, Great Apes Blake, S. (2005a) Final Report on Elephant and Ape Surveys in the Odzala-Koukoua National Park, 2005. Unpublished Report.
Reports MIKE, survey, Central Africa Blake, S. (2005b) Central African Forests: Final report on population surveys (2003-2004) March 2005. Nairobi: CITES MIKE
Papers Blom, A., Alers, M.P.T., Feistner, A.T.C., Barnes, R.F.W. and Barnes, K.L. (1992) Primates in Gabon - current status and distribution. Oryx 26 (4): 223-234.
Papers Blom, A., Almasi, A., Heitkönig, I., Kpanou, J. and Prins, H. (2001) A survey of the apes in the Dzanga-Ndoki National Park, Central African Republic: a comparison between the census and survey methods of estimating the gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) nest group density.African Journal of Ecology 39, 98-105.
Papers Blom, A., van Zalinge, R., Mbea, E., Heitkonig, I.M.A. and Prins, H.H.T. (2004) Human impact on wildlife populations within a protected Central African forest. African Journal of Ecology, 42, 23-31.
Papers Conservation, Culture, Nkwende Hills reserve, Traditional use categories, Wildlife, Chimpanzees, Cameroon Bobo, K.S., Ntumwel, B., C. and Aghomo, M.F.F. (2013) Local Perception on Wildlife uses and related loss of cultural values around the Nkwende Hills Forest Reserve, South-West Cameroon. Life Sciences Leaflets 5: 1-8
Reports Nigeria, Edumanom, Pan troglodztes vellerosus Bocian, C. (1999) A primate survey of the Okoroba Community Forest, Edamanom Forest Reserve. Report to the Leventis Foundation and the Nigerian Conservation Foundation, Lagos, Nigeria
Book Cote dIvoire, Tai, Pan troglodytes verus Boesch, C. & Boesch-Achermann, H. (2000) The Chimpanzee of the Tai Forest. Behavioural Ecology and Evolution. New York: Oxford University Press.
Papers Chimpanzee, Tool use,complexity,Cognition,Evolution Boesch, C., Head, J. and Robbins, M.M.(2009) Complex tool sets for honey extraction among chimpanzees in Loango National Park, Gabon. J. Hum. Evol.56: 560-569.
Book Democratic Republic Congo, Virunga, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii Boesch, C., Hohmann, G. and Marchant, L. (2002) Behavioural diversity in chimpanzees and bonobos. Univ. Cambridge Press.
Papers Bogart, S.L. and Pruetz, J.D. (2011) Insectivory of Savanna chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) at Fongoli, Senegal. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 145:11-20
Reports Dja, Gorlla gorilla gorilla, Pan troglodytes Bombone, K., Dupain, J. Neel, C. (2004) Statut des populations des grands singes (Gorlla gorilla gorilla and Pan troglodytes) du secteur forestier d´Ekom (Reserve de Biosphere du Dja-Est Cameroun) Densite, longevite des nids (chimpanze & gorille) et conservation. Rapport technique no. 1 mars 2004. Groupement AGRECO-SEGA-CIRAD foret.
Reports Dja, Great apes, Socio-ecology Bombone, K., Dupain, J., Djoufack, S., Epanda, M., Neel, C. (2004) Socio-ecologie des grands singes (Gorlla gorilla gorilla and Pan troglodytes) den milieu de fort dense du Dja-secteur forestier d´Ekom (reserve Biosphere du Dja - Est Cameroun) Longevite des nids et quelques aspects du comportment nidificateur des chimpanzes & des gorilles.Rapport technique no. 2 mars 2004. Groupement AGRECO-SEGA-CIRAD foret.
Reports Cameroon, Logging concession, Great apes Bombone, K.K., Djoufack, S.D., Epanda, M. A.(2004) Densite, Abondance relative, distribution des grands mammiferes & impact des activites humaines dans l´UFA 10 026. Centre Pour la Rescherche etla Conservation Societe Royale Zoologique d´Anverse (SZRA) JMN.
Reports Cameroon, Logging concession, Great apes Bombone. K. (2007) Evalutation du potentiel faunique mammalien dans l´UFA 10 047a concession forestiere 1057. Report to Horizon Vert-gie
Papers Borner, M. (1985) The rehabilitated chimpanzees of Rubondo Island. Oryx, 19(3):151-154.
Reports Batéké Plateau, Gabon, Big mammals, Pan troglodytes and Gorilla gorilla gorilla Bout, N. (2006) Suivi écologique des grands mammifères et de la pression humaine. Parc National des Plateaux Batéké. , p. 108. WCS Gabon/JAF.
Thesis Senegal, Survey, Pan troglodytes verus Boyer, K. M. (2011) Chimpanzee conservation in light of impeding iron ore mining project in SE Senegal. MSc Thesis, Iowa State University, USA
Reports Nationwide survey, Sierra Leone, Pan troglodytes verus Brncic, T.M., Amarasekaran, B., McKenna, A. (2010) Final report of the Sierra Leone National Chimpanzee Census Project. Tacugama Chimpanzee Sanctuary.
Papers Brownlow, A., Plumptre, A., Reynolds, V. and Ward, R. (2001) Source of variation in the nesting behavior of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) in the Budongo Forest, Uganda. American Journal of Primatology, 55:49-55.
Reports Central African Republic, Logging concession, Great apes Brugiere, D, Sakom, D & Sinassonasibe, J.P. (1999) Estimation des densites et analyse du comportement nidificateurs des gorilles et chimpanzes en foret de Ngotto. Rapport ECOFAC, Libreville Gabon.
Papers Gorilla, Ngotto, Central African Republic Brugiere, D. and Sakom, D. (2001) Population density and nesting behaviour of lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in the Ngotto forest, Central African Republic. J. Zool. Lond. 255, 251-259.
Papers Brugiere, D., Badjinca, I., Silva, C. and Serra, A. (2009) Distribution of chimpanzees and interactions with humans in Guinea-Bissau and Western Guinea, West Africa. Folia Primatologica 80:353-358.
Papers Brugiere, D., Badjinca, I., Silva, C. and Serra, A. (2009) Distribution of chimpanzees and interactions with humans in Guinea-Bissau and Western Guinea, West Africa. Folia Primatologica 80:353-358.
Papers Brugiere, D., Sakom, D. and Gautier-Hion, A. (2005) The conservation significance of the proposed Mbaéré-Bodingué national park, Central African Republic, with special emphasis on its primate community. Biodiversity and Conservation, 14:505-522.
Reports Uganda, Bwindi, Gorilla gorilla beringei Butynski, T. (1984) Ecological survey of the Impenetrable (Bwindi) Forest, Uganda, and Recommendations for its conservation and management. Unpublished report, New York Zoological Society, New York, USA.
Papers Butynski, T. (1985) Primates and their conservation in the Impenetrable (Bwindi) Forest, Uganda. Primate Conservation, 6:68-72.
Papers Butynsky, T. and Sarmiento, E. (1995) Gorillas found in Zaire. Gorilla Journal, 10.
Papers Butynsky, T.M., Hart, J.A. and Ilambu, O. (1996) Survey of the southern Itombwe Massif. Gorilla Journal, 13: 13-17.
Papers Subri River Forest, Cercopithecus, chimpanzees, mangabeys, primate surveys, Ghana Buzzard,P.J., Parker, A.J.A.(2012) Surveys from the Subri River Forest Reserve,Ghana. African Primates 7: 175-183.
Reports Nigeria, Okwangwo division, first survey 2005 CRNP (2005a) First Quarterly Report on Gorilla survey of the Okwangwo, Okwa, Balegete and Mbuli Areas of Cross River National Park. Research report no.1, April 2006.
Reports Nigeria, Okwangwo division, second survey 2005 CRNP (2005b) Second Quarterly Report on Gorilla survey of the Okwangwo, Okwa, Balegete and Mbuli Areas of Cross River National Park. Research report no.2, July2005.
Reports Nigeria, Okwangwo division, third survey 2005 CRNP/NCF/WCS (2005) A Gorilla Reconnaissance Survey of the Okwa Hills, Okwangwo Division, Cross River National Park. Research Report no 3. NCF-WCS Biodiversity Research Programme.
Reports Nigeria, Okwangwo division, first survey 2007 CRNP/WCS (2007a) First quarterly report on Cross River gorilla survey and monitoring activities in Cross River National Park. Research Report.
Reports Nigeria, Okwangwo division, second survey 2007 CRNP/WCS (2007b) Second quarterly (October-December 2007) report on Cross River gorilla survey and monitoring activities in Cross River National Park. Research Report.
Reports Nigeria, Okwangwo division, third survey 2008 CRNP/WCS (2008) Third quarterly (January-March 2008) report on Cross River gorilla survey and monitoring activities in Cross River National Park. WCS.
Book Chimpanzee, Gorilla, Bonobo Caldecott & Miles (2006) World Atlas of Great Apes and their Conservation. UNEP-WCMC. University of Califonia Press, Berkley, USA
Thesis West Africa, Pan troglodytes verus Campbell, G. (2005) Distribution, census and habitat preferences of primate species in the Dahomey Gap (West Africa), with particular emphasis on the red-bellied Guenon (Cercpithecus erythrogaster erythrogaster) MSc Thesis. University of Calgary, Alberta.
Reports Togo, Faza Malfakassa, Pan troglodytes verus Campbell, G. and Radley, P.M. (2006) Primate and bird diversity in the Faza-Malfakassa National Park, Togo. Technical report. Conservation International, Washington, D.C.
Papers Campbell, G., Kuehl, H., Kouame Ngoran, P. and Boesch, C. (2008) Alarming decline of Western African chimpanzees in Cote d'Ivoire. Current Biology, 18(19), 903-904.
Reports Sierra Leone, PHVA, chimpanzees, Carlsen, F., Leus, K., Traylor-Holzer, K., McKenna, A. (Editors) (2012) Western Chimpanzee Population and Habitat Viability Assessment for Sierra Leone: Final Report. IUCN/SSC Conservation Breeding Specialist Group – Europe (CBSG Europe), Copenhagen, Denmark.
Papers Carroll, R. (1986) Status of the lowland gorilla and other wildlife in the Dzanga-Sangha region of southwestern Central African Republic. Primate Conservation, 7:38-41.
Papers Carroll, R. (1988) Relative density, range extension, and conservation potential of the lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in the Dzanga-Sangha region of southwestern Cental African Republic. Mammalia, 52(3):309-323.
Reports Guinea, Pan troglodytes verus Carter, J. (2000) Les Chimpanzes de Guinee. Une etude pour une survie: Nyalama et Pita. Report for the US Agency for International Development, Conakry, Republic of Guinea.
Reports Senegal, Pan troglodytes verus Carter, J. (2001) Les Programme d'education et recensement des chimpanzes en Senegal. Unpublished quarterly reports for Friends of Animal and the Direction des Parcs Nationaux, Senegal.
Papers Chimpanzees,Conservation science,Forests, Guinea-Bissau, Habitats,Population density,Primates,Rivers Carvalho J.S., Marques, T.A., Vicente, L. (2013) Population Status of Pantroglodytes verus in Lagoas de Cufada Natural Park, Guinea-Bissau. PLoS ONE 8:e71527. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0071527
Papers Carvalho, S., Sousa, C. And Matsuzawa, T. (2007) New Nut-Cracking Sites in Diecke Forest, Guinea: An overview of the Surveys. Pan africa News 14(1): 11-13.
Papers Casimir, M.J. & Butenandt, E. (1973) Migration and core area shifting in relation to some ecological factors in a mountain gorilla group (Gorilla gorilla beringei) in the Mt. Kahuzi region (Republic du Zaire) Z. Tierpsychol., 33:514-522.
Reports Mali, Bafing Faleme, Pan troglodytes verus Caspary, H., Mertens, A. and Niagate, B. (1998) Possibilities d'une explotation durable des Ressources Fauniques dans la Reserve de Faune du Bafing. Report GTZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft für technische Zusammenarbeit)
Reports Guinea, Forest reserves, Pan troglodytes verus Catterson, T.M., Thiam, B., Diakite, D. and Ham, R. (2001) Programmatic environmental assessment of co-management of reserved forests in Guines. Report USAID/GUINEA.
Reports Sierra Leone, Pan troglodytes verus Cemmats Group Ltd. (2008) Environmental and social assessment of Baohun Gold Project. Report unpubl.
Papers Fallback foods, Forest fragments, Gishwati, Pan troglodytes,Rwanda Chancellor, R. L., Rundus, A. S., & Nyandwi, S. (2012). The influence of seasonal variation on chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) fallback food consumption, nest group size, and habitat use in Gishwati, a montane rainforest fragment in Rwanda. International Journal of Primatology, 33:115-133
Papers Genotyping, Mark recapture, Noninvasive sampling, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii, Y-chromosome Chancellor, R., Langergraber, K., Ramirez, S., Rundus, A. & Vigilant, L. (2012) Genetic sampling of unhabituated chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) in Gishwati Forest Reserve, an isolated forest fragment in western Rw&a. International Journal of Primatology, 33: 479–88.
Papers Chapman, C. and Lambert, J. (2000) Habitat alteration and the conservation of african primates: case study of Kibale National Park, Uganda. American Journal of Primatology, 50:169-185.
Papers Chapman, H, Olson, S and Trumm, D. (2004) An assessment of changes in the montane forests of Taraba State, Nigeria, over the past 30 years.Oryx 38(3): 1-9.
Reports Cameroon, Logging concession, Great apes Chogue, R. & Nzooh, Z. (2007) Les grands et moyens mammiferes dans la ZICGC 2: Abondance et pressions. Rapport pour WWF-GTZ
Papers Clark, C.J., Poulsen, J.R., Malonga, R. and Elkan, P.W. (2009) Logging concessions can extend the conservation estate or Central African tropical forests. Conservation Biology, 23:5, 1281-1293.
Papers Chimpanzee, Elephant, Generalized additive model, Gorilla, Logging concession; Republic of Congo, Tropical forest Clark, C.J., Poulsen, J.R., Malonga, R., Elkan, P.W. (2009) Logging concessions can extend the conservation estate for Central African tropical forests. Conserv Biol 23:1281–1293. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01243.
Book Democratic Republic Congo, Kahuzi Biega, Gorilla gorilla beringei Clutton-Brock, T.H. (1977) Primate ecology: studies of feeding and ranging behaviour in lemurs, monkeys and apes. Academic Press, London.
Thesis Cameroon, Nigeria, Gorilla gorilla diehli Cocca, M.(2008) Using Non-Invasive Molecular Techniques to Obtain a Population Count of Highly Endangered Nigerian Gorillas. MSc thesis, Depart. Anthropology, New York University.
Reports Nigeria, Gorilla gorilla diehli, 2006 Cohen, N. (2006) A reconnaissance survey at Afi mountain wildlife sanctuary, October-November 2006. Report WCS.
Reports Nigeria, Gorilla gorilla diehli, 2007 Cohen, N. (2007a) Afi Mountain Wildlife Sanctuary: Gorilla Survey-February 2007. Cross River State Forestry Commission. Report NCF-WCS Biodiversity Research Programme
Reports Cross River Okwangwo Division, Gorilla gorilla Cohen, N. (2007b) Gorilla Reconnaissance Surveys: Okwangwo Division, Cross River National Park. December 2006- March 2007. NCF-WCS Biodiversity Research Programme.
Reports Cameroon, Mbe Mountains, Great apes Cohen, N. (2007c) Monitoring the abundance of wildlife in the Mbe mountains: november 2006_February 2007. Report to NCF/WCS.
Papers Collins, D. A., McGrew, W. C. (1988) Habitats of three groups of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in western Tanzania compared. Journal of Human Evolution 17: 553-574.
Reports Takamanda, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla Diehli Comiskey JA, Sunderland T, and Sunderland-Groves JL. (2003) Takamanda: The Biodiversity Of An African Rainforest. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.
Papers Costa, S., Rias, S. Casanova, C., Sousa, C. and Sousa, C (2007) Social perception of non-humans in Tombali (Guinea-Bissau, West Africa): an anthropological contribution to chimpanzee conservation. Abstract. Folia Primatologica 79: 290-291.
Papers Cousins, D. (1978) Gorillas - a survey. Oryx 14: 254-258.
Reports Cameroon, Takamanda, Gorilla survey Critchley,W.R. (1968) Final report on Takamanda gorilla survey. Report to the Winston Churchhill Memorial Trust.
Papers chimpanzees, threatened monkeys, forest reserves, line transects, Ghana DANQUAH, E., OPPONG, S.K., AKOM, E. & SAM, M. (2012) Preliminary survey of chimpanzees and threatened monkeys in the Bia-Goaso forest block in southwestern Ghana. Primates, 7: 163–174.
Reports Guinea-Bissau, Cantanhez Forest, Pan troglodytes verus DGFC/CECI/IUCN (1989) Resultats de l´inventaire fauniques au niveau et propositions de modification de le loi sur la chasse. Rapport DGFC/CECI/IUCN, Bissau.
Reports Uganda, Bwindi, Gorilla survey Davenport, T. (1996) Bwindi Impenetrable National Park biodiversity report. Uganda Forest Department Report, Kampala. Unpublished report.
Papers Davenport, T.R.B., Lodu, E., Howard, P.C. And Plumptre, A.J. (2001) Robust chimpanzee Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii in Otzi Forest Reserve, northern Uganda. African Primates 5: 46-48.
Reports Tanzania, Western Africa, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii Davenport, T.R.B., Mpunga, N.E., Phillipps, G.P., Machaga, S.J., De Luca, D. W., Kibure, O. and Abeid, Y. (2010) The conservation status of the chimpanzee Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii in ´Southern Tankanyika´2005-2009. Report WCS.
Reports Sierra Leone, Gola East, Gola North Davies, A. (1986) Wildlife conservation and forest management in the Gola forest Reserves, Sierra leone. Report submitted to the ministry of agriculture, natural resources and forestry, Freetown, Sierra Leone, pp124
Papers Davies, A. (1987) Conservation of primates in the Gola Forest Reserves, Sierra Leone. Primate Conservation, 8:151-153.
Papers Orangutan killings, Kalimantan, Indonesia, Regression analysis, non-conflict killings, interviews, Hunting Davis, J.T., Mengersen, K., Abram N.K., Ancrenaz, M., Wells, J.A., et al. (2013) It’s Not Just Conflict That Motivates Killing of Orangutans. PLoS ONE 8(10): e75373. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0075373
Papers Canopy cover,Cross River gorilla,Habitat mapping, human impacts, Land use,Nesting ecology,Vegetation map De Vere RA, Warren Y, Nicholas A, Mackenzie ME, Higham JP (2011). Nest site ecology of the Cross River gorilla at the Kagwene Gorilla Sanctuary, Cameroon, with special reference to anthropo- genic inf luence. American Journal of Primatology 73: 253–261
Papers De Vere, R.A., Warren, Y., Nicholas, A., McKenzie, M.E. and Higham, J. (2011) New site ecology of the Cross River gorilla at the Kagwene Gorilla Sanctuary, Cameroon, with special reference to anthropogenic influence. American Journal of Primatology, 73:253-261.
Book Uganda, Budongo, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii DeVore, I. (1965) Primate Behavior: Field Studies of Monkeys and Apes. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
Papers Deblauwe, I., Guislain, P., Dupain, J., and Van Elsacker, L. (2006) Use of a tool-set by Pan troglodytes troglodytes to obtain termites (Macrotermes) in the periphery of the Dja Biosphere Reserve, southeast Cameroon. American Journal Primatology 68(12):1191-1196.
Papers Gorilla gorilla; Pan troglodytes; ape density; remote sensing; conservation Devos, C., Sanz, C., Morgan, D., Onononga, J.R., Laporte, N., Huynen M.C. (2008) Comparing ape densities and habitats in northern Congo: surveys of sympatric gorillas and chimpanzees in the Odzala and Ndoki regions. Am J Primatol. 70: 439–451.
Thesis Cameroon, Dja, Gorilla Djoufack, S.D. (2003a) Contribution a la characterisation de la vegetation et etude de la distribution des gorilles (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) en peripherie de la Reserve de Faune du Dja. MSc thesis, Universite´de Yaounde 1, Cameroun.
Thesis Cameroon, Forest, Gorilla Djoufack, S.D. (2003b) Vegetation et Distribution des nids de gorilles (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) dans le peripherie nord de la reserve de la Biosphere du Dja. Diploma Study. Universite de Yaounde, Faculte des sciences.
Papers Donisthorpe, E. (1958) A pilot study on the mountain gorilla (Gorilla gorilla beringei) in south-west Uganda, February to September 1957. South African Journal Science 8: 195-217.
Thesis Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzee, Northwest Region, Cameroon Doumbé, OA. (2013) Habitat Mapping of the Babanki-Finge Forest, and Survey on the Rarest Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes ellioti) in the Bamenda Highlands, North-West Cameroon. MRes Thesis: University of Roehampton, London, UK.
Reports Congo, Odzala, great apes Dowset, R.J. & Dowset-Lemaine, F. (1997) Flora and Fauna of Odzala national park (Congo) Tauraco Research Report 6:135.
Reports Rwanda, Western Africa, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii Dowsett, R.J. (1990) Survey of the fauna and flora of Nyungwe Forest, Rwanda. Tauraco Research Report No.3, 140pp.
Reports Rwanda, Western Africa, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii Dowsett, R.J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F and Vande Weghe, J-P. (1990) Les oiseaux de la foret de Nyungwe. Rapport ORTPN, Kigali, Rwanda.
Reports Apes, Mount Nlonako, Makombe Dowsett-Lemaire & Dowsett (2001) Birds & mammals of Yabassi. Report to WWF-Cameroon, Project des forets de la Cross-Sanaga.
Action_Plans Cross River Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) Dunn, A., Bergl, R., Imong, I. et al. (2014). Revised Regional Action Plan for the Conservation of the Cross River Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) 2014–2019. IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group and Wildlife Conservation Society, New York.
Action_Plans Cross River gorilla, Gorilla gorilla diehli, Cameroon, Nigeria, Conservation Action Plan. Dunn, A., Bergl, R., Imong, I. et al. (in press). Regional Action Plan for the Conservation of the Cross River Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli). IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group and Wildlife Conservation Society, New York.
Papers Dupain, J., Bombome, K. & Van Elsacker, L. (2003) Les chimpanzés et les gorilles de la Réserve de Faune du Dja. Canopée, 24, 14-15.
Papers Dupain, J., Guislain, P., Nguenang, K., de Vleeschouwer, K., and van Elsacker, L. (2004) High chimpanzee and gorilla densities in a non-protected area on the northern periphery of the Dja Faunal Reserve, Cameroon. Oryx, 38 (2): 209-216.
Papers Dupain, J., Van Krunkelsven, E., van Elsacker, L. (1996) Bonobo in situ. Yema. Update No.1, 1 June, EEP-Newsletter.
Papers Dupain, J., van Krunkelsven, E., van Elsacker, L. and Verheyen, R. (2000) Current status of the bonobo (Pan paniscus) in the proposed Lomako Reserve (Democratic Republic of Congo) Biological Conservation, 94:265-272.
Papers Duvall, C. (2000) Important habitat for chimpanzees in Mali. African Study Monographs 21 (4): 173-203.
Papers Duvall, C. (2008) Human settlement eccology and chimpanzee habitat selection in Mali. Landscape Ecology 23 (6): 699-716.
Reports Mali, Bafing Faleme, Pan troglodytes verus Duvall, C. and Niagata, B. (1997) Inventaire preliminaire des mammiferes, oiseaux, et reptiles de la Reserve de Faune du Bafing. Bamako.Mali. Report pour la Direction Nationale des Ressources Forestiéres, Fauniques, et Halieutiques.
Reports Dja, Pan troglodytes troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla gorilla Ecofac Cameroun, Ministere des Forets et de la Faune, Bidiversite. Survey Records: 1998-2003 in Dja Forest reserve
Proceedings Cross River National Park, Gorilla gorilla diehli, Workshop Edet, C. (1996) Preliminary observations on the gorilla (G. gorilla) populations on Okwangwo Division of the Cross River National Park. Cross river national park (Okwangwo Division). In Proceedings of workshop on the rain forest of south eastern Nigeria and south western Cameroon. 20-24 October 1996.
Book Uganda, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii Edroma, E., Rosen, N. And Miller, P. (1997) Conserving the Chimpanzees of Uganda. Population and habitat viability assessment for Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii. IUCN/SSC Conservation Breeding Specialist Group, Aplle Valley, MN.
Reports Korup, abundance, Pan troglodytes vellerosus Edwards, A.E. (1992) The diurnal primates of Korup national park, Cameroon: abundance, productivity and polyspecific associations. Research report USAIS, WCI.
Thesis Cameroon, Pan troglodytes, Korup Edwards, A.E. (1995) The diurnal primates of Korup National Park, Cameroon: abundance, productivity and polyspecific associations. PhD thesis. University of Florida
Papers Last, C and Muh, B. (2013) Chimpanzee, Nest, Cameroon, Predation, Human-wildlife conflict, Africa. Folia Primatol 2013;84:51–63 DOI: 10.1159/00034630 Effects of Human Presence on Chimpanzee Nest Location in the Lebialem-Mone Forest Landscape, Southwest Region, Cameroon
Reports Messaka Court Area, Pan troglodytes vellerosus Ekinde, A. & Ashu, M. (2006) Preliminary survey of ape around the Assaka forest, Akwaya sub division, south west province, Cameroon. Report WCS Cross River Gorilla Project
Reports Gorilla, Logging concession, Forest Ekinde, A. & Khumbah, P.A. (2006) Cross river gorilla surveys in south east UFA 11-002 and search for genetic samples in the Besali-Bechati-Fossimondi forests. Report WCS, ERuDeF
Reports Takamanda, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla Diehli Ekinde, A. & Warren, Y. (2007) Programme for the sustainable management of natural resources in the south west province, Cameroon. Report WCS
Reports Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Esimbi, forests Ekinde, A. (2004) Preliminary ape surveys around the Esimbi area, North West Province, Cameroon. Report WCS.
Reports Pan troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla diehli, forests Ekinde, A. and Wittiger, L. (2005) Preliminary ape surveys around the Bantakpa forest, Mbulu forest, South West Province, Cameroon. Report to the Wildlife Conservation Society. 15pp.
Reports Pan troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla diehli, forest reserve Ekinde, A., Ashu, M. Sunderland-Groves, J. (2005) Preliminary ape surveys around the Fungom Forest Reserve and Furu-Awa sub division, North West Province, Cameroon. Report WCS & Cross River Gorilla Project.
Reports Cameroon, Lebialem-Mone, Great apes Ekobo, A. & Eno Nku, M. (2008) Large Mammal Survey of the Lebialem-Mone Landscape forest, South West Province, Cameroon. Report WWF.
Reports Cameroon, Pan troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla Ekobo, A. (1998a) Large Mammals and vegetation surveys in the Boumba-Bek and Nki Project area. Report to WWF-CPO, Yaounde, Cameroon.
Reports Cameoon, Logging concession, Great apes Ekobo, A. (2007) Etude sul les potentialites fauniques de l´UFA 00-004 Province du Littoral, Cameroun. Report WWF.
Papers Emlen, J.T. & Schaller, G.B. (1960) Distribution and Status of the Mountain Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla beringei) . Zoologica, New York Zoological Society. 45: 41-52.
Reports NIgeria, Cross river, Great apes Eniang, E.A. (2002) The survey of Preuss´s red colobus (PRC) procolobus badius preussi in Ikpan forest block of the Cross River National Park (CRNP), Nigeria. Report to the NCF-WCS Nigeria Biodiversity Conservation Project, August 2002.
Reports Cross River, Pan trolgodytes vellerosus Eniang, E.A. And Luisell (2002) Ikpan wetland rain forest: an area of high biodiversity importance in south-eastern Nigeria. Rev. Ecol. (tere vie), Vol. 57, pp 19-28- Cited in Eniang E.A. (2002) The survey of Preuss´s red colobus (PRC) procolobus badius preussi in Ikpan forest block of the cross river national park (CRNP), Nigeria. Report to the NCF-WCS Nigeria Biodiversity Conservation Project, August 2002.
Reports Nigeria, Cross River, Chimpanzee Eniang, E.A. And Nwufoh, E.I. (2000) Sites of special scientific interest for the conservation of primates in Nigeria. Trans. Nig. Soc. Biol. Conserv. 7:45-54 cited in Eniang, E.A.(2002) The survey of Preuss´s Red Colobus(PRC) procolobus badius preussi in Ikpan Forest Block of the Cross River NP, Nigeria. Unpubl. Report NCF-WCS Nigeria Biodiversity Conservation program, August 2002
Reports Mount Cameroon, Swildlife survey Eno Nku, M. & Ekobo, A. (2007) Large Mammal Surveys of the Proposed Mt. Cameroon National Park, SW province. Report WWF
Thesis Cameroon, Campo Ma'an, Chimpanzee Eno Nku, M. (2001) Frequency of large mammal visits to a forest clearing:a case study of eco-tourism potential in the Campo Ma´an National park, Sothern Cameroon. MSc Thesis dissertation. Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, Univ. Kent at Canterbury, United Kingdom.
Reports Cameroon, Ejagham Forest Reserve, Pan troglodytes vellerosus Eno Nku, M. (2003a) Rapid large mammal assessment of Ejagham Forest Reserve, South west province - Cameroon. Report WCS Cameroon
Reports Cameroon, Forest concessions, Great apes Eno Nku, M. (2003b) Rapid large mammal assessment of Nkwende Hills Forest Concession (UFA 11-001) & Upper Banyang Forest Concession (UFA 11-002), South West province- Cameroon. Report WCS Cameroon
Reports Cameroon, Mone river, Great apes Eno Nku, M. (2004a) Assessment of Large & Medium Sized Mammals of the Mone River Forest Reserve, South West Province - Cameroon. Report WCS.
Reports Cameroon, Forest reserves, Pan troglodytes Eno Nku, M. (2004b) Large mammal reconnaisance surveys at Lake Barombi Mbo & Southern Bakundi Forest Reserves, SW province. Report WCS
Reports Cameroon, Etinde, Pan troglodytes vellerosus Eno Nku, M. (2004c) Large mammal reconnaisance surveys of Mt Etinde Forest Reserve, SW province. Report WCS Cameroon
Reports Cameroon, UFA, Pan troglodytes Eno Nku, M. (2004d) Large & Medium size Mammal survey of the UFA 09-024 Forest Concession, South Province Cameroon. WCS Report.
Reports Cameroon, UFA, Pan troglodytes Eno Nku, M. (2004e) Large & Medium Size Mammal Survey of the UFA 09-021 Forest Concession. Report WCS
Reports Cameroon, UFA, Pan troglodytes Eno Nku, M. (2004f) Large & medium size mammal survey of the Upper Banyang Forest Concession (UFA 11-002), South West province- Cameroon. Report WCS.
Reports Cameroon, UFA, Pan troglodytes Eno Nku, M. (2004g) Large and medium size mammal survey of the Upper Banyang Forest Concession-UFA 11-001-SW province Cameroon. Report WCS.
Reports Cameroon, Nguti, Pan troglodytes Eno Nku, M. (2008a) Large Mammal Survey of the Nguti Council Forest, South West Province – Cameroon. Report WWF.
Reports Cameroon, UFA, Pan troglodytes Eno Nku, M. (2008b) Large Mammal Survey of the UFA 00-001/002. Report WWF
Reports Cameroon, UFA, Pan troglodytes Eno Nku, M. (2008c) Large Mammal Survey of the UFA 11-001. Report WWF.
Reports Cameroon, Deng-Deng, Great apes Eno Nku, M., Fotso, R., Sunderland-Groves, J. (unpubl) Gorilla and Chimpanzee Populations in the Deng-Deng Forest Reserve, Eastern Province, Cameroon
Reports Dja, Pan troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla Eno Nku, M., van del Wal, M. (1999) Density estimates in the Dja faunal reserve: a comparison of sites.
Thesis Cameroon, Pan troglodytes, Korup Epanda, M.A. (2001) Etude de quelcques aspects de l´ecologie des primates diurnes dans le parc national de Korup. MSc thesis dissertation Universite de Dschang, Faculte dágronomie et des sciences agicoles, Department de foresterie.
Thesis Democratic Republic of Congo, Forest, Pan paniscus Eriksson, J. (1999) A survey of the forest and census of the bonobo (Pan paniscus) population between the Lomako and the Yekokora rivers in the Equateur province, DR Congo. MSc thesis, University of Uppsala, Ippsala, Sweden.
Reports Guinea., Forest, Pan troglodytes verus Eriksson, J. and Kpoghoumou, E. (2005) Evaluation rapide des primates de la prefecture de Boké dans le nord-ouest de la Guinee. In Wright, H.E. and J. McCullough et M.S. Diallo. (eds) 2006. A Rapid Biological Assessment of the Boké Préfecture, Northwestern Guinea. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 41. Conservation International, Washington, DC.
Papers Cross River gorillas, Maximum entropy model, Human activities, Villages, Distribution models, Cameroon, Elevation Etiendem, D. N., Neba, F.-G., Tagg, N., Indah, E. K., & Hens, L. (2013a). The cross river gorillas (Gorilla gorilla diehli) at Mawambi Hills, SW Cameroon: habitat suitability and vulnerability to anthropogenic disturbance. Folia Primatologica, 84:18–31.
Papers Non-timber forest products · NTFP · Gnetum spp. · Forest management · Non-wood forest products · Irvingia spp. · Cross River gorilla · Chimpanzee Etiendem, D. N., Tagg, N., Hens, L., & Pereboom, Z. (2013b). Impact of human activities on cross river gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) habitats in the Mawambi Hills, southwest Cameroon.Endangered Species Research, 20,167–179.
Papers Etiendem, D.N., Hens, L. and Pereboom, Z. (2011) Traditional knowledge systems and the Conservation of Cross River gorillas: a case study of Bechati, Fossimondi, Besali, Cameroon. Ecology and Society, 16(3):22
Reports Cameroon, Logging concession, Great apes Etoga, G. (2001) Etude sur les potentialites fauniques de l´UFA 10 038. Report SFID
Reports Cameroon, Logging concession, Great apes Etoga, G. (2002) Etude sur le potentialites fauniques de l´UFA 10 039. Report for RP PALLISCO. Jiun 2002.
Reports Cameroon, Logging concession, Great apes Etoga, G. (2003a) Etude sur les potentialites fauniques des UFAs 09017 et 09018. Report. FIPCAM. October 2003
Reports Cameroon, Logging concession, Great apes Etoga, G. (2003b) Etude sur les potentialites fauniques des UFAs 10044, 10042 et 10041. Report RP Pallisco
Reports Cameroon, Logging concession, Great apes Etoga, G. (2008) Etude des potentialites fauniques des grands mamiferes et des activites humaines dans l´UFA 09 024, Sud Cameroun. WWF Kudu Zombo project report.
Reports Campo Ma'an, Pan troglodytes troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla gorila Etoga, G.P. & Foguekem, D.(2008b) Suivi des populations des grands et moyens mammiferes et des activites humaines dans le parc national de Campo Ma´an, sud Cameroun. Report WWF.
Reports Nigeria, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli Ewa, C. And Fidelis, E. (2006) A report on gorilla ranging, nesting, other wildlife activities in northern axis of Afi mountain wildlife sanctuary and Kakwagom-Bitiah Irran Community Forest. Duration of report: 4Sept-12 Sept. WCS.
Reports Nigeria, Kakwagom, Gorilla gorilla diehli Ewa, C. and Sunday, A. (2006) A report on gorilla search, other wildlife and human activities on Bitiah/kakwagon Irruan community forest in the month of December 2006. Report WCS.
Reports Nigeria, Kakwagom, Gorilla gorilla diehli Ewa, C. and Sunday, A. (2007) A report on gorilla search, other wildlife and human activities on Bitiah/kakwagon Irruan community forest in the month of January 2007. Report WCS.
Thesis Cameroon, Logging concession, Chimpanzee Eyebe, J.P.(2008) Etude du potentiel faunique d´une concession forestiere cas de l´UFA 09-024 pheripherie du Parc National de Campo Ma´an. Diplôme d’Ingénieur des Eaux, Forêts et Chasse, University De Dschang, Depart. De Forestiere
Papers Pongo pygmaeus pygmaeus, Population density, Nest survey, Demographics, Phenology FELTON, A.M., ENGSTROM, L.M., FELTON, A. & KNOTT, C.D. (2003) Orang-utan population density, forest structure and fruit availability in hand-logged and unlogged peat swamp forests in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Biological Conservation, 114, 91–101.
Reports Congo, Pan troglodytes troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla gorilla Fay, J. M. (1993) A survey of the proposed Garabinzam -MT Nabemba conservation Area, Northern Congo. Global Environment Racility Republic of Congo.
Papers Fay, M. (1989) Partial completion of a census of the western lowland gorilla (Gorilla g. gorilla (Savage and Wyman)) in southwestern Central African Republic. Mammalia, 53(2):203-215.
Papers Fay, M. and Agnagna, M. (1992) Census of gorillas in Northern Republic of Congo. American Journal of Primatology, 27:275-284.
Papers Fay, M., Agnagna, M., Moore, J. and Oko, R. (1989) Gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in the Likouala swamp forest of north central Congo: Preliminary data on populations and ecology. International Journal of Primatology, 10(5):477-486.
Papers Fay, M., Caroll, R., Peterhans, J. and Harris, D. (1995) Leopard attack on and consumption of gorillas in the Central African Republic. Journal of Human Evolution, 29:93-99.
Papers Fay, M.J. & Carroll, R.W. (1994) Chimpanzee tool use for honey and termite extraction in Central Africa. American Journal of Primatology 34:309-317.
Reports Democratic Republic Congo, Lake Tumba, Pan paniscus Fenart, R. and Deblock, R. (1973) Pan paniscus et Pan troglodytes: craniometries - etude comparative et ontogenique selon les methodes classiques et vestibulaires. Tome, I. ,Musee Royal de l´Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique.
Papers Fisher, F., Gross, M. and Linsenmair, K.E. (2002) Updated list of the larger mammals of the Comoe National Park, Ivory Coast. Mammalia, 66, 1:83-92
Papers Fleury-Brugiere, M. and Brugiere, D. (2002) A population density estimate of the chimpanzee in the Haut-Niger National Park, Republic of Guinea. Pan Africa News, 9(1):1-2.
Papers Fleury-Brugiere, M. and Brugiere, D. (2010) High population density of Pan troglodytes verus in the Haut Niger National Park, Republic of Guinea. Implications for local and regional conservation. International Journal of Primatology 31:383-392.
Reports Guinea, Haut Niger, Pan troglodytes verus Fleury-Brugière, M. C. (2002) Les chimpanzés de la Zone Intégralement Protégée - Mafou Parc National de Haut Niger, République de Guinée. Rapport AGIR/PNHN.
Papers Fonkwo, N.S., Angwafo, T.E. and Mbida, M. (2011) Abundance and distribution of large mammals in the Bakossi landscape area, Cameroon. Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management Vol.2(2): 43-48
Papers Forboseh, P.F., Eno Nku, M. & Sunderland, T.C.H. (2007) Priority setting for conservation in south-west Cameroon based on large mammal surveys. Oryx, 41(2) 255-262.
Reports Gola North, Gola Esat, Pan troglodytes verus Forestry Division (2009) Gola Forest Reserves - the proposed Gola Forest National Park. Management Plan 2007-2012. RSPB, Sandy, UK. Conservation Society of Sierra Leone, Freetown, Sierra Leone. Forestry Division, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food Security, Freetown, Sierra Leone.
Papers Fossey, D. (1974) Observations on the home range of one group of mountain gorillas (Gorilla gorilla beringei) Animal Behaviour ,22, 568-581.
Reports Cameroon, Forests, Great apes Fotso, R. ,Eno Nku, M., and Groves, J. (2002) Distribution and conservation status of gorilla population in the forests around Belabo, Eastern province, Cameroon. Report, Cameroon Oil Transportation Company (COTCO)
Reports Guinea, Classified forest, Pan troglodytes verus Fourrier, M.S. (1999) Implementation of an Ecological Study of the Chimpanzees of the Nialama Classified Forest and Evaluation of the Education Program and Suggestions for the conservation of Chimpanzees in the Fouta Djallon Highlands of the Republic of Guinea. Unpublished report.
Thesis Nigeria, Tool use, Pan troglodytes vellerosus Fowler, A. (2006) Behavioural ecology of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes vellerosus) at Gashaka, Nigeria. PhD Thesis, University College London, London.
Reports Central African Republic, wildlife observations, lowland gorillas,chimpanzees,forest elephants Frank P.G. Princée (2013) Biomonitoring Survey 2011-2012 in Dzanga-Sangha Protected Areas. Report for WWF-CAR.
Thesis Democratic Republic of Congo, Nesting behaviour, Pan paniscus Fruth, B. (1995) Nests and Nest Groups in Wild Bonobos (Pan paniscus): Ecological and Behavioural Correlates. PhD thesis, der Fakultat fur Biologie der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat Munchen.
Papers Fruth, B. and Hohmann, G. (1993) Ecological and behavioral aspects of nest building in wild bonobos (Pan paniscus) Ethology, 1993, 94:113-126.
Book Democratic Republic Congo, Pan paniscus Furuichi T. Thompson, J. (2008) Bonobos: Behaviour, Ecology and Conservation. Springer, New York, Pp 273-290.
Papers Furuichi, T. (1989) Social interactions and the life history of female Pan paniscus at Wamba, Zaire. International Journal of Primatology, 10, 173-97.
Papers Furuichi, T. and Hashimoto, C. (2000) Ground beds of chimpanzees in the Kalinzu forest, Uganda. Pan africa News 7:26-28.
Papers Furuichi, T. and Hashimoto, C. (2004) Botanical and topographical factors influencing nesting-site selection by chimpanzees in Kalinzu Forest, Uganda. International Journal of Primatology, 25(4):755-765.
Papers Furuichi, T., Hashimoto, C. and Tashiro, Y. (2001a) Extended application of a marked-nest census method to examine seasonal changes in habitat use by chimpanzees. International Journal of Primatology, 22(6):913-928.
Papers Furuichi, T., Hashimoto, C. and Tashiro, Y. (2001b) Fruit availability and habitat use by chimpanzees in the Kalinzu forest, Uganda: Examination of fallback foods. International Journal of Primatology, 22(6): 929-945.
Papers Furuichi, T., Idani, G., Ihobe, H., Kuroda, S., Kitamura, K., Mori, A., Enomoto, T., Okayasu, N., Hashimoto, C. & Kano, T. (1998) Population dynamics of wild bonobos (Pan paniscus) at Wamba. International Journal of Primatology, 19, 1029-43.
Papers Furuichi, T., Inagaki, H. and Angoue-Ovono, A. (1997) Population density of chimpanzees and gorillas in the Petit Loango Reserve, Gabon: Employing a new method to distinguish between nests of the two species. International Journal of Primatology, 18(6):102
Reports Nigeria, Cross River Okwangwo Division, Great apes Gadsby, E.L. (1990) Primates & Hunting in the Okwango sector, Cross River National Park, Nigeria. Report sumitted to the species conservation sub-sector of the WWF Boshi-Okwangwo feasibility study, and the Cross River State Department of Parks and Wildlife.Hunting in the Okwango sector, Cross River National Park, Nigeria. Report sumitted to the species conservation sub-sector of the WWF Boshi-Okwangwo feasibility study, and the Cross River State Department of Parks and Wildlife.
Reports Cameroon, Etinde, Pan troglodytes vellerosus Gadsby, E.L., Jenkins, JR. (1992) Report on wildlife & hunting in the proposed Etinde forest reserve. Limbe botanic garden & rainforest genetic conservation project.
Reports Senegal, Niokolo Koba, Pan troglodytes verus Galat, G., Galat-Luong, A., Ndiaye, I. and Keita, Y. (1998) Distributions actuelles du chimpanze et du Babouin au Senegal. Communication Presentee au Xie Colloque de la Societe Francaise de Primologie: 29 Septembre au 2 Octobre, Paris, France.
Papers Galat-Luong, A., Galat, G., Ndiaye, I., Keita, Y. (1999) Fragmentation de la distribution et statut actuel du chimpanze Pan troglodytes verus en limite d´aire de répartition au Senegal. African Primates 4 (1&2): 71-72.
Reports Sierra Leone, Gola west, Pan troglodytes verus Ganas, J. (2009) Population status survey and monitoring of western chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) in the Gola Forest Reserve, Sierra Leone. Report to the US Fish and Wildlife Service
Papers Garcia, J. and Mba, J. (1997) Distribution, status and conservation of primates in Monte Alen National Park, Equatorial Guinea. Oryx, 31(1):67-76.
Reports Ghana, Pan troglodytes verus Gatti, S. (2009a) Status of primate populations in protected areas targeted by the community forest biodiversity project. Report WAPCA.
Reports Ghana, Pan troglodytes verus Gatti, S. (2009b) Mammal surveys and capacity building for the wildlife wood project - Ghana. Report WWP, WAPCA.
Papers Gatti, S., Levrero, F., Menard, N. and Gautier-Hion, A. (2004) Population and group structure of western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) at Lokoue, Republic of Congo. American Journal of Primatology, 63(3):111-123.
Papers Pan troglodytes verus,Senegal, Baobab tree, Parkia biglobosa Gašperšič, M. and Pruetz, J.D. (2011). Chimpanzees in Bandafassi Arrondissement, Southeastern Senegal: field surveys as a basis for the sustainable community-based conservation. Pan Africa News, 18: 23–25.
Book Uganda, Kibale, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii Ghiglieri, M. (1984) The Chimpanzees of Kibale Forest. A field study of ecology and social structure.New York: Columbia University Press.
Reports Gabon, Logging concession, Great apes Ghiurghi, A. (2003a) Inventaire des moyens et grands mammiferes du permis forestier FBA (Gabon) Novembre 2003. Report Agreco GEIE.
Reports Gabon, Logging concession, Great apes Ghiurghi, A. (2003b) Inventaire des moyens et grands mammiferes du permis forestier Leroy UFA1. Report.
Reports Gabon, Logging concession, Great apes Ghiurghi, A. (2004) Etude de la grande faune et evalutation de l'activite de chasse dans le permis forestier IFK, massif du Sud-Estuaire, Gabon. Report AGRECO, Bruxelles.
Reports Equatorial Guinea, Monte Alen, Great apes Ghiurghi, A. and Puit, M. (2004) Inventaire des grands et moyens mammiferes dans l'extension sud du Parc National de Monte Alen. Rapport technique, Report ECOFAC, AGRECO, SECA, CIRAD Forest.
Reports Cameroon, Logging concession, Great apes Ghogue, R., Nzooh Dongmo Z-L. (2006) Foret, Faune et hommes: les grands mammiferes et les activites anthropiques dans l´UFA 10-023: Donnees de base pour l´amenagement durable de cette concession forestiere. Report WWF. SFCS. TTS.
Papers Gibson, D. (1992) The Nyumgwe Forest: saving its biodiversity. Zoonooz 65(1): 6-11.
Papers West African chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus),extirpated, reconnaissance surveys,Arly National Park and Pama Partial Reserve in the south-east, Comoé-Léraba Partial Reserve in the south-west, and Koulbi Protected Forest and Nazinga Game Ranch and Reserve Ginn, L.P. Robison J., Redmond, I. and Nekaris, K.A.I.(2013) Strong evidence that the West African chimpanzee is extirpated from Burkina Faso. Oryx, 47:325-326. doi:10.1017/S0030605313000434.
Papers Gippoliti, S. and Dell'Omo, G. (1995) Status and conservation of the chimpanzee Pan troglodytes verus in Guinea-Bissau. African Primates, 1(1):3-5.
Book Togo, Fazao Malfakassa, Pan troglodytes vellerosus Goldsmith, E.I. and Moo-Janowski (1970) Primates in Medicine, vol5. Basel: Karger.
Reports Equatorial Guinea, Rio Muni, Great apes Gonzalez-Kirchner, J. (1994) Ecologia y Conservacion de los Primates de Guinea Ecuatorial. Ceiba Ediciones, Cantabria
Papers Gonzalez-Kirchner,J. (1997) Census of western lowland gorilla population in Rio Muni region, Equatorial Guinea. Folia Zoologica, 46(1):15-22.
Book Tanzania, Gombe, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii Goodall, J. (1986) The chimpanzees of Gombe: patterns of behaviour. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 673p
Papers Granier, N. & Awatwe-Pratt, V. (2007) A rapid survey of primates from the Atewa Range Forest Reserve, Ghana. RAP Bulettin of Biological Assessment no 47: 103-112.
Reports Guinea, Mount Nimba, Pan troglodytes verus Granier, N. (2008) Ecological Study and conservation of chimpanzees Pan troglodytes verus in the Nimba Mountain Biosphere reserve, Republic of Guinea. Report to the section on great apes of the IUCN/SSC primate Specialist Group and Conservation International.
Papers Granier, N. and Martinez, L. (2004) Premiere reconnaissance des chimpanzes Pan troglodytes verus dans la zone transfontaliere entre la Guinee et le Mali (Afrique de l´Ouest) Primatology 6: 423-447.
Thesis http://orbi.ulg.ac.be/handle/2268/171573 Granier, N.(2014) Ecology and Conservation of wild Chimpanzees Pan troglodytes verus in the Nimba Mountain (Côte d’Ivoire and Guinea). PhD Thesis, Faculty of Sciences – University of Liège, Belgium.
Papers chimpanzee, nest count,nesting-site selection, behavioral ecology,conservation Granier, N., Hambuckers, A., Matsuzawa, T. and Huynen, M.-C. (2014) Density estimates and nesting-site selection in chimpanzees of the Nimba Mountains, Côte d'Ivoire, and Guinea. Am. J. Primatol., 76: 999–1010. doi: 10.1002/ajp.22278
Reports Democratic Republic of Congo, Virunga Mountains, Gorilla gorilla beringei Gray, M., McNeilage, A., Fawcett, K., Robbins, M.M., Ssebide, B., Mbula, D., Uwingeli, P. (2005) Virunga Volcano Range mountain gorilla census, 2003. Joint organisers’ report UWA/ORTPN/ICCN.
Papers Gorilla, growth rate, human disturbance, monitoring, population, social structure Gray, M., McNeilage, A., Fawcett, K.T., Robbins, M.M., Ssebide, J.B., Mbula, D.,Uwingeli, P. (2009) Census of the Virunga mountain gorillas: complete sweep method versus monitoring. Afr. J. Ecol. 48, 588–599.
Papers Gorilla beringei beringei,Population survey, Microsatellite genotyping,Virunga Massif Gray, M., Roy, J., Vigilant, L. et al. (2013) Genetic census reveals increased but uneven growth of a critically endangered mountain gorilla population. Biological Conservation 158: 230–238.
Reports Nigeria, Forest Reserve, Pan troglodytes vellerosus Greengrass, E.J. (2006) A survey of chimpanzees in south-west Nigeria. Nigerian Conservation Foundation-Wildlife Conservation Society Biodiversity research programme.
Papers Chimpanzees, habitat loss, logging, hunting, protected areas, conservation Greengrass, E.J. (2009) Chimpanzees are close to extinction in southwest Nigeria. Primate Conservation 24: 77-83
Reports Nigeria, Cameroon, Pan troglodytes Greengrass, L. & Maisels, F. (2007) Conservation of the Nigerian-Cameroon Chimpanzee P.T. vellerosus (and other mammals) in and around the Banyang-Mbo Wildlife Sanctuary, South-West Province, Cameroon. Report WCS.
Reports Central African Republic, Bangassau, Pan troglodytes Greer, D. (2006) Rapport de Mission Effectuee dans le Massif Forestier de Bangassou, Sud-Est de la Republique Centrafricaine. Report WWF CAR CPO.
Papers Groom, A.F. (1973) Squeezing out the mountain gorilla. Oryx, 12, 207-215.
Papers Gross-Camp, N. And Kaplin, B.A. (2005) Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) seed dispersal in an Afromontane Forest: microhabitat influences on the postdispersal fate of large seeds. Biotropica 37(4): 641-649.
Book NA Grossmann, F., Hart, J., Vosper, A. and Ilambu, O. (2008). Range occupation & population estimates of bonobos in the Salonga National Park: application to large-scale surveys of bonobos in the Democratic Republic of Congo. In The Bonobos: Behaviour, Ecology & Conservation. Volume II, eds. Furuichi, T. & Thompson, J. Springer Publishing, New York, NY. pp 189–216.
Reports Takamanda, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla Diehli Groves, J.L. & Maisels, F. (1999) Report on the large mammal fauna of the Takamanda Reserve, South West Province, Cameron - with special enphasis on the gorilla population. Report to WWF-Cameroon Programme Office.
Reports Cameroon, Forest reserve, Gorilla gorilla diehli Groves, J.L. (2002) Report on the status and distribution of the Cross River gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) population of the Takamanda and Mone Forest Reserve and the Mbulu Forest, Southwest Province, Cameroon. Report to the Wildlife Conservation Society, the Whitley Foundation and the Margot Mash Biodiversity Foundation. 42pp and appendices.
Papers Groves-Sunderland, J. (1999) Gorillas in the Takamanda Forest Reserve. Gorilla Journal 18: 17-18.
Proceedings Cameroon, Gorilla gorilla diehli, Workshop Groves-Sunderland, J. (2001) Current status of the cross river gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) in the Takamanda and Mone reserve and the Mbulu Forest, Cameroon. In Proceedings of the international workshop and conference on the conservation of the cross river gorillas, Calabar, Nigeria. Apil 6-9,2001. Eds. Bassey, A.E. and Oates, J.F.
Reports Cameroon, Forests, Gorilla gorilla diehli Groves-Sunderland, J. (2002) Report on the status and distribution of the Cross River gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) population of the Takamanda and Mone Forest Reserves and the Mbulu Forest, Southwest Province, Cameroon. A report to WCS Africa programm
Papers Bonobo, chimpanzee, conservation, conservation ethics, field studies, gorilla, habituation, intervention,orangutan Gruen L, Fultz A, Pruetz J. (2013) Ethical issues in African great ape field studies. ILAR J 54: 24-32
Papers Gushanski, K., Vigilant, L., McNeilage, A., Gray, M., Kagoda, E. And Robbins, M. (2009) Counting elusive animals: comparing field and genetic census of the entire mountain gorilla population of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Biological Conservation 142, 290-300.
Papers Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii, Bili-Uele landscape, Gangu Forest,naïve chimpanzees,behavior HICKS, T. C., ROESSINGH, P. and MENKEN, S. B. J. (2012) Reactions of Bili-Uele Chimpanzees to Humans in Relation to Their Distance From Roads and Villages. Am. J. Primatol., 74: 721–733. doi: 10.1002/ajp.22023
Papers Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii, chimpanzee, Kibira National Park Hakizimana, D. and Huynen, M-C (2013) Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) Population Density and Abundance in Kibira National Park, Burundi. Pan Africa News, 20(2), December 2013
Reports Camerron, Mengame Gorilla Sanctuary, Great apes Halford, T., Auzel, P., Dame, M., Ekodeck, H., Sok, B. and Ellis, C. (2003) Statut des populations de gorilles (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) et de chimpanzes (Pan troglodytes troglodytes) dans le Sanctuaire a Gorilles de Mengame, Province du Sud, Cameroun: densite, distribution, pressions et conservation. Rapport Technique no 2. Mai 2003. MINEF & Jane Goodall Intitute.
Reports Itombwe, Masisi Region, Gorilla Hall, J. and Whataut, W.M. (1992) A preliminary survey of the eastern lowland gorilla. Report WCS, New York.
Papers Hall, J., White, L., Inogwabini, B.-I., Omari, I., Morland, H., Williamson, E., Saltonstall, K., Walsh, P., Sikubwabo, C., Bonny, D., Kiswele, K., Vedder, A. and Freeman, K. (1998) Survey of Grauer's gorilla (Gorilla gorilla graueri) and eastern chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthi) in the Kahuzi Biega National Park Lowland sector and Adjacent Forest in Easter democratic of Congo. International Journal of primatology, 19(2) 207-235.
Papers Hall, J., White, L., Inogwabini, B.-I., Omari, I., Morland, H., Williamson, E., Saltonstall, K., Walsh, P., Sikubwabo, C., Bonny, D., Kiswele, K., Vedder, A. and Freeman, K. (1998) Survey of Grauer's gorilla (Gorilla gorilla graueri) and eastern chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes scweinfurthi) in the Kahuzi Biega National Park Lowland sector and Adjacent Forest in Eastern Democratic of Congo. International Journal of Primatology, 19(2) 207-235
Papers Hall, J., White, L.J.T., Williamson, E.A., Inogwabini, B.I. and Omari I. (2002) Distribution, abundance and biomass estimates for primates within Kahuzi-Biega lowlands and adjacent Forest in Eastern DRC. African Primates, Vol 6(1):35-42.
Papers Hall, J.S., Saltonstall, K., Bila-Isia Inogwabini and Omari, I. (1998) Distribution, abundance and conservation status of Grauer´s gorilla. Oryx, Vol 32, 2:122-130.
Reports Guinea, Nationwide survey, Pan troglodytes verus Ham, R, and Carter, J. (1998) Population size and distribution of Chimpanzees in the Republic of Guinea, West Africa. Report for the European Union: 21.
Reports Guinea, Nationwide survey, Pan troglodytes verus Ham, R. (1998) Nationwide chimpanzee survey and large mammal survey, Republic of Guinea. Report for the European Union, Guinea-Conakry.
Book Gorilla, Chimpanzee, Bonobo Hamburg, D.A. & McCown, E.R. (1979) The Great Apes. Banjamin/Cummings, Menlo Park.
Papers Harcourt A. H., Fossey, D. (1981) The Virunga gorillas: decline of an ´island´ population. Arfrican Journal of Ecology 19: 83-97.
Papers Harcourt, A. (1981) Can Uganda's gorillas survive? - a survey of the Bwindi Forest Reserve. Biological Conservation, 19:269-282.
Papers Harcourt, A.H. and Groom, A.F.G. (1972) Gorilla Census. Oryx, 28, 59-70.
Papers Harding, R. (1984) Primates of the Kilimi area, northwest Sierra Leone. Folia Primatologica, 42:96-114.
Papers Harris, D., Fay, J. M., Mac Donald, N. (1987) Report of Gorillas from Nigeria. Primate Conservation 8: 40.
Papers Hart, J. & Mubalama, K.L. (2005) Conservation of gorillas and chimpanzees in the Itombwe Massif. Gorilla Journal 30, 7-8.
Papers Hart, J. and Hall, J. (1996) Status of Eastern Zaire's Forest Parks and Reserves. Conservation Biology, 10(2):316-324.
Papers Hart, J. and Sikubwabo, C. (1994) Exploration of the Maiko National Park of Zaire 1989-1992: History, environment and the distribution and status of large mammals. Report to WCS Working Papers 2: 1-76 DOI.
Papers Hart, J. and Thomas, S. (1986) The Ituri Forest of Zaire: Primate diversity and prospects for conservation. Primate Conservation, 7:42-44.
Reports Democratic Republic of Congo, Okapi, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Hart, J., Beyers, R., Grossmann, F., Carbo, M., Dino, S., Kahindo, F. (2008) La distribution et frequence de la grande faune et des activites humaines. Avec une evalutation de l'impact de 10 ans de conflict: 1996-2006. Report WCS.
Reports Kahuzi Biega, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii, Gorilla gorilla graueri Hart, J., Carbo, M., Amsini, F., Grossman, F., Kibambe, C. (2007) Park National de Kahuzi Biega. Secteur de Basse Altitude. Inventaire preliminaire de la grande faune avec une evalutation de l´impact des activites humaines et la situation securitaire 2004-2007. Report WCS, ICCN.
Reports TL2, Sankuru, Pan paniscus Hart, T. (2009) A new conservation landscape for bonobo. Discovery and conservation of the Tshuapa-Lomami-Lualaba Landscape in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Report USWS, TL2.
Papers Hartcourt, A. H., Stewart, K.L. And Inahoro, I. (1989) Gorilla quest in Nigeria. Oryx 23: 7-13.
Papers Hartcourt, A.H., Fossey, D. And Sabater-Pi, J. (1981) Demography of Gorilla gorilla. Journal of Zoological Society of London, 195, 215-233.
Papers Hashimonto, C., Cox, D. And Furuichi, T. (2007) Snare removal for conservation of chimpanzees in the Kalinzu Forest Reserve, Uganda. Pan Africa News, 14(19):8-11.
Papers Hashimoto, C. (1993) Ecological survey on chimpanzees in the Kalinzu forest, Uganda: a preliminary report. Primate Research, 9 (2): 113-118.
Papers Hashimoto, C. (1995) Population census of the chimpanzees in the Kalinzu Forest, Uganda: comparison between methods with nest counts. Primates, 36(4):477-488.
Papers Gorilla gorilla gorilla,  Nesting behavior,  Timber exploitation,  Long term impact,  Gabon,  Standing crop nest count Haurez, B., Petre, C.A., Vermeulen, C., Tagg, N., Doucet, J.L. (2014) Western lowland gorilla density and nesting behavior in a Gabonese forest logged for 25 years:implications for gorilla Conservation. Biodivers Conserv. DOI 10.1007/s10531-014-0743-1
Book Chimpanzee, Behaviour, Ecology Helne, P.G. & Marquardt, L.A. (1989) Understanding Chimpanzees. Harvard University Press, The Chicago Academy of Sciences, Cambridge & London, England.
Reports Ivory Coast, Marahour, Pan troglodytes vellerosus Herbinger (2007) Chimpanzee survey in Azagni National Park. Report WCS/WCF/OIPR
Reports Ivory Coast, Azagni, Pan troglodytes verus Herbinger, I. & Tounkara, E.O, (2002) A rapid survey of primates in the Simandou Range, Pic de Fon, Guinea. Report Conservation International.
Reports Guinea, Classified forest, Pan troglodytes verus Herbinger, I. & Tounkara, E.O, (2006a)Une evaluation rapide de la faune de primates dans trois forets classees en Guinee Forestiere: les Forest Classees de Bere, de Dieke et du Mont Bero. In Wright, H.E., J. McCullough, L.E. Alonso and M.S. Diallo (eds.) 2006. A Rapid Biological Assessment of Three Classified Forests in Southeastern Guinea. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 40. Conservation International, Washington, DC.
Reports Guinea, Pic de Fon, Pan troglodytes verus Herbinger, I. & Tounkara, E.O, (2006b)Une evaluation rapide des primates de la Foret Clasee du Pic de Fon, Guinee. Una evalutation Biologique Rapide de la foret Clasee du Pic de Fon, Chainne du Simandu, Guinee, Conservation International, Washington, DC.
Reports Ivory Coast, Mont Sangbe, Pan troglodytes verus Herbinger, I. (2001a) Rapport de recensement de la population de chimpanzes au Mont Sangbe. Report WCF.
Reports Ivory Coast, Mount Peko, Pan troglodytes verus Herbinger, I. (2001b) Rapport de recensement de la population de chimpanzes au Mont Peko. Report WCF.
Thesis Tanzania, Ugalla area, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii Hernarndez-Aguilar, A.(2006) Ecology and nest-site selection of chimpanzees in Issa (Ugalla, Tanzania) PhD thesis, Depart. Athropology, University of Southern California.
Reports Tanzania, Surveys, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Hernarndez-Aguilar, A., Moore, J., Stewart, F., Piel, A., Ogawa, H. and Pintea, L. (2006) Surveys of Ugalla and Masito. In: Moyer et al, surveys of chimpanzees and other biodiversity in western tanzania. Report to unites states fish and wildlife service. 65pp.
Papers Chimpanzee, Orphan, Trade, DRC, Democratic Republic of Congo Hicks T.C., Darby, L., Hart, J., Swinkels, J., January, N., Menken, S. (2010) Trade in orphans and bushmeat threatens one of The Democratic Republic of the Congo's most important populations of Eastern Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii). African Primates 7(1): 1-18.
Reports Democratic Republic Congo, Bili-Uere, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Hicks, C. (2005) Bili Field Season 2004-2005. Into the world of Bili apes. Report, University of Amsterdam
Reports Democratic Republic Congo, Bili-Uere, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Hicks, C. (2007) Bili Field Season 2006-2007. A new beginning. Report, University of Amsterdam
Reports Democratic Republic Congo, Bili-Uere, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Hicks, C. (2008) Bili Field Season 2007-2008. Report, University of Amsterdam
Papers Pan troglodytes troglodytes,Gorilla gorilla gorilla Hicks, T., Fouts, R. and Fouts, D. (2009) A survey of Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes troglodytes) and gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in the selctively logged Ngotto forest, Central African Republic. Journal of applied animal welfare science, 12: 165-188.
Papers Hicks, T., Fouts, R. and Fouts, D. (2009) A survey of Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes troglodytes) and gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in the selctively logged Ngotto forest, Central African Republic. Journal of applied animal welfare science, 12: 165-188.
Book Chimpanzee, Gangu, DRC, Democratic Republic of the Congo Hicks, T.C. ( 2011). Encounters with Bili chimpanzees in the undisturbed Gangu Forest. In Among African apes: Stories and photos from the field. Editors Martha M. Robbins and Christophe Boesch. University of California Press.
Papers Chimpanzee, Bili, DRC, Democratic Republic of Congo Hicks, T.C., Roessingh, P., & Menken, S.B.J. (2012) Reactions of Bili-Uele Chimpanzees to Humans in Relation to Their Distance From Roads and Villages. American Journal of Primatology.DOI: 10.1002/ajp.22023
Papers Bili-Uéré Protected Area Complex (BUPAC), Bushmeat The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Eastern chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) Line transect surveys HicksT.C., Tranquilli, S., Kuehl, H., Campbell G., Swinkels, J., Darby,L., Boesch, C., Hart, J., Menken, S.B.J. (2014) Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence: Discovery of a large, continuous population of Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii in the Central Uele region of northern DRC. Biological Conservation 171: 107-113
Papers Hillman, J.C. (1983) Bengagai. Sabra 3:24-25.
Papers Hiraiwa-Hasegawa, M., Hasegawa, T. and Nishida, T. (1984) Demographic study of a large-sized unit-group of chimpanzees in the Mahale mountains, Tanzania: A preliminary report. Primates, 25(4):401-413.
Thesis Guinea, Bossou, Pan troglodytes verus Hockings, K.J. (2007) Human-chimpanzee coexistence at Bossou, the Republic of Guinea: A chimpanzee perspective. PhD thesis, Depart. Psychology, University of Stirling.
Papers Hohmann, G. and Fruth, B. (2003) Lui Kotale: a new site for field research on bonobos in the Salonga National Park. Pan Africa News 10:25-27.
Reports Liberia, Pan troglodytes verus, RAP Hoke, P., R. Demey & A. Peal (2005): A rapid biological assessment of North Lorma, Gola and Grebo National Forests, Liberia. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 44, Conservation International, Washington D.C., 59p.
Papers Hoppe-Dominik, B. (1991) Distribution and status of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) on the Ivory Coast. Primate Report, 31:45-75.
Reports Cameroon, Logging concession, Great apes Horizon Vert-Gie (2007) Evaluation du potentiel faunique mammalien dans l´UFA 10-047a concession forestiere 1057. Diversite biologique, densite, activites humaines et distribution spatiale de la faune sauvage. Report Horizon Vert-Gie, Ecofac
Papers Horn, A.D. (1980) Some observations on the ecology of the bonobo chimpanzee (Pan paniscus Schwarz 1929) near Lake Tumba, Zaire. Folia Primatologica 34: 145-169.
Reports Uganda, Rwenzori National Park, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Howard, P., Daventport, T. & Baltzer, M. (1996) Rwenzori Mountains National Park: Biodoversity Report. Forest Department, Kampala, Uganda. Unpublished Report.
Book Uganda, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii Howard, P.C. (1991) Nature Conservation in Uganda´s Tropical Forests Reserves. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Book Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Bush-meat trade, Ape sanctuaries, Extinction, Vortex Hughes, N.,Rosen, N.,Gretsky, N. and Sommer,V.(2011). Will the Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzee go extinct? Models derived from intake rates of ape sanctuaries. Pp. 493–523 (Ch. 14). Sommer V. and Ross C. (eds.). Primates of Gashaka. Socioecology and Conservation in Nigeria's Biodiversity Hotspot. Springer, New York.
Papers Huijbregts, B., De Wachter, P.,Ndong Obiang, L.S. and Akou, A.E. (2003) Ebola and the decline of Gorilla gorilla and chimpanzee Pan troglodytes populations in Minkebe forest, north-eastern Gabon. Oryx: 37(4): 437-443.
Thesis Guinea, Pan troglodytes verus Hulme, T. (1999) Culture and variation in wild chimpanzee behaviour: a study of three communities in West Africa. PhD thesis, University of Stirling, Scotland, UK.
Reports Guinea, Haut Niger, Pan troglodytes verus Hulme, T., Deniau, C., Lapeyre, V., Houpline, C., Colin, C. and Raballand, E. (2009) Report on chimpanzee surveys conducted in Parc National du Haut Niger, Republic of Guinea 2008-2009
Papers NA Humle, T., Colin,C., Laurans M.,Raballand, E.(2011)Group Release of Sanctuary Chimpanzees(Pan troglodytes) in the Haut Niger National Park, Guinea. Int J Primatol (2011) 32:456 473. DOI 10.1007/s10764-010-9482-7
Reports NA Humle,T Deniau,C., Lapeyre,V., Houpline,C., Colin, C., and Raballand, E.(2009)REPORT ON CHIMPANZEE SURVEYS CONDUCTED IN PARC NATIONAL DU HAUT NIGER, REPUBLIC OF GUINEA 2008-2009.AGIR Project. Unpublished Report.
Papers Hunt, K. D. (2000) Initiation of a new chimpanzee study site at Semliki-Toro Wildlife Reserve, Uganda. Pan Africa News, vol7 (2):1.
Reports Takamanda, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla Diehli Hyacinth, M. & Warren, Y. (2007a) The proposed Takamanda National Park: Cross River Gorilla surveys. Feb-May 2007. Report to the Wildlife Conservation Society and KfW – WCS- Takamanda Mone Landscape Project, Limbe, Cameroon.
Reports Takamanda, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla Diehli Hyacinth, M., Warren, Y. (2007b) Large Mammal Survey of the proposed Takamanda National Park, p. 67. Wildlife Conservation Society and KfW. Report 2 in the July 2007 series. Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) – Takamanda Mone Landscape Project, Limbe, Cameroon.
Papers agent-based model; alternative management scenarios; Cross River gorilla; habitat connectivity; habitat; human behaviour change; human pressure; human-dominated landscape; law enforcement IMONG,INAOYOM,KÜHL,HJALMAR S.,ROBBINS,MARTHA M., MUNDRY,ROGER (2016). Evaluating the potential effectiveness of alternative management scenarios in ape habitat. Environmental Conservation: pp 1-11.doi:10.1017/S0376892915000417
Action_Plans Action plan, Western lowland gorilla, Central chimpanzee IUCN (2014). Regional Action Plan for the Conservation of Western Lowland Gorillas and Central Chimpanzees 2015-2025. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN SSC Primate Specialist Group. 56pp.
Action_Plans Bonobo, Pan paniscus,Conservation, Endangered species IUCN and ICCN (2012)Bonobo (Pan paniscus): Conservation Strategy 2012 - 2022.Gland, Switzerland: IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group & Institut Congolais pour la Conservation de la Nature. 65 pp.
Papers Idani, G. (1990) Relations between unit-groups of bonobos at Wamba, Zaire: encounters and temporary fusions. African Study Monographs, 11, 153-156.
Papers Idani, G. (1994) A premiliminary report on distribution of the Tschego chimpanzee (Pan t. troglodytes) in the region of Lekoumou, Republic of Congo. African Study Monographs, 15(2):77-82.
Papers Ihobe, H. (1993) A preliminary study on distribution of chimpanzees in Region de Niari and Lékoumou, Congo. Primate Research 9(2): 119-124.
Papers Ihobe, H. (1995) The diurnal primate fauna and population densities of Tschego chimpanzees in southwestern Congo. African Study Monographs, 16(1):35-44.
Reports Mbe Mountains, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli Imong, I. & Okeke, F. (2009) Gorilla census of the Mbe mountains Community Wildlife Sanctuary, Cross River State, Nigeria, September 2009. Report to the WCS, Conservation Association of Mbe Mountains and Cross River State Forestry Commission.
Reports Nigeria, Cameroon, Great apes Imong, I. & Warren, I. (2008) Survey of gorillas and other large mammals of the Okwa-Obonyi trans-boundary area of Cross River National Park (Nigeria) and the proposed Takamanda National Park (Cameroon) Report. WCS, The ministry of forestry and wildlife, Cameroon, National Park Service, Nigeria. WWF, USFISH and Wildlife Service.
Reports Nigeria, Mbe mountains, Great apes Imong, I. (2005b) Gorilla Census of the Mbe Mountains. September 2005. Report NCF-WCS Biodiversity Research Proramme.
Reports Nigeria, Afi mountain, Gorilla gorilla diehli Imong, I. (2005b) Report of Afi mountain wildlife sanctuary gorilla census. March 2005. NCF-WCS Biodiversity Research programme, Calabar.
Reports Nigeria, Afi mountain, Gorilla gorilla diehli Imong, I. (2006a) Afi Mountain Wildlife sanctuary Gorilla Survey.January 2006. Report NCF-WCS Biodiversity Research Programme.
Reports Nigeria, Afi mountain, Gorilla gorilla diehli Imong, I. (2006b) Afi Mountain Wildlife sanctuary Gorilla Survey. June 2006. Report NCF-WCS Biodiversity Research Programme.
Reports Nigeria, Mbe mountains, Great apes Imong, I. (2006c) Gorilla monitoring in the Mbe mountains. Progress report: July 2005-June 2006. Report. NCF-WCS Biodiversity Research Programme.
Reports Nigeria, Mbe mountains, Great apes Imong, I. (2006d) Gorilla Survey of the Mbe Mountains. November 2006 - February 2007. Report to NCF-WCS Biodiversity Research Programme.
Reports Nigeria, Cross River Okwangwo Division, Great apes Imong, I. (2007a) A gorilla reconnaissance survey of the Boshi Forest area of Cross River National Park. Report WCS.
Reports Nigeria, Cross River Okwangwo Division, Great apes Imong, I. (2007b) Investigating Gorilla Poaching in the Kundeve II area of the Boshi Extension Forest,Cross River National Park. Report CRNP, WCS.
Reports Cross River, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli Imong, I. And Warren, Y. (2008) Survey of Gorillas and other large mammals in the Okwa-Obonyi trans-boundary area of Cross River National Park (Nigeria) and the proposed Takamanda National Park (Cameroon) Report to MINOF, NNPS, USFWS, WWF and WCS. Wildlife Conservation Society, Nigeria ad Cameroon.
Reports Nigeria, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli Imong, I. and Cohen, N. (2006) A gorilla survey of Kakwagom/Bitiah Irruan Farms and Community Forest, December 2006. Report WCS.
Reports Afi Mountain, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli Imong, I. and Dunn, A. (2005) Afi Mountain Wildlife Sanctuary Gorilla Survey. Report to NCF-WCS Nigeria.
Reports Afi River, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli Imong, I. and Wood K.L. (2008) Wildlife and Habitat Assessment Survey of the Afi River Forest Reserve, Cross River State, Nigeria February – April 2008. Report to WCS, FFI, Pandrillus, CRSFC and NCF.
Reports Cross River Okwangwo Division, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli Imong, I., Mengnjo, C. and Okeke, F. (2009) Gorilla census of Boshi extenction and Okwa Hills, Cross River national park, Nigeria. December 2009. Report to Cross River national park and the Wildlife Conservation Society, Nigeria.
Reports Afi Mountain, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli Imong, I., Wood, K. and Okeke, F. (2009) Great ape and drill survey of the Afi mountain wildlife sanctuary, Cross River State, Nigeria. Report to the Wildlife Conservation Society, Pandrillus and Cross River State Forestry Commission.
Papers Bonobos, Gorillas, Chimpanzees,Terrestrial Herbaceous Vegetation, Fruits abundance, Fruit Fall phenology Inogwabini, B. and Matungila, B.(2009)Bonobo Food Items, Food Availability and Bonobo Distribution in the Lake Tumba Swampy Forests, Democratic Republic of Congo. The Open Conservation Biology Journal,3:14-23
Papers Bonobo, chimpanzee, flooded forests, habitat use, swampy forests Inogwabini, B., Abokome, M.,Kamenge, T., Mbende, L. and Mboka,L. (2012) Preliminary bonobo and chimpanzee nesting by habitat type in the northern Lac Tumba Landscape, Democratic Republic of Congo. African Journal of Ecology 50: 285-298
Papers Inogwabini, B.I., Hall, J., Vedder, A., Curran, B., Yamagiwa, J. and Basabose, K.(2000) Status of large mammals in the mountain sector of Kahuzi-Biega National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo, in 1996. African Journal of Ecology, 38:269-276.
Papers Inogwabini, B.I., Matungila, B., Mbende, L., Abokome, M. and wa Tshimanga, T. (2007) Great apes in the Lake Tumba landscape, Democratic Republic of Congo: newly described populations.Oryx, 41(4), 532-538.
Action_Plans Bonobos, Bateke, Lake Tumba landscape, conservation Inogwabini, B.I., Nzala, A.B., Bokika, J.C. (2013) People and bonobos in the Southern Lake Tumba landscape, Democratic Republic of Congo. American Journal of Human Ecology 2: 44–53.
Papers Isabirye-Basuta, G. (2004) The status and distribution of primates in Mubende-Toro woodlands and forests. African Journal of Ecology,42:84-86.
Papers Iwata, Y. & Ando, C. (2007) Bed and bed-site reuse by western lowland gorillas (Gorilla g. gorilla) in Moukalaba-Doudou National Park, Gabon. Primates 48:77-80.
Reports western lowland gorillas, swamp forests,Batanga swamps, high densities of gorillas, Lac Tele Community Reserve (LTCR) Iyenguet, F.C., Madzoke, B., Twagirashyaka, F., Maisels,F.,Strindberg,S., Bomomo, V. and Elondza, D.E.(2012) Inventaire des Grands Mammifères et Activités Humaines dans la Batanga, Périphérie est de la Réserve Communautaire du Lac Télé, République du Congo. Unpublished report. Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) Congo.
Reports Impfondo, Swamp forest, Elephant,Great apes, Congo, Refugees Iyenguet, F.C., Malanga, G.F., Madzoke, B. and Twagirashyaka, F. (2008) Recensement et Distribution des Grands Mammifères et Activités Humaines dans la Zone Impfondo. Unpublished report. Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) Congo.
Papers Izawa, J. & Itani, J. (1966) Chimpanzees in Kasakati Basin, Tanganyika. (I) Ecological study in the rainy season 1963-64. Kyoto University African Studies, 1: 73-156.
Papers Izawa, J. (1970) Unit groups of chimpanzees and their nomadism in the savanna woodland. Primates, 11:1-46.
Reports Sierra Leone, Nationwide survey, Pan troglodytes verus JGI, Pro-Nature, HIS, Tacugama, TCSSL (2006) National Awareness Strategy Relating to Chimpanzee Protection and Conservation in Sierra Leone. Chimpanzee Conservation and Sesitization Program - CCSP Report.
Papers Bonobo, Distribution, Fragmentation, Habitat, Hunting, IUCN/SSC A.P.E.S. database, Pan paniscus Jena R. Hickey, Janet Nackoney, Nathan P. Nibbelink, Stephen Blake, Aime Bonyenge, Sally Coxe, Jef Dupain, Maurice Emetshu, Takeshi Furuichi, Falk Grossmann, Patrick Guislain, John Hart, Chie Hashimoto, Bernard Ikembelo, Omari Ilambu, Bila-Isia Inogwabini, Innocent Liengola, Albert Lotana Lokasola, Alain Lushimba, Fiona Maisels, Joel Masselink, Valentin Mbenzo, Norbert Mbangia Mulavwa, Pascal Naky, Nicolas Mwanza Ndunda, Pele Nkumu, Valentin Omasombo, Gay Edwards Reinartz, Robert Rose, Tetsuya Sakamaki, Samantha Strindberg, Hiroyuki Takemoto, Ashley Vosper, Hjalmar S. Kühl (2013). Human proximity and habitat fragmentation are key drivers of the rangewide bonobo distribution. Biodiversity and Conservation 22:13-14: DOI: 10.1007/s10531-013-0572-7
Papers Jones, C. and Sabater Pi, J. (1971) Comparative Ecology of Gorilla gorilla (Savage and Wyman) and Pan troglodytes (Blumenbach) in Rio Muni, West Africa. Bibliotheca Primatologica, No.13. Basel: S. Karger.
Papers Bonobo, Chimpanzee, Distribution, Gorilla, IUCN/SSC A.P.E.S. database, Logistic regression, spatial model Junker, J., Blake, S., Boesch, C., Campbell, G., Toit, L. d., Duvall, C., Ekobo, A., Etoga, G., Galat-Luong, A., Gamys, J., Ganas-Swaray, J., Gatti, S., Ghiurghi, A., Granier, N., Hart, J., Head, J., Herbinger, I., Hicks, T. C., Huijbregts, B., Imong, I. S., Kuempel, N., Lahm, S., Lindsell, J., Maisels, F., McLennan, M., Martinez, L., Morgan, B., Morgan, D., Mulindahabi, F., Mundry, R., N'Goran, K. P., Normand, E., Ntongho, A., Okon, D. T., Petre, C.-A., Plumptre, A., Rainey, H., Regnaut, S., Sanz, C., Stokes, E., Tondossama, A., Tranquilli, S., Sunderland-Groves, J., Walsh, P., Warren, Y., Williamson, E. A., Kuehl, H. S. (2012), Recent decline in suitable environmental conditions for African great apes. Diversity and Distributions, 18: 1077–1091. doi: 10.1111/ddi.12005
Papers Orang-utan, Density, Sumatra, Selective logging, Fruit availability, Seasonal movements,Food attraction hypothesis KNOP, E., WARD, P.I. and WICH, S.A. (2004) A comparison of orangutan density in a logged and unlogged forest on Sumatra. Biological Conservation, 120: 187–192.
Reports Biomonitoring, mammals, wildlife, chimpanzees, hunting, poaching KOUAKOU et al. 2014. Biomonitoring in the Proposed Grebo National Park, Liberia: REPORT ON PHASE 1 IN THE PROPOSED GREBO NATIONAL PARK(February-July 2014).Wild Chimpanzee Foundation (WCF) in collaboration with Forestry Development Authority (FDA), Liberia.
Papers Kabasawa, A. (2009) Current State of the Chimpanzee pet trade in Sierra Leone. African Study Monographs, 30(1): 37-54.
Papers Kakule Vwirasihikya, P. & Matsitsi, D.S. (2003) Census in Tayna Gorilla Reserve. Gorilla Journal 26,9.
Papers Kalpers, J., Williamson, E., Robbins, M., Mc Neilage, A., Nzamurambaho, A., Lola, N. and Mugiri, G. (2003) Gorillas in the crossfire: population dynamics of the Virunga mounatin gorillas over the past three decades. Oryx, 37(3):326-337.
Papers Kano, T. & Asato, R. (1994) Hunting pressure on chimpanzees and gorillas in the Motaba River Area, North Eastern Congo. African Study Monographs, 15(3): 143-162.
Papers Kano, T. (1971a) The chimpanzee of Filabanga, Western Tanzania. Primates 12: 229-246.
Papers Kano, T. (1971b) Distribution and adaptation of the chimpanzee on the eastern shore of Lake Tanganyika. Kyoto University African Studies 7: 37-129.
Papers Kano, T. (1971b) Distribution of primates on the eastern shore of Lake Tanganyika. Primates. 12: 281-304.
Papers Kano, T. (1972) Distribution and adaptation of the chimpanzee on the eastern shore of Lake Tanganyika. Kyoto University African Studies 7: 37-129.
Papers Kano, T. (1983) An ecological study of the Pygmy Chimpanzees (Pan paniscus) of Yalosidi, Republic of Zaire. International Journal of Primatology, 4 (1) 1-31.
Papers Kano, T., Ogawa, H., Asato, R. & Kanamori, M. (1999) Distribution and density of wild chimpanzees on the northwestern bank of the Malagarasi river, Tanzania. Primate Research 15: 153-162.
Book himpanzees, Grauer's gorilla, Blue Monkeys,Wild Bonobos, Kappeler, M.L. and Watts,D (2012) Long term field studies of Primates. Sringer Verlag 2012.
Book Tanzania, Kabogo, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii Kawamura, S. & Itani, J. (1965) Monkeys and Apes. Chuokoron-sha, Tokyo.
Papers Kayumbo, H. (na) Chimpanzee: In the wild Mahale Mountains National Park. Kakauona, 23:28-32.
Reports Sudan, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Kenyi, J.M. (1988) Current Status of the Most Important Wildlife Species and Varoius Fauna in Bengagai Game Reserve, Western Equatoria Province, Sudan. Report to Wildlife Conservation and National Parks Forces.
Reports Sierra Leone, Gola, Pan troglodytes verus Klop, E., Lindsell, J. and Siaka, A. (2008) Biodiversity of Gola forest, Sierra Leone. Report RSPB.
Papers Koops, K., Hulme, T., Sterck, E.H. And Matsuzawa, T. (2007) Ground-nesting by the chimpanzee of the Nimba Mountains, Guinea: environmentally or socially determined? American Journal of Primatology, 69: 407-419.
Papers Chimpanzee, Mosquitoes,Nest-building,Predation, Thermoregulation Koops, K., McGrew, W.C.,De Vries, H. & Matsuzawa, T. (2011) Nest-Building by Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) at Seringbara, Nimba Mountains: Antipredation, Thermoregulation,and Antivector Hypotheses. Int J Primatol DOI 10.1007/s10764-012-9585-4
Reports Guinea, Pan troglodytes verus Kormos, R. (2009) Critical Habitat Assessment Report (CHAR), Guinea Alumina Corporation.
Action_Plans Action Plan, Pan troglodytes verus Kormos, R., Boesch, C. (2003) Regional Action Plan for the Conservation of Chimpanzees in West Africa. IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group and Conservation International, Washington, DC.
Action_Plans Plan d'action, Pan troglodytes verus Kormos, R., Boesch, C., Bakarr, M. I., Butynski, T. (2004) Chimpanzés d’Afrique de l’Ouest. Etat de Conservation de l’Espèce et Plan d’Action. UICN, Gland, Suisse et Cambrigde, Royaume-Uni
Reports Afi Mountain, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli Kortenhoven, A. (2001) Technical report of the research coordinator, August to December 2001. Report CUNY/WCS.
Reports Afi Mountain, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli Kortenhoven, A. (2002a) Census of Afi Gorillas- March 12-May3, 2002. Report to the Afi Mountain Partnership. Report WCS.
Reports Afi Mountain, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli Kortenhoven, A. (2002b) Technical report of the research coordinator, December 2001 to June 2002. Report WCS.
Reports Sierra Leone, Loma mountains, Pan troglodytes verus Kortenhoven, A. (2008) Loma Mountain Biodiversity Survey February - March 2008: Status and Diversity of Large Mammals in the Loma Mountains Non-Hunting Forest Reserve.
Papers Kortlandt (1962) Chimpanzees in the wild. Scientific American, 206:128-138.
Proceedings African great apes Kortlandt, A. And Van Zon, J.C.J. (1969) The present state of research on the dehumanization hypothesis of African ape evolution. In Proceedings of the Second International Congress of Primatology Atlanta, GA. 1968, vol3 Neurology, Physiology and Infections Diseases. S. Karger, Basel, Switzerland
Papers Koruda, S. (1979) Social grouping of the pygmy chimpanzees. Primates 20: 161-183.
Papers Kouakou, C., Boesch, C. and Kuehl, H.S. (2011) Identifying hotspots of chimpanzee group activity from transect surveys in Tai National Park, Cote d'Ivoire. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 27:621-630.
Papers Kumpel, N.F, Milner-Gulland, E.J., Rowcliffe, M.J. & Cowlishaw, G. (2008) Impact of gun-hunting on diurnal primates in continental Equatorial Guinea. International Journal Primatology, 29(4), 1065-1082.
Thesis Equatorial Guinea, Gorilla, Chimpanzee Kumpel, N.F. (2006) Incentives for sustainable hunting of bushmeat in Rio Muni, Equatorial Guinea. PhD Thesis, Imperial College London, University of London, UK.
Papers Lamotte, M. cited in Kortlandt (1962) Chimpanzees in the wild. Scientific American, 206:128-138.
Reports Equatorila Guinea, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii, gorilla gorilla gorilla Larison, B., Smith, T., Girman, D., Stauffer, D., Mila, D., Drewes, R., Griswold, C., Vindum, J., Ubick, D., Keefe, K., Nguema, J., and Henwood, L. (1999) Biotic surveys of Bioko and Rio Muni, Equatorial Guinea. Report to Biodiversity Support Program.
Action_Plans Pongara National Park, Pan troglodytes troglodytes Latour, S. (2006) Recensement des éléphants et de grands singes dans la région du parc national de Pongara (Gabon). WCS/ Espèces Phares, Libreville.
Reports Great apes, nest count, Gorilla, chimpanzee, Elephants, line transects, Dja Reserve Latour, S. (2010) Réserve de Faune du Dja. Evaluation du statut des grands singes.Groupement BRL Ingénierie -SECA/GFA/DFS. 68pp.
Papers Laurance, W., Croes, B., Tchignoumba, L., Lahm, S., Alonso, A., Lee, M., Campbell, P., Ondzeano, C., (2006) Impacts of Roads and Hunting on Central African Rain Forest Mammals. Conservation Biology 20 (4): 1251-1261.
Thesis Cameroon, Logging concession, Chimpanzee Lecointre, A. (2006) Evolution du potentiel faunique et des pressions anthropiques dans le terroir de chasse de trois villages situes a la peripherie nord de la Reserve de Biosphere du Dja. MSc Dissertaton Universite de Poters.
Book Western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla), Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes troglodytes) Lee, M.E., A. Alonso, F. Dallmeier, P. Campbell and O.S.G. Pauwels. 2006. The Gamba Complex of Protected Areas: an illustration of Gabon’s biodiversity. In: Alonso, A., M.E. Lee, P. Campbell,O.S.G. Pauwels and F. Dallmeier, eds., Gamba,Gabon: Biodiversity of an Equatorial African Rainforest. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington, No. 12.
Book Pan troglodytes troglodytes, Pan troglodytes verus Lee, P.C., Thornback, J. and Bennett, E.L. (1988) Threatened Primates of Africa. The IUCN Red Data Book. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
Book Pan troglodyte verus subspecies, extinct,Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Burkina, Togo, Benin, western Nigeria (lokk at page 107). Lee, P.C., Thornback, J. and Bennett, E.L. (1988) Threatened Primates of Africa. The IUCN Red Data Book. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
Reports Democratic Republic of Congo, Salonga National Park, Pan paniscus Liengola, I., Maisels, F., Nkumu, P. & Bonyenge, A. (2010) Conserving bonobos in the Lokofa Block of the Salonga National Park, Democratic Republic Congo. Report WCS
Reports Democratic Republic of Congo, Sankuru Natural Reserve, Bonobo conservation Liengola, I., Vosper, A., Maisels, F., Bonyenge, A. and Nkumu, P. (2009) Conserving bonobos in the last unexplored forest of the Democratic Republic of Congo the Tshuapa-Lomami-Lualaba landscape. Unpublished report. Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS)
Papers Detection probability; Genetic census; Genotyping; Noninvasive samples Linda Vigilant, Maryke Gray, Edward Wright, Raymond Kato, Peter Kabano, Augustin Basabose, Emmanuel Tibenda, Hjalmar S. Kühl, Martha M. Robbins (2014). Challenges in the use of genetic mark-recapture to estimate the population size of Bwindi mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei bereingei). Biological Conservation 180.
Thesis Cameroon, Pan troglodytes, Korup Linder, J. (2008) The impact of hunting on primates in Korup National Park, Cameroon: implications for primate conservation. PhD thesis.Graduate Faculty in Anthropology, The City University of New York.
Papers Lwanga, J. S. (2006) Spatial Distributon of primates in a mosaic of colonizing and old growth forest at Ngogo, Kibale National Park. Primates 47:230-238.
Papers Red colobus, Chimpanzee predation, Population dynamics,community ecology, Kibale National Park Lwanga, J.S., Struhsaker, T.T., Struhsaker, P.J., Butynski, T.M. and Mitani, J.C. (2011) Primate population Dynamics over 32.9 years at Ngogo, Kibale National Park, Uganda. American Journal of primatology, 73:997-1011
Papers Lwanga, J.S., Struhsaker, T.T., Struhsaker, P.J., Butynski, T.M. and Mitani, J.C. (2011) Primate population Dynamics over 32.9 years at Ngogo, Kibale National Park, Uganda. American Journal of primatology, 73:997-1011
Papers Lyon, L. (1975) The saving of the gorilla. Africana, 5(9): 11-23.
Reports Réserve de Biosphère du Dja, éléphants, chimpanzés, gorilles, braconnage, pression démographique MINFOF/UICN (2015). Caractérisation de la population de grands et moyens mammifères dans la Reserve de Faune du Dja: Potentiel et menaces, Yaoundé, Cameroun: 54 pages + Annexes.
Book Democratic Republic Congo, Kahuzi Biega, Gorilla gorilla beringei MacKinnon, J. (1978) The Ape within us. William Collins Sons, London.
Papers Magliocca, F., Querouil, S. and Gautier-Hion, A. (1999) Population structure and group composition of western lowland gorillas in north- western Republic of Congo. American Journal of Primatology, 48:1-14.
Reports Cameroon, ZICGC, Great apes Mahop J.P. (2007) Densite, abondance et distribution spatio temporelledes grands et moyensmammiferes diurnes dans la ZIGC 9. Report WWF
Action_Plans Gabon, Great apes, Pan troglodytes troglodytes and Gorilla gorilla gorilla Maisels, F. and Akou, M.E. (2013) Mwagne National Park: Report on survey transects 2012.Unpublished report
Reports Cameroon, Mbam Djerem, Pan troglodytes Maisels, F. (2003) Mbam Djerem National Park. Conservation Status, October 2003. Large mammals and human impact. Final Report WCS-Cameroon.
Papers Maisels, F. (2004a) Cameroun: Mbam Djerem. CANOPEE: 27.
Reports Cameroon, Mbam Djerem, Pan troglodytes Maisels, F. (2004b) Mbam Djerem National Park, Cameroon: at the forest´s edge. Report WCS.
Reports Mwagne, Pan troglodytes troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla gorilla Maisels, F. (2004c) Mwagne National Park, Gabon, Trip report, Nov-Dec 2004, large mammals and human impact. Report WCS.
Reports Gabon, Loango National Park, Line transects Maisels, F. (2008)Loango National Park: Nord et Sud. Densités des nids de grands singes et crottes d'elephants et des Céphalophes de moyenne taille.
Reports Conkouati Douli, Pan troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla Maisels, F. and Cruickshank, A. (1996) Inventory and census of the large mammals of the Conkouati Reserve, Republic of Congo. Report IUCN.
Reports Conkouati Douli, Pan troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla Maisels, F. and Onononga, J. (2000) Conkouati-Douli National Park—Conservation Status, Jan/Feb 2000 Large Mammals and Human Impact. Report WCS.
Reports Cameroon, Pan troglodytes vellerosus Maisels, F., Ekobo, A. (2007) Wildlife and human impact monitoring in Korup,Takamanda and Mount Cameroon. Report to WCS and WWF.
Reports Cameroon, Mbam Djerem, Pan troglodytes Maisels, F., Fotso, R.C. & Hoile, D. (2000) Mbam Djerem National Park. Conservation Status, March 2000. Large mammals and human impact. Final report WCS-Cameroon.
Reports Ivindo National Park, Pan troglodytes troglodytes and Gorilla gorilla gorilla Maisels, F., Motsaba, P. and Aba’a, R. (2010) Great ape and human impact monitoring in the Ivindo Landscape, Gabon. Final report, second cycle of monitoring in the Park and southern buffer zone. Final report to USFWS.
Reports Western lowland gorillas, chimpanzees, forest elephant, line transect, Ndoki Likouala,Northern Congo Maisels, F., Nishihara, T., Strindberg, S. et al. (2012)Great ape and human impact monitoring training, surveys and protection in the Ndoki-Likouala Landscape, Republic of Congo.Final report.Unpublished report. Wildlife Conservation Society-Congo (WCS-Congo).
Reports Democratic Republic of Congo, Salonga National Park, Pan paniscus Maisels, F., Nkumu, P. and Bonyenge, A. (2009) Salonga National Park, DRC. Terrestrial Wildlife and Human Impact Monitoring Programme. Survey Report - Salonga Corridor. Report WCS
Reports Democratic Republic of Congo, Salonga National Park, Pan paniscus Maisels, F., Nkumu, P. and Bonyenge, A. (2010) Salonga National Park, DRC. Terrestrial Wildlife and Human Impact Monitoring Programme. Survey -Eastern sector of Park. Report WCS
Reports Deng Deng National Park, Chimpanzee, Gorilla, Elephants, Ape density, line transect. Maisels, F., Strindberg, S., Ambahe, R. et al. (2013) Deng Deng National Park and UFA 10–065, Republic of Cameroon. Wildlife and Human Impact Survey 2012. Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS).
Reports Odzala‐Kokoua National Park,Line transects,Great apes decline Maisels, F., Strindberg, S., Kiminou, F., Ndzai, C., Ngounga, R., Okondza, A., Malanda, G., Suraud, J.‐P., le Flohic, G., Yaba‐Ngouma, S., Lepale, A., Lepale, J.‐B., Ngouma, S., Dzanga, M., Ekoko‐Mboungou, D., Lamprecht, L., 2013. Wildlife and Human Impact Survey 2012, and monitoring 2005‐2008‐2012. Odzala‐Kokoua National Park, Republic of Congo, p. 48. Fondation Odzala‐Kokoua/ WCS.
Action_Plans Waka-Lope corridor, Pan troglodytes troglodytes and Gorilla gorilla gorilla Maisels,F., Abitsi, G. and Bezangoye, A. (2008) Great ape and human impact monitoring in the Lopé-Waka Exceptional Priority Area, Gabon. Part 2 : The Lopé-Waka Corridor. Report to USFWS. WCS Gabon.
Reports NA Makana,J-R., Madidi, J, Vyahavwa, C., Maisels,F., Masselink,J., Vosper, A. (2012)Preliminary Surveys of Chimpanzees in Eastern Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of Congo. Final report to USFWS. Wildlife Conservation Survey.
Reports Pan troglodytes troglodytes Makaya, Q.P (2009) Monitoring écologique des grands mammifères terrestres et l’impact anthropique dans le Parc National de Mayumba, Gabon. Rapport final. WCS Mayumba.
Reports Great apes, Recces, Conservation Makaya, Q.P (2010) Monitoring écologique des grands mammifères terrestres et l’impact anthropique dans le Parc National de Mayumba, Gabon - Rapport final. WCS Mayumba.
Reports Great apes, hunting, poaching Makaya, Q.P (2010) Monitoring écologique des grands mammifères terrestres et l’impact anthropique dans le Parc National de Mayumba, Gabon - Rapport final. WCS Mayumba.
Reports Bush meat, great apes, mammals, Elephant, Gorilla, Chimpanzees Malanda, G., Iyenguet, F. and Madzoke, B. and Twagirashyaka, F. (2009). Inventaire et Distribution des Grands Mammifères et Activités Humaines dans la Zone Tanga. Unpublished report. Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) Congo.
Action_Plans Gorilla beringei graueri,Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii Maldonado, O., Aveling, C., Cox, D., Nixon, S., Nishuli, R., Merlo, D., Pintea, L. & Williamson, E.A. (2012). Grauer’s Gorillas and Chimpanzees in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (Kahuzi-Biega, Maiko, Tayna and Itombwe Landscape): Conservation Action Plan 2012–2022. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group, Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation & Tourism, Institut Congolais pour la Conservation de la Nature & the Jane Goodall Institute. 66pp.
Thesis Democratic Republic of Congo, Lomako, Pan paniscus Malenki, R.K. (1990) Ecological factors affecting food choice and social organization in Pan paniscus. PhD dissertation. State University of New York at Stony Brook.
Papers Marchesi, P., Marchesi, N., Fruth, B. and Boesch, C. (1995) Census and distribution of chimpanzees in Cote d'Ivoire. Primates, 36(4):591-607.
Thesis Rwanda, Nyungwe, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii Masozera, M. K. (2002) Socio-economic impact analysis of the conservation of the Nyungwe Forest Reserve, Rwanda. MSc thesis, University of Florida.
Papers Massawe, E. (1992) Assessment of the status of chimpanzee populations in western Tanzania. African Study Monographs, 13(1):35-55.
Book Chimpanzee, Guinea, Long-term research Matsuzawa, T., Hulme, T. and Sugiyama, Y. (2011) The chimpanzee of Bossou and Nimba. Primatology Monographs, 0 (VI): 301-312
Papers Matsuzawa, T., Takemoto, H., Hayakawa, S. and Shimada, M. (1999) Diecke Forest in Guinea. Pan Africa News, 6(1).
Reports Campo Ma'an, Pan troglodytes troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla gorila Matthews, A. & Matthews A. (1999) Primate Populations in the Campo Ma´an Area Southwest Cameroon. Report to Trobenbos Foundation on a consultancy carried out in Cameroon. Institut fur Anthropologie and Humanbiologie Freie Universitat Berlin. November 1999.
Reports Campo Ma'an, Pan troglodytes troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla gorila Matthews, A. & Matthews, A. (2000) Primate populations and inventory of large and medium sized mammals in the Campo Ma-an project area, Southwest Cameroon including management reccomendations. Report to Tropenbos Foundation on a consultancy carried out in Cameroon: 146 p.
Papers Matthews, A. & Matthews, A. (2004) Survey of gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes troglodytes) in Southwestern Cameroon. Primates, 45:15-24.
Papers Matthews, A. & Matthews, A. (2006) Inventory of large and medium-sized mammals in south-western Cameroon. Mammalia, Vol.70, 3-4: 276-287.
Papers Cameroon, Chimpanzee, Density, Gorilla, Hunting, Logging Matthews, A. and Matthews, A. (2004) Survey of gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes troglodytes) in Southwestern Cameroon. Primates, 45:15-24.
Papers Mbake, S. (1998) Progress at the Kahuzi-Biega National Park. Gorilla Journal, 16.
Reports Itombwe, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii, Gorilla gorilla graueri Mbayana, A.G. (2004) Rapport de Mission effectuee au Massif d´Itombwe. ICCN-GEF/PNUD-BM.
Reports Cameroon, Pan troglodytes vellerosus Mboh, H. (2005) Preliminary ape survey around Balikumbat-Awing forest, Ngoketunua division, north West Province, Cameroon. Report WCS.
Papers Habitat fragmentation, Genetic census, Ecological corridor, Chimpanzee Population estimate, Pan troglodytes, Mark recapture McCarthy,M.S, Lester,J.D., Howe,E.J., Arandjelovic,M., Stanford,C.B., Vigilant,L. (2015) Genetic censusing identifies an unexpectedly sizeable population of an endangered large mammal in a fragmented forest landscape BMC Ecology, 2015, Volume 15, Number 1, Page 1
Reports Ghana, Forest Reserves, Pan troglodytes verus McCullough, J., Decher, J. and Guba Kpelle, D. (2005) A biological Assessment of the terrestrial ecosystems of Draw River, Boi-Tano, Tano Nimiri and Krokosua Hills forest reserves, southwestern Ghana. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 36. Conservation International, Washington, DC.
Reports Nigeria, Afi mountain, Gorilla gorilla diehli McFarland, K.L. (1999) Census of Afi Gorillas- February-March 1999. Report to the Afi Mountain Partnership.
Thesis Nigeria, Gorilla McFarland, K.L. (2007) Ecology of Cross River Gorillas on Afi Mountains, Cross River State, Nigeria. PhD Thesis, The City University of New York.
Papers McGraw, WS., Monah, IT., Abedy-Lartey, M. (1997) Survey of endangered primates in the forest reserves of eastern Cote d'Ivoire. African Primtes, 3:22-25.
Papers McGrew, W., Baldwin, P. and Tutin, C. (1981) Chimpanzees in a hot, dry and open habitat: Mt Assirik, Senegal, West Africa. Journal of Human Evolution, 10:227-244.
Book Chimpanzee, Gorilla, Bonobo McGrew, W.C. L.F.Marchant and T. Nishida (1996) Great Ape Societies. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Papers McLennan, M.R. (2008) Beleaguered chimpanzees in the agricultural district of Hoima, Western Uganda. Primate Conservation 23:45-54.
Papers Bulindi forest, chimpanzees, conservation, diversity McLennan, M.R. and Plumptre, A.J. 2012. Protected apes, unprotected forest: Composition, structure and diversity of riverine forest fragments and their conservation value in Uganda. Tropical Conservation Science, 5(1), 79-103.
Reports Uganda, Bwindi, Gorilla gorilla beringei McNeilage, A, Robbins, M. M., Gushanski, K., Gray, M., Kagoda, E. (2006) Mountain Gorilla Census, 2006. Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. Summary Report. Joint organizers' report ITFC/WCS/MPI/IGCP/UWA.
Thesis Democratic Republic of Congo, Virunga, Gorilla gorilla beringei McNeilage, A. (1995) Mountain gorillas in the Virunga Volcanoes: ecology and carrying capacity. PhD Thesis, University of Bristol.
Reports Uganda, Bwindi, Gorilla gorilla beringei McNeilage, A., Plumptre, A., Brock-Doyle, A. and Vedder, A. (1998) Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda: gorilla and large mammal census, 1997. WCS working paper, 14.52 pp
Papers McNeilage, A., Plumptre, A., Brock-Doyle, A. and Vedder, A. (2001) Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda: gorilla census 1997. Oryx , 35(1):39-47.
Papers McNeilage, A., Robbins, M.M., Gray, M., Olup, W., Babaasa, D., Bitariho, R., Kasangaki, A., Rainer, H., Asuma, S., Mugiri, G., Baker, J. (2006) Census of the mountain gorilla population in Bwindi Impenetrable National park, Uganda. Oryx 40: 419-427.
Papers Meder, A., Burgel, P. and Boesch, C. (1988) Pan paniscus in Salonga National Park. Primate Conservation 9: 110-111.
Papers Mehlmann, P. and Doran, D. (2002) Influencing western gorilla nest construction at Mondika Research Center. International Journal of Primatology, 23(6):1257-1285.
Papers Bornean orangutans,Conservation science, Data acquisition, Ecological economics, Orangutans, Questionnaires, Species delimitation,Surveys Meijaard, E., Mengersen, K., Buchori, D., Nurcahyo, A., Ancrenaz, M., et al. (2011) Why Don't We Ask? A Complementary Method for Assessing the Status of Great Apes. PLoS ONE 6(3): e18008. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0018008
Papers orangutan, Indonesia Meijaard,E. and Wich,S.(2007)Putting orang-utan population trends into perspective. Current Biology 17
Reports Cameroon, ZICGC, Great apes Mendomo Biang, J.D. & Nzooh Ndongmo, Z. (2007) Evalutation des potentialites fauniques dans les ZIC GC 01 & 08, releve des pistes et formation des membres du COVAREF 1 aux methodes simples de suivi de la faune dans leur ZICGC. Rapport Faune ZIC CG 01. Rapport WWF-GTZ
Reports Cameroon, ZICGC, Great apes Mengamenya, A.G. & Nzooh Dongmo Z-L. (2007) Caracterisation de la grande et moyenne faune mammalienne dans la ZICGC no 3 assise sur l´UFA 10-063: Potentiel et menaces. Rapport WWF-GTZ
Papers Mitani, J.C., Struhsaker, T.T. And Lwanga, J.S. (2000) Primate community dynamics in old growth forest over 23.5 years at Ngogo, Kibale national park, Uganda: implications for conservation and census methods. International Journal of Primatology 21, 269-286.
Papers Mitani, M, Yamagiwa, J., Oko, R.A., Moutsambote, J.M., Yumoto, T. and Maruhashi, T. (1993) Approaches in density estimates and reconstruction of social groups in a western lowland gorilla population in the Ndoki forest, Nothern Congo. Tropics 2(4):219-229.
Papers Mitani, M. (1990) A note on the present situation of primate fauna found from south-eastern Cameroon to northern Congo. Primates, 31(4):625-634.
Proceedings Central africa, Great apes, IPS 1990 Mitani, M. (1991) Present situation of primate fauna found in Northern Congo and in Southeastern Cameroon in the Central Africa. Primatology today. In Proceedings of the XIIIth Congress of the International Primatology Society Nagoya and Kyoto, 18-24 July 1990.
Papers Mitani, M. (1992) Preliminary results of the studies on wild western lowland gorillas and other sympatric diurnal primates in the Ndoki Forest, Northern Congo. In: Topics in Primatology. Vol. 2, Behavior, Ecology and Conservation, pp. 214-224, University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo.
Papers NA Mitchell MW, Locatelli S, Clee PRS, Thomassen HA and Gonder MK. 2015. Environmental variation and rivers govern the structure of chimpanzee genetic diversity in a biodiversity hotspot.BMC Evolutionary Biology, 15:1 doi:10.1186/s12862-014-0274-0
Reports Ghana, Bonsam-Bepo, Pan troglodytes verus Mombu, V.M., Adjewodah, P., Akom, E., Yelibora, M.A., Oppong, J. and Bewong, D. (2008) Ecology and conservation of the white-necked rockfowl. Report NCRC.
Papers Monard, A. (1940) Resultats de la mission scientifique du Mr Monard en Guinee Portugaise 1937-1938 I. Primates Aquivos do Museu Bocage 9: 121-149.
Papers population estimate, chimpanzees, genetic capture–recapture, spatially explicit capture–recapture, population density,conservation, Tanzania Moore, D. L. and Vigilant, L. (2014), A population estimate of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) in the Ugalla region using standard and spatially explicit genetic capture–recapture methods. Am. J. Primatol., 76: 335–346. doi: 10.1002/ajp.22237
Papers Moore, J. (1985) Chimpanzee survey in Mali, West Africa. Primate Conservation, 6:59-63.
Reports Tanzania, Ugalla, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Moore, J. (1986) Arid chimp survey, Ugalla (Tanzania), Nov. 1-5, 1985. Report to the L.S.B. Leakey Foundation.
Papers Morgan, B. (2004) The Gorillas of the Ebo Forest, Cameroon. Gorilla Journal, 28.
Papers Ebo forest, Gorilla gorilla gorilla, Morgan, B. (2004) The Gorillas of the Ebo Forest, Cameroon. Gorilla Journal, 28.
Papers Biomass, censusing, density, Gabon, mammals, rain forest Morgan, B. J. (2007) Group size, density and biomass of large mammals in the Reserve de Faune du Petit Loango, Gabon. African Journal of Ecology 45(4): 508-518.
Action_Plans Action Plan, Nigeria-Cameroon, Chimpanze Morgan, B., Adeleke, A., Bassey, T., Bergl, R., Dunn, A., Fotso, R., Gadsby, E., Gonder, K., Greengrass, E., Kotou Koulagna, D., Mbah, G., Nicholas, A., Oates, J., Omeni, F., Saidu, Y., Sommer, V., Sunderland-Groves, J., Tiebou, J., and Williamson, L. (2011) Plan d'action regional pour la conservation du chimpanze' du Nigeria-Cameroon (Pan troglodytes ellioti). Groupe de spécialistes des primates de la CSE/UICN et Zoological Society of San Diego, CA, USA.
Action_Plans Action Plan, Nigeria-Cameroon, Chimpanze Morgan, B., Adeleke, A., Bassey, T., Bergl, R., Dunn, A., Fotso, R., Gadsby, E., Gonder, K., Greengrass, E., Kotou Koulagna, D., Mbah, G., Nicholas, A., Oates, J., Omeni, F., Saidu, Y., Sommer, V., Sunderland-Groves, J., Tiebou, J., and Williamson, L. (2011) Regional Action Plan for the Conservation of the Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes ellioti). IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group and Zoological Society of San Diego, CA, USA.
Papers Morgan, B., Wild, C., and Ekobo, A. (2003) Newly discovered gorilla population in the Ebo forest, Littoral Province, Cameroon. International Journal of Primatology, 24(5): 1129-1137.
Papers Morgan, D. & Sanz, C. (2003) Naive encounters with chimpanzees in the Goualougo Triangle, Republic of Congo. International Journal of Primatology, 24(2): 369-381.
Papers Morgan, D., Sanz, C., Onononga, J. and Strindberg, S. (2006) Ape abundance and habitat use in the Goualougo Triangle, Republic of Congo. International Journal of Primatology, 27(1):147-179.
Reports Sudan, Nimule National Park, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Morjan, M., Ojok, L. and Maker, J. (2002) A pilot survey of Nimule National Pak of new Sudan. Report New Sudan Wildlife Society.
Reports Gabon, Ivindo National Park, Pan troglodytes troglodytes and Gorilla gorilla gorilla Motsaba, P., Tezi, J.P., Aba’a, R. and Maisels, F. (2009) Recensement des grands mammifères et des impacts humains au Parc national d’Ivindo. Cycle de Monitoring II. Unpublished report. Parcs Gabon and WCS.
Reports Tanzania, Mahale National Park, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Moyer, D., Plumptre, A.J., Kamenya, S., Athumani, S. And Sikombe, S. (2006) Surveys of chimpazees East of Mahale Mountains National Park. In: in Moyer, D., Plumptre, A.J., Pintea, L., Hernandez-Aguilar, A., Moore, J., Stewart, F., Davenport, T.R.B., Piel, A., Kamenya, S., Mugabe, H., Mpunga, N. and Mwangoka, M. (2006) Surveys of chimpanzees and other biodiversity in Western Tanzania. The Jane Goodall Institute Report, WCS. Chapter 3, 20-23.
Reports Tanzania, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Moyer, D., Plumptre, A.J., Pintea, L., Hernandez-Aguilar, A., Moore, J., Stewart, F., Davenport, T.R.B., Piel, A., Kamenya, S., Mugabe, H., Mpunga, N. and Mwangoka, M. (2006) Surveys of chimpanzees and other biodiversity in Western Tanzania. The Jane Goodall Institute Report, WCS.
Reports Uganda, Western Africa, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Moyer, D., Plumptre, A.J., Pintea, L., Hernandez-Aguilar, A., Moore, J., Stewart, F., Davenport, T.R.B., Piel, A., Kamenya, S., Mugabe, H., Mpunga, N. and Mwangoka, M. (2006) Surveys of chimpanzees and other biodiversity in Western Tanzania. The Jane Goodall Institute Report, WCS. Chapter 3, 20-23.
Reports Tanzania, Mahale National Park, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Moyer, D.C. (2005) The biodiversity of Mahale Mountains National Park. Report to the Mahale Ecosystem Management Project (MEMP), WCS Tanzania program.
Reports Itombwe, Chimpanzee, Gorilla Mubalama, K.L. (2005) Itombwe Technical Survey Report WCS.
Papers Mubalama, K.L., Atalia, G.M., Mitamba, G. And Wilondja, B. (2008) Utiliser le SIG pour acceder aux informations sur le statut et la conservation des gros mammiferes dans le Paysage de Conservation du Massif d´Itombwe en Republique Democratique du Congo. Nature & Faune, vol.23, no1, 46-53.
Reports Dja, Pan troglodytes troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla gorilla Muchaal, P.K. & Ngandjui, G. (1995) Wildlife populations in the western Dja Reserve (Cameroon) as assessment of the impact of village hunting and alternatives for sustainable utilisation.Final Report, march 1995. Republic of Cameroon, Ministry of environment and Forests. MINEF-ECOFAC- Cameroon Project finaced by the European Development Fund.
Reports Cameroon, Logging concession, Pan troglodytes Muhlenberg, M., Slowik, J. And Steinhauer-Burkart, B. (1997) Development of a Biomonitoring Concept for the timber concession MPL and CAFECI in the Korup Project Area. Korup National Park. Report GTZ.
Papers chimpanzees,gorillas,Río Muni,hunting, conservation Murai, M., Ruffler, H., Berlemont, A., Campbell, G., Esono, F., et al. (2013) Priority Areas for Large Mammal Conservation in Equatorial Guinea. PLoS ONE 8(9):e75024. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0075024
Papers Murnyak, D. (1981) Censusing the gorillas in the Kahuzi-Biega National Park. Biological Conservation, 21:163-176.
Papers Mwanza, N. and Yamagiwa, J. (1989) A note on distribution of primates between the Zaire-Lualaba River and the African Rift Valley. Grant in Aid for Overseas Scientific Research Report: Interspecies Relationships of Primates in the Tropical and Montane Forest, 1:41-51.
Papers Mwanza, N., Mulavwa, M., Mola, I., Yangozene, K. (2003) Confirmation of bonobo population around Lac Tumba. Pan Africa News 10:2.
Papers Mwanza, N.,Maruhashi, T., Yumoto, T and Yamagiwa, J.(1988) Conservation of eastern lowland gorillas in the Masisi region, Zaire. Primate Conservation, 9, 111-114.
Thesis Democratic Replic of Congo, Lukuru, Bonobo Myers Thompson, J.A. (1997) The History, Taxonomy and Ecology of the Bonobo (Pan paniscus, Schwartz 1929) with a first description of a wild population living in a forest/savanna mosaic habitat. PhD dissertation. University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
Reports Ivory Coast, Tai NationalPark, Pan troglodytes verus N'Goran, P. (2006) Quelques resultats de la premiere phase du biomonitoring au Parc National de Tai (aout 2005-mars 2006) Report WCF/CSRS/Universite d'Abobo-Adjame.
Reports Ivory Coast, Tai NationalPark, Pan troglodytes verus N'Goran, P. (2007) Etat du Parc National de Tai. Rapport de resultats de biomonitoring. Phase II (septembre 2006-avril 2007) Report WCF/CSRS/Universite d'Abobo-Adjame
Reports Ivory Coast, Tai NationalPark, Pan troglodytes verus N'Goran, P. (2008) Etat du Parc National de Tai. Rapport de resultats de biomonitoring. Phase III (aout 2007-mars 2008) . Report WCF/CSRS/Universite d'Abobo-Adjame.
Reports Abundance estimates, encounter rates, Pan troglodytes, spatial distribution, transect counts N'goran,P.K.,Kouakou, Y.C.,N'goran, E.K., Konate,S., Herbinger,I.,Yapi,F.A. et al. (2013)Chimpanzee conservation status in the World Heritage Site Tai National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. International Journal of innovation and Applied Studies 3:326-336.
Reports Nigeria, Mbe mountains, Great apes NCF-WCF(2004) Gorilla reconnaissance survey- Mbe mountains.September 2004. Report NCF-WCS Biodiversity Programme.
Reports Nigeria, Mbe mountains, Great apes NCF-WCS (2005a) Gorilla Monitoring in the Mbe Mountains. Progress report: February 2005 - June 2005. Report NCF-WCS Biodiversity Research Programme.
Reports Nigeria, Mbe mountains, Great apes NCF-WCS (2005b) Mbe gorilla census no. 1 - December 2005. Report NCF-WCS
Reports Nigeria, Cross River National Park, Gorilla NCF-WCS (2006) First quarterly report, 2006, on Cross River gorilla survey and monitoring activities in Cross River National Park. Research Report NCF-WCS.
Reports Nigeria, Mbe mountains, Great apes NCF-WCS (2006a) Mbe mountains Gorilla census n.2 - February 2006. Report NCF-WCS.
Reports Nigeria, Mbe mountains, Great apes NCF-WCS (2006b) Mbe mountains Gorilla census n.3 - May 2006. Report NCF-WCS.
Reports Nigeria, Mbe mountains, Great apes NCF-WCS (2006c) Mbe mountains Gorilla census n.4 - April 2006. Report NCF-WCS.
Reports Nigeria, Mbe mountains, Great apes NCF-WCS (2006d) Mbe mountains Gorilla census n.5 - August 2006. Report NCF-WCS.
Reports Nigeria, Mbe mountains, Great apes NCF-WCS (2007) Gorilla survey of the Mbe Mountains. November 2006 - February 2007. Report to NCF-WCS Biodiversity Research Programme.
Reports Nigeria, Cross River National Park, Gorilla NCF-WCS-CRNP (2005) Third quarter report on gorilla survey of Bushi extention area of Cross River National Park. Research Report no. 3. NCF-WCS.
Reports Nigeria, Cross River National Park, Gorilla NCF-WCS-CRNP (2006) Fourth quarter report on gorilla survey of Bushi extention area of Cross River National Park. Research Report no.4. NCF-WCS.
Book Chimpanzee research, Mahale Mountains,Long-term research, population decline Nakamura, M. and Nishida (2012) Long-term field studies of chimpanzees at Mahale Mountains National Park, Tanzania. In Kappeler, P.M. and Watts, D.P. (eds.),Long-Term Field Studies of Primates,DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-22514-7_16, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012
Papers Nakamura, M., Nishie, H. and Mwinnuka, C. (2005) Survey of the Southern Part of the Mahale Mountains. Pan Africa News Vol.12:1.
Papers Cephalophus, density, distance sampling,forest antelope, rainforest Nakashima, Y., C., Inoue, E. and Akomo-Okoue, E-F.,(2013)Population Density and Habitat preferences of Forest Duikers in Moukalaba-Doudou National Park, Gabon. African Zoology,48:395-399.
Papers Gabon, camera trap, distance sampling, nest, sympatric apes Nakashima, Y., Iwata, Y., Ando, C., Nze Nkoguee, C., Inoue, E., Akomo, E.-F. O., Nguema, P. M., Bineni, T. D., Banak, L. N., Takenoshita, Y., Ngomanda, A. and Yamagiwa, J. (2013), Assessment of landscape-scale distribution of sympatric great apes in African rainforests: Concurrent use of nest and camera-trap surveys. Am. J.Primatol., 75: 1220–1230. doi: 10.1002/ajp.22185
Reports Equatorila Guinea, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii, gorilla gorilla gorilla Nchanji A.C., Ayecaba, G.N. & Esono, E.P. (2005) An assessment of the large mammals of the Monte Mitra Forest, Monte Alen National Park. In A biodivesrity Assessment of the Monte Mitra Forest, Monte Alen NP Equatorial Guinea. Report CARPE.
Reports Cameroon, UFA, Pan troglodytes Ndeh, A. (2004) A rapid faunal assessment of UFA 09-013 forest concession, south province, Cameroon. Report WCS, Cameroon
Reports Senegal, Forest, Pan troglodytes verus Ndiaye, P. (1999) Biogeographie et elements d'ecologie du chimpanze (Pan troglodytes) au Senegal. Unpublished report.
Thesis Tanzania, Kwitanga FOREST, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii Ndimuligo, A.S. (2007) Assessment of Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) population and habitat in Kwitanga Forest, Western Tanzania. MSc thesis University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
Thesis Eastern chimpanzee Ndimuligo, S.A. (2010) Assessment of chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) population and habitat in Kwitanga forest, Western Tanzania. Master thesis, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. 75pp.
Reports Camroon, Campo Ma'an, Gorilla Neel, C., Vergnes, V., Dupain, J. (2004) Large mammals inventory and feasibility of Gorilla gorilla gorilla habituation: potential for eco-tourism in the Campo Ma´an National Park. WWF, Zoo antwerpen, Report PGS.
Papers Ngandjui, G. and C.P. Blanc. (2000) Biogeographie et biodiversite: aires protegees et conservation des mammiferes au Cameroun. Biogeographica 76(2): 63–77.
Reports Campo Ma'an, Pan troglodytes troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla gorila Ngandjui, G., Anye, N.D., Chuenu, L.M., Eno Nku, M., Okie, E.S. (2001) Abondance relative et distribution spatiale des elephants, buffles, pongides, cercopithecides et de la pression de chasse dans l´UTO Campo Ma´an et propositions preliminaires d´amenagement du Parc National de Campo Ma´an. Rapport preliminaire. Project d´amenagement et de conservation de la biodiversite de Campo Ma´an.
Reports Campo Ma'an, Pan troglodytes troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla gorila Ngandjui, G., Anye, N.D., Chuenu, M. L., Eno Nku, M., Okie, E. S. (2002) Densite, abondance relative et distribution de la faune mammalienne. Evalutation de la pression de chasse dans l´UTO Campo-Ma´an et propositions de mesures de gestion, conservation et protection. Campo Ma´an document no.24. Project d´amenagement de conservation de la biodiversite de Campo-Ma´an, Cameroun. Report Tropenbos International.
Reports Campo Ma'an, Pan troglodytes troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla gorila Ngandjui, G., Chuenu, L.M., Eno Nku, M., Okie, E.S. (1999) Inventaire de Reconnaissaince dans la zone de protection integrale du site GEF Campo-Ma´an. Rapport preliminaire. Project Campo Ma´an and Tropenbos
Reports Democratic Republic of Congo, Garamba, Pan troglodytes Nicholas, A. (1995) A report on the results of line transect work undertaken during the dry and wet seasons in the Domaine de Chase of Garamba National Park, northeast Zaire. 2. Large mammal distribution and abundance. Unpublished report.
Reports Democratic Republic of Congo, Garamba, Pan troglodytes Nicholas, A. and Ndey, A. (1995) The results of a transect exercise in the Domaines de Chasses surrounding Garamba National Park, Zaire. Technical Report, Garamba National Park project, IZCN, WWF Cited in De Merode, E., Hillmann-Smithe, K., Nicholas, A., Ndey, A. and Likango, M. (2001) The spatial correlates of wildlife distribution around Garamba National park, Democratic Republic of Congo. International Journal Remote Sensing, vol 21, no 13&14, 2665-2683
Papers Nicholas, A., Warren, Y., Bila, S., Ekinde, A., Ikfuingei, R. and Tampie, R. (2010) Successes in Community-Based Monitoring of Cross River Gorillas (Gorilla gorilla diehli) in Cameroon. African Primates, 7(1), 55-60
Reports Sierra Leone, Bumbuna, Pan troglodytes verus Nippon Koei UK, BMT Cordah, Environmental Foundation for Africa (2007) Bumbuna Hydroelectric Project Environmental Impact Assessment. Vol. 1: Executive Summary, 44 pp; Vol. 2: Environmental Impact Assessment, 299 pp; Vol. 3: Appendices, 364 pp.
Reports Sierra Leone, Bumbuna, Pan troglodytes verus Nippon Koei UK, MRAG, NHM and ZSL (2007) Completition of the Bumbuna Hydroelectric Project. Baseline Primate Survey and Monitoring Programme. Final Report.
Reports Liberia, Sapo National Park, Pan troglodytes verus Nisbett, R.A., Agoramoorthy, G. (1990) Preliminary survey of forest primates in Sapo National Park, Liberia (West Africa) Report prepared for the Forestry Development Authority, Republic of Liberia.
Papers Nishida, T. (1968) The social group of Wild Chimpanzees in the Mahali Mountains. Primates, 3: 167-224.
Papers Nishida, T. (1989) A note on the chimpanzee ecology of the Ugalla area, Tanzania. Primates, 30: 129-138.
Book Tanzania, Mahale, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii Nishida, T. (1990) The chimpanzee of the Mahale mountains. Univ. Tokio Press, Tokyo.
Papers Nissen, H.W. (1931) A field study of chimpanzees: observation of chimpanzee behaviour and environment in western French Guinea. Comparative Psychology Monographs, 8:1-22.
Reports Democratic Republic Congo, Maiko, Gorilla gorilla graueri Nixon, S. (2010) Partecipatory assessment of Grauer's Eastern Gorilla and other wildlife an the Lubutu Sector of Maiko NP and adjacent forests. Fieldwork conducted by Amsini, F., Assumani, M., Bongama, C., Mombe, J.B., Kaghoma, C., Muir, R., Mayanga, P., Ngobobo, F. and Nixon, S. Report FFI, ICCN, ZSL.
Reports Distribution, Conservation status, Large Mammals, Grauer’s Gorilla,Gorilla beringei graueri Nixon, S., Mufabule, K., Bahati, A. & Patule, I. (2007). A Prospection Survey of the Usala Forest and Proposed Usala Community Reserve, Democratic Republic of Congo, March-April 2007. Unpublished report, Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International, Goma, DRC.
Papers Nixon, S.C., Ngwe, E.E., Mufabule, K., Nixon, F., Bolamba, D. and Mehlmann, P. (2005) Grauer's gorilla and other wildlife in the Maiko South region. Gorilla Journal no31.
Reports Liberia, Sapo National Park, Pan troglodytes verus Nkembi, L., Atem, T., Lekeaka, D. (2004) Surveys of gorilla and chmpanzee populations in Bechati-Fossimondi-Besali forests in Lebialem Division, SW province, Cameroon. Report WCS.
Reports Barombi Mbo, Bakundu, Reconnaissance surveys,Pan troglodytes vellorosus Nku, E. (2004a). Large mammal reconnaissance surveys of Lake Barombi Mbo and Southern Bakundu Forest Reserves, SW Province Cameroon. Unpublished report. Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS).
Reports Cameroon, Lebialem Division, Great apes Normand, E. (2007) Protection of two high priority classified Forests in Côte d’Ivoire (Cavally and Goin-Débé): Improved management plan and bio-monitoring of logging operations. Report GAECF.
Reports Afi Mountain, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli Nwufoh, E. I. (2003a) Afi mountain wildlife sanctuary monitoring excercise, April 2003, report. Biodiversity Preservation Group.
Reports Afi Mountain, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli Nwufoh, E. I. (2003b) Afi Mountain wildlife sanctuary monitoring excercise, May 2003, report. Biodiversity Preservation Group. WCS.
Reports Afi Mountain, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli Nwufoh, E. I. (2003c) Afi mountain survey report, June 2003. Report Biodiversity Preservation Group.WCS.
Proceedings Nigeria, Gorilla gorilla diehli, Workshop Nwufoh, E.I. (2001) Status of Cross river gorilla population in Boshi extention portion of the cross river national park, Nigeria. In Proceedings of the international workshop and conference on the conservation of the cross river gorillas, Calabar, Nigeria. April 6-9,2001. Eds. Bassey, A.E. and Oates, J.F.
Reports Mbe Mountains, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli Nwufoh, E.I. (2003d) Report on the joint gorilla monitoring excercise Mbe mountain-November 2003. Biodiversity Preservation Group (BPG), Obudu.
Reports Mbe Mountains, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli Nwufoh, E.I. (2004a) Mbe mountains gorilla monitoring February 2004, Report NCF-WCS.
Proceedings Nigeria, Mbe Mountains, Workshop Nwufoh, E.I. (2004b) Report on the Resurvey of the goirlla populations of Mbe Mountains. In: developing a conservation Strategy for the Cross River Gorilla. Proceedings of the 2nd Internaional workshop ad conference on the conservation of the Cross River gorilla. Limbe Botanical Garden, Cameroon, August, 2003.
Reports Ngoila Mintom, Pan troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla Nzooh Dongmo, Z-L (2003a) Statut des grands et moyens mammiferes et des activites humaines dans le massif forestier de Ngoila Mintom. Report WWF CCPO ECOFAC
Reports Cameroon, UFA, Great apes Nzooh Dongmo, Z-L, Bassama, C. (2003) Evalutation preliminaire de l´environment bio-ecologique: statut des grands et moyens mammiferes et des activites humaines dans l´UFA 10-052. Report WWF.
Reports Cameroon, UFA, Great apes Nzooh Dongmo, Z-L, Bassama, C., Konje, P. (2004) Statut des grands et moyens mammiferes et des activites humaines dans l´UFA 10-013. Report WWF - CFE Compagnie Forestiere de l´Est.
Reports Cameroon, UFA, Great apes Nzooh Dongmo, Z-L, Bassama, C., Kouop Begne, S. (2004) Statut des grands et moyens mammiferes et des activites humaines dans l´UFA 10-064. Report WWF-SEFAC-SEBAC-FB.
Reports Cameroon, ZICGC, Great apes Nzooh Dongmo, Z-L, Koulbout, D., Bene Bene, L., Konje, P.(2002) Evalutation des potentialites fauniques des zones d´interet cynegetique a gestion communautaire (ZICGC) no 1,2,3,8 et 9 au sud-est Cameroun. Report WWF.
Reports Cameroon, UFA, Great apes Nzooh Dongmo, Z-L, Ngniado Wouala, A., Mahop, J-P.(2003) Statut des grands et moyes mammiferes et des activites humaines dans l´UFA 10-018. Report WWF-SIBAF (Societe Industriele de Bois d´Afrique)
Reports Dja, Pan troglodytes troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla gorilla Nzooh Dongmo, Z-L. (1999) Dynamique de la faune sauvage et des activites anthropiques dans la reserve de biosphere du Dja et ses environs.Volume 1. ECOFAC, Ministere de lÉnvironment et des forets.
Reports Dja, Pan troglodytes troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla gorilla Nzooh Dongmo, Z-L. (2001) Dynamique de la faune sauvage et des activites anthropiques dans le reserve de biosphere du Dja et ses environs. Volume 2. ECOFAC, Ministere de l´environnement et des forets.
Reports Lac Lobeke, Pan troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla gorilla Nzooh Dongmo, Z-L. (2003b) Suivi ecologique dans le parc national de Lobeke et la zone peripherique: donnees de base sur la dynamique des populations de grands et moyens mammiferes et des activites anthropiques. Report WWF.
Reports Cameroon, UFA, Great apes Nzooh Dongmo, Z-L., Bassama, C., Mahop, J-P. (2003) Evalutation preliminaire de l´environment bio-ecologique: statut des grands et moyens mammiferes et des activites humaines dans l´UFA 10-021. Report WWF-GDC (Groupe Decolvenaere Cameroun)
Reports Cameroon, UFA, Great apes Nzooh Dongmo, Z-L., Bassama, C., Ndinga, H. (2005) Populations des grands et moyens mammiferes dans l´UFA 10-008, 10-009, 10-010, 10-012: donnes de base pour l amenagement durable des concessions. Report WWF, SEFAC, SEBAC, FB
Reports Nki, Pan troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla Nzooh Dongmo, Z-L., Kouob Begne, S., Annong, V., Bassama, C., Fouda, E., Mahop, J.P.(2006) Suivi ecologique dans le Parc National de Nki et sa zone peripherique: donnees de base sur la dynamique des populations de grands et moyens mammiferes et des activites anthropiques. Report WWF.
Reports Ghana, Forest, Pan troglodytes verus Oates, J. (2006) Primate conservation in the forest of western Ghana, field survey results 2005-2006. Report ACCRA.
Reports Nigeria, South-western, Pan troglodytes vellerosus Oates, J., Ikemeh A., Adedamola O. and Bergl R. (2008) A survey of rainforests in Ogun, Ondo and Osun States in southwestern Nigeria, to assess options for their sustainable conservation. Report Nigerian Conservation Foundation.
Action_Plans Action Plan, Gorilla gorilla diehli Oates, J., Sunderland-Groves, J., Bergl, R., Dunn, A., Nicholas, A., Takang, E., Omeni, F., Imong, I., Fotso, R., Nkembi, L., Williamson, L.. (2007) Regional Action Plan for the conservation of the cross river gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli). IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group and Conservation International, Arlington VA.
Proceedings Nigeria, Gorilla gorilla diehli, Workshop Oates, J.F. & Nwufoh, E.I. (1999) unpubl. cited in Nwufoh, E.I. (2001) Status of Cross river gorilla population in Boshi extention portion of the cross river national park, Nigeria. In Proceedings of the international workshop and conference on the conservation of the cross rive gorillas, Calabar, Nigeria. Apil 6-9,2001. Eds. Bassey, A.E. and Oates, J.F.
Reports Sierra Leone, Pan troglodytes verus Oates, J.F. (1980) Report on a pilot study of Colobus verus and other forest primates in southern Sierra Leone with comments on conservation problems. Report to the ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Forestry, Freetown, Sierra Leone, pp25.
Reports Nigeria, Cross River, Gorilla Oates, J.F. (1990) Cross river national park (nothern sector) feasibility study gorilla management study. Unpublished report.
Papers Oates, J.F., Abedi-Lartey, M., McGraw, S. W., Struhsaker, T.T. and Whitesides, G.H. (2000) Extinction of a West African Red Colobus Monkey. Conservation Biology, 14 (5): 1526-1532.
Reports Cross River Okwangwo Division, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli Oates, J.F., White, D., Gadsby, E.L., Bisong, P.O. (1990) Cross River National Park (Okwangwo division), feasibility study. Conservation of gorillas and other species. Report WWF.
Reports Cross River Okwangwo Division, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli Oates, J.F., White, D., Gadsby, E.L., Bisong, P.O. (1990) Cross River National Park (nothern sector) feasibility study gorilla management study. Unpublished report.
Reports Cross River Okwangwo Division, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli Obot, E. (1996) Primates of Cross River National Park, Okwangwo Division, Biological Research and Scientific Monitoring Acrivities. Report WCS.
Reports Cross River Okwangwo Division, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli Obot, E., Barker, J., Edet, C., Ogar, G., Nwufoh, E. (1997) Status of Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) Populations in Cross River National Park and Mbe mountains. Cross River National park (Okwangwo Division) Technical Report no.5. WCS.
Papers Ogawa, H, Moore, j., Kanamori, M. And Kamenya, S. (2004) Report on the chimpanzees of the Wansisi and Makomayo areas, Tanzania. Pan Africa News 11:3-5.
Papers Ogawa, H., Idani, G., Moore, J., Pintea, L., Hernandez-Aguilar, A. (2007) Sleeping parties and nest distribution of chimpanzees in the savanna woodland, Ugalla, Tanzania. International Journal of Primatology, 28: 1397-1412.
Papers Ogawa, H., Idani, G., Moore, J., Pintea, L., Hernandez-Aguilar, A. (2007) Sleeping parties and nest distribution of chimpanzees in the savanna woodland, Ugalla, Tanzania. International Journal of Primatology, 28: 1397-1412.
Papers Ogawa, H., Kanamori, M. and Mukeni, H. (1997) The discovery of chimpanzees in the Lwazi river area, Tanzania: a new southern distribution limit. Pan African News, Vol 4, no1, June 1997.
Papers Ogawa, H., Moore, J. and Kamenya, S. (2006) Chimpanzees in the Ntakata and Kakungu Areas, Tanzania. Primate Conservation, 21:97-101.
Papers Chimpanzee, non-protected areas, Tanzania Ogawa, H.,Yoshikawa, M. and Gen'ichi I. (2011) The population and Habitat preferences of Chimpanzees in non-protected areas of Tanzania.Pan Africa News (PAN) 18.
Papers Chimpanzees, Distribution, South West Nigeria, Forest zone, Remnant manageable population, Ogunjemite, B.G., Afolayan, T.A., Agbelusi, E.A. & Onadeko, S.A. (2006) Status Survey of Chimpanzee in the Forest Zone of Southwestern Nigeria. Acta Zoological Sinica, 52: 1009-1014.
Papers Ogunjemite,B.G., Afolayan, T.A., and Agbelusi, E.A. (2005) Habitat structure of chimpanzee community in Ise Forest Reserve, Ekiti State, southwestern Nigeria. African Journal of Ecology, 43, 396-399.
Papers Southwestern Nigeria, Chimpanzee Populations, Potential Chimpanzees habitat, Pan troglodytes ellioti, Ogunjemite,B.J.(2011). Chimpanzee(Pan troglodytes) populations in southwestern Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 13: 60–73.
Papers Ogunnjemite,B.G., Afolayan, T.A., Agbelusi, E.A., and Onadeko, S.A. (in press) Status survey of chimpanzees in the forest zone of southwestern Nigeria. Acta Zoologica Sinica, 52(6).
Reports Cameroon, Korup, Pan troglodytes vellerosus Okon, D. & Dunn, A. (2003) Monitoring the abundance of large mammals in Korup National Park, Cameroon. Report WCI.
Reports Cameroon, Korup, Pan troglodytes vellerosus Okon, D. & Ekobo, A. (2007) Monitoring large mammals and human activities in Korup National Park . Report WWF.
Papers Okouyi Okouyi, N.W., Posso, P., Lepretre, A. & Scaps, P. (2001) Estimation des densites de populations des macro-mammiferes de la Reserve MAB UNESCO dÍpassa-Makokou (Gabon) Bulletin de la Societe Zoologique de France, Annales du Museum du Havre, 67, 53-54.
Reports Itombwe Massif, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii, Gorilla gorilla graueri Omari, I. (1997) Les resultats de la mission IZCN-WCS Itombwe. Rapport preliminaire IZCN-WCS, Kinshasa.
Reports Democratic Republic of Congo, Salonga, Pan paniscus Omari, I., Grossmann, F., Mbenzo, P. and Blake, S.(2005) Monitoring of the illegal killing of elephants in Central African Forests: Elephant and ape population surveys in the Salonga National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo.Report to the CITES MIKE and the goverment of the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Papers Afromontane forests, Albertine Rift, Democratic Republic of Congo, Endemic avifauna,Gorillas, Line transects Omari, I., Hart, J., Butynski, T., Birhashirwa, N., Upoki, A., M´Keyo, Y., Bengana, F., Bashonga, M., Bagurubumwe, N. (1999) The Itombwe Massif, Democratic Republic of Congo: biological surveys and conservation, with an emphasis on Grauer´s gorilla and birds endemic to the Albertine Rift. Oryx 33, 301-322.
Papers Omasombo, V., Bokelo, D. and Dupain, J. (2005) Current Status of Bonobos and other Large Mammals in the Proposed Forest Reserve of Lomako-Yokokala, Equateur Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Pan Africa News 12:2, 14-17.
Reports Democratic Republic of Congo, Virunga, Gorilla gorilla beringei Owiunji, I., Nkuutu, D., Kujirakwinja, D., Liengola, I., Plumptre, A.J., Nsanzurwimo, A., Fawcett, K., Gray, M. and McNeilage A. (2005) The Biodiversity of the Virunga Volcanoes. Report by WCS.
Reports Gabon. Minkebe, Great ape Owono, P. (2008) Gestion de la chasse dans les concessions forestieres de la vallee de l' Okano. Rapport DFC/WWF Minkebe.
Reports Cameroon, Andokat Mangroves, Pan troglodytes O´Kah, E. M. (2001) A preliminary rapid wildlife survey. The Proposed Andokat Mangroves Wildlife Reserve. Report WWF - Cross-Sanaga-Bioko-Coastal Forest project.
Papers PAN (1994) Some results of the survey: Pan troglodytes schweinfurthi. Pan African News, 1(2).
Reports Dja, Pan troglodytes troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla gorilla PGS - Collection of Reports - Great Ape Survey December2002-August2003
Papers degraded forests, nest-count, orangutan density, Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii PRASETYO,D. and SUGARDJITO J. (2011) Nest density as determinants for habitat utilizations of Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii) in degraded forests of Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan. BIODIVERSITAS 12: 164-170
Papers Deseases, Chimpanzees, Jane Goodall PUSEY,A.E.,WILSON, M.L.,COLLINS, D.A. (2008)Human Impacts, Disease Risk, and Population Dynamics in the Chimpanzees of Gombe National Park, Tanzania. American Journal of Primatology 70:738–744
Papers Parnell, R. (2002) Group size and structure in western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) at Mbeli Bai, Republic of Congo. American Journal of Primatology, 56:193-206.
Papers Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes ellioti),Ecological niche models (ENMs),suitable habitat, climate change Paul R Sesink Clee, Ekwoge E Abwe, Ruffin D Ambahe, Nicola M Anthony, Roger Fotso, Sabrina Locatelli, Fiona Maisels, Matthew W Mitche, Bethan J Morgan, Amy A Pokempner and Mary Katherine Gonder.(2015).Chimpanzee population structure in Cameroon and Nigeria is associated with habitat variation that may be lost under climate change.BMC Evolutionary Biology, 15:2 doi:10.1186/s12862-014-0275-z
Reports Mali, Bafing Faleme, Pan troglodytes verus Pavy, J. (1993) Bafing Faunal Reserve. Biodiversity and human resource: Survey and recommendations. Unpublished report, Cheverly, Maryland.
Papers Borneo, density estimate, great ape, Indonesia, Pongo, population census, primate, Sumatra. Payne J (1987) Surveying orang-utan populations by counting nests from a helicopter: A pilot survey in Sabah. Primate Conserv 8: 92–103.
Papers Payne, C.L.R., Webster, T.H. And Hunt, K.D. (2008) Coprophagy by the semi-habituated chimpanzees of Semliki, Uganda. Pan Africa News 15(2).
Reports Rwanda, Kibira, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Peace Corps and ICCN (1980) The mammals of the Kibira National Park, Burundi. Checklist of species produced for ICCN.
Papers Persson, H. and Warner,M. (2003) The chimpanzees and other primates of Omo Forest Reserve. The Nigerian Field, 68, 160-167.
Papers Petre, C.S., Huymen, M.C. & Beudels-Jamar, R.(2008) First Assessment of Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes troglodytes) density and bedding behaviour in the Pongara National Park, Gabon. Pan Africa News, 14 (2): 22-27.
Reports Nigeria, Cross River Okwangwo Division, Cross River Oban Division Phillips, C. (2008) Reconnaissance surveys of Pan troglodytes vellerosus and Gorilla gorilla diehli at four sites within Cross River State, Nigeria. Report Leverhulme Centre of Human Evolutionary Studies (LCHES).
Papers Chimpanzee;density;survey;remote sensing;Masito-Ugalla;Tanzania Piel, A. K., Cohen, N., Kamenya, S., Ndimuligo, S. A., Pintea, L. and Stewart, F. A. (2015), Population status of chimpanzees in the Masito-Ugalla Ecosystem, Tanzania. Am. J. Primatol.. doi: 10.1002/ajp.22438
Reports Masito-Ugalla Ecosystem, Tanzania, Malagarasi River, Ugalla Primate Project Piel, A.K. and F. A. Stewart (2014) Census and conservation status of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) across the Greater Mahale Ecosystem. Report submitted to The Nature Conservancy, 65pp.
Reports Greater Mahale Ecosystem, Connectivity, viability, chimpanzee population Piel, A.K. and F.A. Stewart (2013) Identifying critical habitats for savanna chimpanzee conservation in western Tanzania using new landscape-scale censusing techniques. Report submitted to The Jane Goodall Institute and the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, 44pp.
Papers Chimpanzees, DNA sequences, Gene flow, Habitats Haplotypes, Mitochondrial DNA,Rivers, Tanzania Piel, A.K., Stewart, F.A., Pintea, L., Li, Y., Ramirez, M.A., et al. (2013) The Malagarasi River Does Not Form an Absolute Barrier to Chimpanzee Movement in Western Tanzania. PLoS ONE 8(3): e58965. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0058965
Reports Afi River, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli Pimley, E. (2003) Nocturnal mammal survey of Afi Mountain Wildlife Sanctuary, Cross River State, Southern Nigeria. Report NCF- WCS.
Proceedings Great Ape Conservation Program,distance sampling method,Aerial photos, Landsat, ASTER and PALSAR satellite images,GIS analysis Pintea, L., Latour, S., Hanni, D.C., Tchindongo, E., Nsafou, A., Atencia, R., Pharoah L. and Cox, D. (2012) Biological surveys and geospatial analysis to support great ape conservation in Dimonika biosphere and Tchimpounga Natural Reserves, Republic of Congo. Abstract of Presentation at the International Primatological Society, Cancun, Mexico.
Papers Grauer' gorilla, population decline, hunting, instability, habitat loss Plumptre AJ, Nixon S, Kujirakwinja DK, Vieilledent G, Critchlow R, Williamson EA, et al. (2016) Catastrophic Decline of World's Largest Primate: 80% Loss of Grauer's Gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri) Population Justifies Critically Endangered Status. PLoS ONE 11(10): e0162697. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0162697
Reports Rwanda, Nyungwe National Park, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Plumptre, A. J., Masozera, M., Fashing, P.J., McNeilage, A., Ewango, C., Kaplin, B.A.and Liengola, I (2002) Biodiversity Surveys of the Nyungwe Forest Reserve In S.W. Rwanda.WCS Working Paper No. 19.
Reports Uganda, Forest Reserves, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Plumptre, A. J., Nampindo, S., Mutungire, N., Gonya, M., Akuguzibwe, T. (2008) Surveys of chimpanzees and other large mammals in Uganda´s Forest Reserves in the Greater Virunga Landscape. Wildlife Conservation Society.
Papers Plumptre, A. and Reynolds, V. (1997) Nesting behavior of chimpanzees: implications for censuses. International Journal of Primatology, 18(4):475-485.
Reports Uganda, Bugoma, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Plumptre, A., Akwetaireho, S., Hanni, D.C., Leal, M., Mutungire, N., Kyamanywa, J., Tumuhamye, D., Ayebale, J. and Isoke, S. (2010) Biodiversity surveys of Bugoma forest reserve, smaller central forest reserves, and corridor forests south of Bugoma. WCS, JGI, WWF unpublished report
Reports Uganda, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Plumptre, A., Cox, D. and Mugume, S. (2003) The status of chimpanzees in Uganda. Albertine Rift Technical Reports, series number: 2. WCS, Jane Goodall Institute.
Reports Uganda, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Plumptre, A., Mugume, S., Cox, D., & Montgomery, C. (2001) Chimpanzee and large mammal survey of Budongo Forest Reserve and Kibale National Park. Report to WCS on surveys in Western Uganda.
Reports Uganda, Forest Reserves, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Plumptre, A., Mugume, S., Cox, D., Bergl, R. Rothern, L. (1999) Chimpanzee and other large mammal survey of Bugoma Forest Reserve and the Kagombe-Matiri Forest Reserve complex. Unpublished report.
Papers Plumptre, A.J. & Cox, D. (2006) Counting primates for conservation: primate surveys in Uganda. Primates 47: 65-73.
Reports Democratic Republic Congo, Itombwe, Great apes Plumptre, A.J., Amsini, F., Kujirakwinja, D., Hart, J., Nyembo, B., Vyahavwa, C., Bujo, F., Masanga, A., Matunguru, J., Mwinyihali, R. and Tshombe, R. (2009) Itombwe Massive Conservation Project: delimitation and zoning of the Itombwe Natural Reserve for protection of great apes. Report WCS, ICCN, USFWS.
Action_Plans Action Plan, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii Plumptre, A.J., Arnold, M. and Nkuutu, D. (2003) Conservation Action Plan for Uganda's Chimpanzees 2003-2008. WCS, JGI, UWA report
Reports Democratic Republic of Congo, Chimpanzee Plumptre, A.J., Kujirakwinja, D. and Matunguru, J. (2008) Survey of chimpanzees in the Virunga Park and assessment of a potential corridor to Mt Hoyo. Report WCS, ICCN, USFWS.
Reports Democratic Republic of Congo, Pan troglodytes Plumptre, A.J., Kujirakwinja, D. and Matunguru, J., Kahindo, C., Kaleme, P., Marks, B. and Muhndorf, M. (2008) Biodiversity surveys in the Misotshi-Kabogo and Marungu Regions of eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Report WCS, ICCN, The Field Museum, WWF.
Reports Rwanda, Kibira, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Plumptre, A.J., Masozera, M. and Vedder, A. (2001) The impact of civil war on the conservation of protected areas in Rwanda. Washington, D.C. Biodiversity Support Program.
Reports Uganda, Forest Reserves, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Plumptre, A.J., Mutungire, N., Tmusiine, R., Cox, D. And Montgomery, C. (2002) Chimpanzee and large mammal survey of Kalinzu, Kasyoha-Kitomi and Maramagambo Forests. Report to WCS on surveys in Western Uganda.
Reports Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii Plumptre, A.J., Nampindo, S., Mutungire, N., Gonya, M., Akuguzibwe, T.(2008) Surveys of chimpanzees and other large mammals in Uganda’s Forest Reserves in the Greater Virunga Landscape.WCS.
Action_Plans Action Plan, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii, Uganda Plumptre, A.J., Rose, R., Nangendo, G., Williamson, E.A., Didier, K., Hart, J., Mulindahabi, F., Hicks, C., Griffin, B., Ogawa, H., Nixon, S., Pintea, L., Vosper, A., McLennan, M., Amsini, F., McNeilage, A., Makan, J.R., Kanamori, M., Hernandez, A., Piel, A., Stewart, F., Moore, J., Zamma, K., Nakamura, M., Kamenya, S., Idani, G., Sakamaki, T., Yoshikawa, M., Greer, D., Tranquilli, S., Beyers, R., Hashimoto, C., Furuichi, T. and Bennett, E. (2010) Eastern Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii): Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan 2010-2020. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. 52pp
Reports NA Plumptre, Andrew J., Nixon,Stuart, Critchlow Robert, Vieilledent Ghislain, Nishuli Radar Kirkby Andrew , Williamson,Elizabeth A. , Hall, Jefferson S. and Kujirakwinja,Deo (2015) STATUS OF GRAUER’S GORILLA AND CHIMPANZEES IN EASTERN DRC: Historical and Current Distribution and Abundance.
Papers Poulsen, J. R., Clark, C. J. (2004) Densities, Distributions, and Seasonal Movements of Gorillas and Chimpanzees in Swamp Forest in Northern Congo. International Journal of Primatology 25(2):285-306.
Thesis Cameroon, Logging concession, Gorilla gorilla gorilla Preston, M. (2004) Estimation of Western Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) group sizes and Compositions in Cameroon by Indirect Evidence. Thesis, University of Colorado at Boulder.
Papers Prins, H. and Reitsma, J. (1989) Mammalian biomass in an african equatorial rain forest. Journal of Animal Ecology, 58(3):851-861.
Papers Pruetz, J. (2007) Evidence of cave use by savanna chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) at Fongoli, Senegal: implications for thermoregulatory behavior. Primates, 48:316-319.
Papers Pruetz, J., Fulton, S.J., marchant, L.F., McGrew, W., Schiel, M. and Waller, M. (2008) Arboreal Nesting as anti-predator adaptation by savanna chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) in southeastern Senegal. American Journal of Primatology 70:393-401.
Papers Pruetz, J., Marchant, L., Arno, J. and Mc Grew, W. (2002) Survey of savanna chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) in southeastern Senegal. American Journal of Primatology, 58:35-43.
Papers Savanna chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes verus, Senegal, Fongoli,termite-fishing and ant-dipping behaviors Pruetz, J.D. and Bertolani, P. (2007) Savanna chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes verus, hunt with tools. Current Biology,17: 412–7.
Papers chimpanzees, Gombe National Park, great ape conservation, Tanzania Pusey, A.E., Pintea, L., Wilson, L. M., Kamenya, S. & Goodall, J. (2007). The contribution of long-term research at Gombe National Park to chimpanzee conservation: Conservation Biology 21: 623-634
Papers Rainey, H.J, Iyenguet, F.C., Malanda, G.A.F., Madzoke, B., Dos Santos, D., Stokes, E., Maisels, F. and Strindberg, S. (2009) Survey of Raphia swamp forest, Republic of Congo, indicates high densities of critically endangered western lowland gorillas Gorilla gorilla gorilla. Oryx, 44(1): 124-132.
Reports Afi Mountain, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli Ransom, C. (2003) Research report. Afi mountain Wildlife sanctuary. Aug-Dec2003. NCF-WCS Biodiversity Research Programme Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria
Reports Nigeria, Cross River National Park, Gorilla Ransom, C. (2004a) A preliminary gorilla survey of the Boshi Extention area of Cross River National park. Research Report No.1. NCF-WCS Biodiversity Research Programme.
Reports Afi Mountain, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli Ransom, C. (2004b) Afi Mountain Wildlife Sanctuary Gorilla Survey. Report NCF-WCS Biodiversity Research Programme Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria
Reports Democratic Republic of Congo, Kahuzi-Biega, Gorilla gorilla beringei Refisch, J. (1991) Presence des grands mammiferes dans le Parc National de Kahuzi Biega et l'influence humaine sur les populations des anumaux. Rapport dans le cadre du project IZCN/GTZ - Conservation de la Nature Integree, l'Est Zaire.
Papers Reinartz, G. E. (2003) Conserving Pan paniscus in the Salonga National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo. Pan Africa News 10:23-25.
Papers Reinartz, G. E., Bila Isia, I., Ngamankosi, M. and Wema Wema, L. (2006) Effects of forest type and human presence on bonobo (Pan paniscus) density in the Salonga National Park. International Journal of Primatology 27: 603-634.
Reports Maringa Lopori Wamba (MLW) Landscape, Bonobo population, Bonobo distribution Reinartz, G.E. and Guislain, P. (2010) Assessment of Bonobo Distribution & Development of Bio-Monitoring Capacity in the MLW CARPE Landscape, DRE Congo. Final Report to the African Wildlife Foundation & USFWS. Milwaukee, WI: Zoological Society of Milwaukee
Papers distribution, habitat characteristics, hunting, Pan paniscus, Salonga, survey Reinartz, G.E., Inogwabini, B.I., Mafuta, N., Lisalama, W.W.(2006) Effects of forest type and human presence on bonobo (Pan paniscus) density in the Salonga National Park. Intl. J. Primatol.,27: 603-34.
Papers Remis, M. (1997) Ranging and grouping patterns of a western lowland gorilla group at Bai Hokou, Central African Republic. American Journal of Primatology, 43:111-133.
Papers Remis, M. (2000) Preliminary assessment of the impacts of human activities on gorillas Gorilla gorilla gorilla and the other wildlife at Dzanga-Sangha Reserve, Central African Republic. Oryx, 34(1):56-65.
Papers Remis, M.J. and Kpanou, J.B. (2011) Primate and ungulate abundance in response to multi-use zoning and human extractive activities in a Central African Reserve. African Journal of Ecology, Vol.49(1): 70-80
Papers Mountain gorillas, conservation science, time series analysis, death rates, fertility rates Robbins, M.M., Gray, M., Fawcett, K.A. et al. (2011). Extreme conservation leads to recovery of the Virunga mountain gorillas. PLoS ONE 6(6): e19788. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0019788
Reports Liberia, Forest, Pan troglodytes verus Robinson, P. and Suter, J. (1999) Survey and preparation of a preliminary conservation plan for the Cestos-Senkwehn riversheds of southeastern Liberia. Report prepared for World Bank. Unpublished report. WWF Global Forest Alliance Program.
Papers Ron, T. (2005) The Maiombe forest in Cabinda: Conservation efforts, 2000-2004. Gorilla Journal, 30.
Papers Sabater Pi, J. (1980) Exploitation of Gorillas Gorilla gorilla gorilla Savage & Wyman 1847 in Rio Muni, Republic of Equatorial Guinea, West Africa. Biological Conservation 19 (2): 131-140.
Papers Sabater Pi, J. and Groves, C. (1972) The importance of higher primates in the diet of the Fang of Rio Muni. Man, 7(2):239-243.
Papers Bonobo Sakamaki,T et al. (2012) Iyondji Community Bonobo Reserve: A Recently Established Reserve in the Democratic Republic of Congo.Pan African News 19,2.
Reports Liberia, Forest, Pan troglodytes verus Sambolah, R. (2005) Report on the Rapid Faunal Surveys of Seven Liberia Forest Areas Under Investigation for Conservation. Report Fauna & Flora International, Liberia & Cambridge UK.
Reports Liberia, Lake Pisu, Pan troglodytes verus Sambolah, R.S., Farmer, K.H., Kota, A. and Suter, J. (2004) Addendum on the rapid Faunal Surveys to assess Biological Integrity of the forest areas of the proposed lake Piso Nature Reserve. Unpublished report.
Papers Sanderson, I., (1940) The Mammals of the North Cameroon Forest Area: Being the Results of the Percy Sladen Expedition to the Mamfe Division of the British Cameroons. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 24, 625-725.
Reports Ivory Coast, Classified Forest, Pan troglodytes verus Sanderson, J., Barrie, A., Coleman, J.E., Kante, S., Ouattare, S. and Toukara, H.O. (2005) A rapid Survey of Mammals from the Haute Dodo and Cavally Forests, Cote d'Ivoire. A rapid Biological Assessment of two classical forests in South-Western cote d'ivoire. RAP 34: 110-118.
Papers Sanz, C., Morgan, D., Strindberg, S. and Onononga, J. (2007) Distinguishing between the nests of sympatric chimpanzees and gorillas in the Goualougo Triangle, Republic of Congo. Journal of Applied Ecology.
Reports Minkebe, Pan troglodytes troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla gorilla Schaffner Cappello, R. (2004) ECOFAC, WWF. Prospection de la Foret de Souanké-Garabinzam-Ivindo. Report ECOFAC.
Book Democratic Republic Congo, Kahuzi Biega, Gorilla gorilla graueri Schaller, G. (1963) The Mountain Gorilla. Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Papers Sept, J.M. (1992) Was there no place like home? A new perspective on early hominids sites from the mapping of chimpanzee nests. Current Athropology 33:187-207.
Papers Autocorrelation, Bonobo, chimpanzees, Ecosystems, Forest, Plant communities, Population densities, trees Serckx A, Huynen M-C, Bastin J-F, Hambuckers A, Beudels-Jamar RC, et al. (2014) Nest Grouping Patterns of Bonobos (Pan paniscus)in Relation to Fruit Availability in a Forest-Savannah Mosaic. PLoS ONE 9(4): e93742. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0093742
Papers Shimada, M. (2000) A survey of the Nimba mountains, West Africa from three routes: confirmed new habitat and ant-catching wand use of chimpanzees. Pan Africa News, 7(1).
Proceedings Central Africa, Gorilla Sholley, C. (1991) Conserving gorillas in the midst of guerillas. In Annual Conference Proceedings, American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums, Wheeling, J., 30-37.
Reports Itombwe, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii, Gorilla gorilla graueri Sikubwabo, C.K. (1993) Rapport de mission enquete faune-chase: programme Itombwe. Report IZCN/IUCN Bukavo.
Papers Sikubwabo, C.K. And Katembo, M.V. (2000) Mt. Tshiaberimu News. Gorilla Journal 20 (10).
Reports Uganda, Semuliki, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Sivell, D., Lee, T. And Allan, D. (1997) Biological survey of Semuliki Wildlife Reserve. Frontier-Uganda Game Reserves Project Technical Report, Vol 7, 1-104.
Book Gashaka-Gumti, Chimpanzee, Drill, conservation Sommer, V. and Ross, C. (2011) Primates of Gashaka: Socioecology and Conservation in Nigeria’s Biodiversity Hotspot. 544pp. Springer.
Papers Nigerian chimpanzee  Habituation  Call pattern  Party size Sommer, V., Adanu, J., Faucher, I. & Fowler, A. (2004)The Nigerian Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes vellerosus) at Gashaka: Two years of habituation efforts. Folia Primatologica 75: 295–316.
Papers Sousa, J., Barata, A., Casanova, C., Vicente, C. and Sousa, C. (2008) Censusing the chimpanzee community of Cantanhez, Guinea-Bissau - the first steps: how can palm tree features affect demographic data collection? Abstract, Folia Primatologica 79:300.
Papers Sousa, J., Barata, A., Sousa, C., Casanoca, C.C.N. and Vicente, L. (2011) Chimpanzee oil-palm use in southern Cantanhez National Park, Guinea-Bissau. American Journal of Primatology 73: 485-497.
Papers Cantanhez National Park, chimpanzee, tourism, local ecological knowledge, local perceptions,Guinea Bissau Sousa, J., Vicente, L., Gippoliti, S., Casanova, C. and Sousa, C. (2014) Local knowledge and perceptions of chimpanzees in Cantanhez National Park, Guinea-Bissau. Am. J. Primatology, 76: 122–134. doi: 10.1002/ajp.22215
Papers Chimpanzee, Marked-nest counts, Estimating density,Canopy closure, Lagoas de Cufada Natural Park, Guinea Bissau Sousa,J., Casanova,C., Barata, A.V., Sousa,C.,(2014) The effect of canopy closure on chimpanzee nest abundance in Lagoas de Cufada National Park, Guinea-Bissau, Primates, 55:283-292
Papers Borneo, density estimate, great ape, Indonesia, Pongo, population census, primate, Sumatra. Spehar, S.N., Mathewson, P.D., Nuzuar, Wich, S., Marshall, A,J,, et al. (2010) Estimating orangutan densities using the standing crop and marked nest count methods: Lessons learned for conservation. Biotropica 42: 748–757.
Papers Stanford, G.B. And O´Malley, R.C. (2008) Sleeping tree choice by Bwindi Chimpanzees. American Journal of Primatology 70:642-649.
Papers Stanford, G.B., Gambaneza, C., Nkurunungi, J.B. And Goldsmith, M.L. (2000) Chimpanzees in Bwindi-Impenetrable National Park, Uganda, Use different tools to obtain different types of honey. Primates, 41(3):337-341.
Reports Republic of Congo, Pan troglodytes troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla gorilla Stokes, E., Malonga, R., Raney, H. And Strindberg, S. (2008) Western Lowland Gorilla surveys in Nothern Republic of Congo 2006-2007. Summary Scientific Report WCS Global Conservation.
Papers Gorillas, Chimpanzees, Elephant, Nouabalé-Ndoki,protected areas, Biodiversity conservation, distance-sampling methods Stokes, E., Strindberg, S., Bakaban, P.C., Elkan, P.W., Iyenguet, F.C., Madzoke, B., Malanda, G.A., Mowawa, B.S., Moukoumbou, C., Ouakabadio, F. and Raney, H.J. (2010) Monitoring great ape and elephant abundance at large spatial scales: measuring effectiveness of a conservation lanscape. PLoS ONE 5(4): e10294. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0010294
Reports Rwanda, Nyungwe National Park, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Storz, M. (1982) La foret Naturelle de Nyungwe et sa Faune. Rapport Projet Pilote Forestier. Direction des Eaux et Foets, Ministere de l´Agriculture et de l´Elevage. Cooperation Technique Suisse.
Reports Cameroon, Pan troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla gorilla Stromayer, K. & Ekobo, A. (1991a) Biological surveys of southeastern Cameroon. Wildlife Conservation International. Study funded by the European Community.
Reports Cameroon, Mongokele, Gorilla Stromayer, K. and Ekobo, A. (1991b) Biological Survey of the Lake Lobeke Region, Southeastern Cameroon. Preliminary report to Wildlife Conservation International and the World Wildlife Fund.
Papers Stromayer, K. and Ekobo, A. (1992) The distribution and number of forest-dwelling elephants in extreme south-eastern Cameroon. Pachyderm, 15:9-14.
Reports Ivory Coast, Marahoue, Pan troglodytes verus Struhsaker & Bakarr (1999) A rapid survey of primates and other large mammals in Marahoue National Park, Cote d'Ivoire. Rapid Assessment Programm Report.
Reports Ivory Coast, Marahoue, Pan troglodytes verus Struhsaker, T. (1998) A survey of primates and other mammals in Marahoue National Park, Cote d'Ivoire. Report Conservation International.
Reports Ghana, Pan troglodytes verus Struhsaker, T.T. (1993) Ghana's forests and primates. Report of field trip to Bia and Kakum National Parks and Boabeng-Fiema Monkey Sanctuary in November 1993. Report for Conservation International.
Reports Uganda, Semuliki, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Stubblefield, L.K. (1994) Semuliki (Toro) Game Reserve, Uganda: Preliminary results of the Frontier-Uganda biological assessment. Frontier-Uganda Report No. 1. The Society for Environmental Exploration, U.K.
Papers Sugiyama, Y. & Koman, J. (1979) Social Structure and Dynamics of wild chimpanzees at Bossou, Guinea. Primates, 20 (3) :323-339.
Papers Sugiyama, Y. (1981) Observations on the population dynamics and behaviour of wild chimpanzees at Bossou, Guinea, in 1979-1980. Primates, 22(4): 435-444.
Papers Sugiyama, Y. (1984) Population dynamics of wild chimpanzees at Bossou, Guinea, between 1976-1983. Primates, 25(4):391-400.
Papers Sugiyama, Y. and Soumah, A. (1988) Preliminary survey of the distribution and population of chimpanzees in the Republic of Guinea. Primates, 29(4):569-574.
Reports Takamanda, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla Diehli Sunderland, C.H.T. (2000) Report of reconnaissance mission to the Takamanda Forest Reserve, South West Province, Cameroon. Unpublished, submitted by the Smithsonian Institution´s MAn and Biosphere program to PROFA under ongoing colaboration. PROFA, Mamfe, September 2000.
Reports Takamanda, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla Diehli Sunderland-Goves, J., Sunderland, T.C.H., Comiskey, J.A., Ayeni, J.S.O. And Mdaihli, M.(2003) Takamanda Forest Reserve in Smithonian Institution reports. SI/MAB Biodiversity Program.
Reports Camroon, Forest, Gorilla Sunderland-Groves, J. (2002) Report on the status and distribution of the Cross River gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) population of the Takamanda and Mone Forest Reserves and the Mbulu Forest, Southwest Province, Cameroon. A report to WCS Africa programm
Reports Takamanda, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla Diehli Sunderland-Groves, J., Maisels, F. and Ekinde, A. (2003) Surveys of the cross river gorilla and chimpanzee populations in Takamanda Forest Reserve, Cameroon. Smithsonian Institution MAB Series, 8:129-140.
Papers Sunderland-Groves, J.K., Ekinde, A. and Mboh, H. (2009) Nesting behaviour of Gorilla gorilla diehli at Kagwene Mountain, Cameroon: Implications for assessing group size and density. International Journal Primatology 30:253-266.
Reports Bechati-Fossimondi, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli Sunderland-Groves, J.L. (2004) Preliminary report on gorilla presence in the Bechati/Fossimondi forest, Lebialem Division, Cameroon. Report WCS.
Thesis Cameroon, Takamanda, Gorilla Sunderland-Groves, J.L. (2008) Population, distribution and conservation status of the Cross River Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) in Cameroon. PhD thesis, University of Sussex, England.
Papers Sunderland-Groves, Slayback, D.A., Bessike Balinga, M.P. and Sunderland, T.C.H. (2011) Impacts of co-management on western chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) habitat and conservation in Nialama Classified Forest, Republic of Guinea: a satallite prospective. Biodiversity Conservation, 20: 2745-2757.
Book Democratic Republic Congo, Pan paniscus Susman, R.L. (1984) Pigmy Chimpanzee: Evolutionary Biology and Behaviour. New York: Plenum Press
Papers Susman, R.L. , Badrian, N.L., Badrian, A.J. & Handler, N.T. (1985) Positional behaviour and feeding ecology of the pigmy chimpanzee (Pan paniscus): first year results of the Lomako Forest Pigmy Chimpanzee Project. National Geographic Society Research Report, 20, 725-39.
Reports Congo, Ndoki Forest Reserve, Pan troglodytes troglodytes Suzuki, A. (1993) Preliminary results of the studies on tschego chimpanzees (Pan t. troglodytes) in the Ndoki forest, Congo. 1990-1993. A grant under the Monbusho International Scientific Research Report, pp. 19-24.
Papers Suzuki, A.(1969) An ecological study of chimpanzees in a savanna woodland of western Tanzania.Primates, 10: 103-148.
Papers Central chimpanzee, Established transects, Marked nest count surveys, Nesting, Transect reuse, Western lowland gorilla Tagg N, Willie J (2013) The influence of transect use by local people and reuse of transects for repeated surveys on nesting in western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and central chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes troglodyte s) in southeast Cameroon. Int J Primatol 54:554–570. doi:10.1007/s10764-013-9681-0
Action_Plans Projet Grands Singes (PGS), Dja Biosphere Reserve (DBR),effectiveness of conservation, Cameroon Tagg, N., Petre, C.-A., & Willie, J. (2011) Evaluating the effectiveness of a 10-year old great ape conservation project in Cameroon. Pan Africa News, 18(2): 20–23.
Papers Takenoshita, Y., Yamagiwa, J. (2008) Estimating gorilla abundance dung count in the northern part of Moukalaba-Doudou National Park, Gabon. African Study Monogaphs, Suppl. 39: 41-54.
Reports Sierra Leone, Pan troglodytes verus Teleki, G. (1980) Hunting and trapping wildlife in Sierra Leone. Aspects of exploitation and exploration. World Wildlife Found, Washington, DC, USA
Reports Sierra Leone, Pan troglodytes verus Teleki, G. (1985) A brief chronology of nature conservation in Sierra Leone (1900-1985).
Reports Takamanda, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla Diehli Thomas, D. (1988) Status and conservation of Takamanda gorillas (Cameroon) Final report, WWF-1613.WWF-USA
Papers Thomas, S. (1991) Population densities and patterns of habitat use among anthropoid primates of the Ituri Forest, Zaire. Biotropica, 23(1):68-83.
Proceedings Cameroon, Takamanda, Worlshop Thomas, W.D. (1988) Status and conservation of Takamanda Gorillas, Cameroon. Final report, WWF-1613. WWF-USA. In Proceedings on the International Workshop and conference on the conservation of the Cross River Gorillas, Calabar, Nigeria 2001.
Action_Plans Action Plan, Pan paniscus Thompson-Handler, N., Malenky, R.K. and Reinartz, G.E. (2005) Action plan for Pan paniscus: report on free-ranging populations and proposals for tgheir preservation. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Zoological Society of Milwaukee County, 1995.
Thesis Democratic Republic of Congo, Lomako, Pan paniscus Thompson-handler, N.E. (1990) The pygmy chimpanzee: sociosexual behaviour, reproductive biology and life history patterns. PhD Thesis. Yale University.
Reports Tai NP, Biomonitoring, mammals, Chimpanzee Tiédoué M. R. Normand E., Diarrassouba A., Tondossama A. et Boesch C., 2015 - Etat de conservation du Parc National de Taï : Rapport de suivi-écologique - phase 10 (novembre 2014- mai 2015)-, Rapport OIPR/WCF, Soubré, Côte d’Ivoire, 38 pages.
Papers Torres, J., Brito, J.C., Vasconcelos, M.J., Catarino, L., Goncalves, J. and Honrado J. (2010) Ensemble models of habitat suitability relate chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) conservation to forest and landscape dynamics in Western Africa. Biological Conservation 143: 416-425.
Papers African great apes,evidence-based conservation, extinction risk,law enforcement, nongovernmental organizations, research, resource management areas, tourism Tranquilli, S., Abedi-Lartey, M., Amsini, F., Arranz, L., Asamoah, A., Babafemi, O., Barakabuye, N., Campbell, G., Chancellor, R., Davenport, T. R.B., Dunn, A., Dupain, J., Ellis, C., Etoga, G., Furuichi, T., Gatti, S., Ghiurghi, A., Greengrass, E., Hashimoto, C., Hart, J., Herbinger, I., Hicks, T. C., Holbech, L. H., Huijbregts, B., Imong, I., Kumpel, N., Maisels, F., Marshall, P., Nixon, S., Normand, E., Nziguyimpa, L., Nzooh-Dogmo, Z., Tiku Okon, D., Plumptre, A., Rundus, A., Sunderland-Groves, J., Todd, A., Warren, Y., Mundry, R., Boesch, C. and Kuehl, H. (2012), Lack of conservation effort rapidly increases African great ape extinction risk. Conservation Letters, 5: 48–55. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-263X.2011.00211.x
Papers western lowland gorilla, chimpanzee, census, Gabon,habitat-types, geographical distribution, conservation, tropical forest,human impact, Pan troglodytes, gorilla gorilla Tutin, C. and Fernandez, M. (1984) Nationwide census of gorilla (Gorilla g. gorilla) and chimpanzee (Pan t. troglodytes) populations in Gabon. American Journal of Primatology, 6:313-336.
Papers Tutin, C., Fernandez, M., Rogers, M., Williamson, E. And McGrew, W. (1991) Foraging profiles of sympatric lowland gorillas and chimpanzees in the Lope reserve, Gabon. Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences 334:179-186.
Papers Tutin, C., Parnell, R., White, L. and Fernandez, M. (1995) Nest building by lowland gorillas in the Lope Reserve, Gabon: Environmental influences and implications for censusing. International Journal of Primatology, 16(1):53-76.
Action_Plans Action Plan, Western Africa, Great Apes Tutin, C., Stokes, E., Boesch, C., Morgan, D., Sanz, C., Reed, T., Blom, A., Walsh, P., Blake, S., Kormos, R. (2005) Regional Action Plan for the Conservation of Chimpanzees and Gorillas in Western Equatorial Africa. IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group and Conservation International, Washington D.C.
Papers Tutin, C.E.G., McGrew, W.C. And Baldwin, P.J. (1983) Social organization of Savanna-dwelling Chimpanzee, Pan troglodytes verus, at Mt. Assirik, Senegal. Primates, 24(2): 154-173.
Papers chimpanzee, Liberia, Pan troglodytes verus, hunting, line transect, nationwide survey, mammal diversity, IUCN SSC A.P.E.S. database Tweh, C. G., Lormie, M. M., Kouakou, C. Y., Hillers, A., Kühl, H. S., & Junker, J. (2014). Conservation status of chimpanzees Pan troglodytes verus and other large mammals in Liberia: a nationwide survey. Oryx, 1-9.
Reports Guinea Bissau, Cantanhez Forest, Pan troglodytes verus UICN/BRAO (2007) Evalutation de l´efficacite de la gestion des aires proteges: parc de Guinee Bissau. Report UICN/BRAO.
Reports Sudan, Lantoto National Park, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii UNEP (2006) Wildlife and Protected Area Management. Sudan. Report UNEP.
Reports Sudan, Aloma Plateau, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii USAID (2007) Southern Sudan, Environmental Threats and Opportinities Assessment. Report USAID.
Reports Nigeria, Mbe mountain, Great apes USAID-NIGERIA (2007) Sustainable practices in agriculture for critical environments. Gorilla monitoring in the Mbe mountains. Report USAID-Nigeria.
Book Uganda, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii UWA (2002) Uganda forestry Nature Conservation Master Plan. Forest Department.
Papers Uehara, S. (2003) Population densities of diurnal mammals sympatric with the chimpanzees of the Mahale mountains, Tanzania: Comparison between the census data of 1996 and 2000. African Study Monographs, 24 (3): 169-179.
Reports Cameroon, Forest reserve, Great apes Usongo, L. (1995) Biological and soci-economic survey of Rumpi and Nta-Ali Reserves. Report to the Korup Project.
Reports Cameroon, Korup, Pan troglodytes vellerosus Usongo, L. (1997) Zoological inventory of Korup National Park, Cameroon. Report WWF, EU.
Papers Usongo, L. (1998) Conservation status of primates in the proposed Lobeke Forest Reserve, south-east Cameroon. Primate Conservation, 18:66-68.
Papers Usongo, L. And Fimbl, C. (1995) Preliminary survey of arboreal primates in Lobeke Forest Reserve, southeast Cameroon. African Primates, 1 (2), 46-48.
Thesis Rwanda, Nyungwe, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii Uwimana, U. (2011) Role of buffer zone on Nyungwe National Park protection. Diploma thesis, National University of Rwanda
Reports Rwanda, Nyungwe National Park, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii Vedder, A. (1988) Nyungwe Forest Conservation projet: final report. NYZS, New York.
Reports Democratic Republic of Congo, Kahuzi-Biega, Gorilla gorilla graueri Vedder, A. (1996) Project inventaire des gorilles et d'autres grands mammiferes de l'est du Zaire: secteur original du Parc National de Kahuzi-Biega. Report Institut Zairos pour la Conservation de la nature/WCS.
Reports Democratic Republic of Congo, Virunga, Gorilla gorilla beringei Vedder, A. and Aveling, C. (1986) Virunga mountain Gorilla census. Coordinator's Report, Wildlife Conservation Society.
Reports Eastern chimpanzee,Okapi, Line transects Vosper, A., Masselink, J. and Maisels, F. (2013) WCS RFO Program: Great ape & human impact monitoring in Okapi Faunal Reserve, Democratic Republic of Congo. Final report to USFWS-GACF Agreement 96200–0-G100. Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS).
Reports Bafing River, Bafing area, Western chimpanzees, Biomonitoring. WCF .2014. STUDY OF A KEY AREA FOR THE PRESERVATION OF CHIMPANZEE IN WEST AFRICA:PRELIMINARY INVENTORY ALONG THE BAFING RIVER, REPUBLIC OF GUINEA
Reports Nigeria, Mbe mountain, Great apes WCS (2005) WCS Progress Report. Gorilla monitoring in the Mbe mountains February 2005-June 2005. Report NCF-WCS Biodiversity Research Programme, Calabar.
Reports Afi Mountain, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli WCS (2006a) Afi mountain wildlife sanctuary. Gorilla reconnaissance survey. March 2006. Report WCS.
Reports Democratic Republic of Congo, Itombwe, Great apes WCS (2006b) Development of Community-Based Conservation of Gorillas and Chimpanzees in the Itombwe Massif, Democratic republic of Congo (DRC) Report WCS.
Reports Democratic Republic of Congo, Salonga, Pan paniscus WCS (2006c) WCS biodiversity survey in the Salonga National Park 2003-2006. Faunal distribution and abundance and impact of hunting. A summary of major findings and reccomandations. IMU WCS - DRC program report
Reports Nigeria, Pan troglodytes vellerosus, Gorilla gorilla diehli WCS (2006d) Results of the Mbe gorilla surveys Dec05-Aug06. Report WCS.
Reports Nigeria, Cross River Okwangwo Division, Great apes WCS-NCF (2006) April and May 2006 monthly reports on cross river gorilla survey and monitoring activitis in Cross River National Park. Report WCS-NCF.
Reports Cameroon, Mengame, Great apes WWF (2006) Evaluation des potentialites fauniques du Sanctuarie a Gorilles de Mengame. Mars 2006. Report WWF.
Reports Cameoon, Proposed protected areas, Pan troglodytes WWF Cameroon coastal forest programme (2003) Large mammals survey in the Mt Nlonako, Makombe and Ebo proposed protected areas. Report WWF.
Reports Liberia, Sapo, Pan troglodytes verus Waitkuwait, W.E. (2002) Report on the first year of operation of a community-based bio-monitoring programme in and around Sapo National Park, Sinoe County, Liberia. FFI,SCL, FRL.
Reports Liberia, Sapo, Pan troglodytes verus Waitkuwait, W.E. , Sambolah, R., Zwuen, S.S. (2003) Report of the rapid Faunal Surveys to assess biological integrity of forest areas of Liberia proposed for the establishment of national parks and nature reserves. FFI, Cambridge and Monrovia, Liberia.
Papers Walsh, P. D., Abernathy K. A., Bermejo, M., Beyers, R., De Wachter, P., Akou, M. E., Huijbregts, B., Mambounga, D. I., Toham, A. K., Kilbourn, A. M., Lahm, S. A., Latour, S., Maisels, F., Mbina, C., Mihindou, Y., Obiang Ndong, S., Effa, E.N., Starkey, M. P., Telfer, P., Thibault, M., Tutin, Caroline, E. G., White, L. J. T. & Wilkie, D. (2003) Catastrophic ape decline in western equatorial Africa. Nature 422 (6932): 611-614.
Papers Waltert, M, Lien, Faber, K. & Muhlenberg, M. (2002) Further declines of threatened primates in the Korup Project Area, south-west Cameroon. Oryx, 36(3) 257-265.
Reports Cameroon, Logging concession, Korup National Park Waltert, M. (1999) Development of Biomonitoring in Concession Areas (MPL and CAFECO) in the Korup Project Area. October 1999. Report Korup National Park, GTZ.
Reports Cameroon, Logging concession, Pan troglodytes Waltert, M. (2000a) Biomonitoring in the Support Zone of Korup National Park, SW Cameroon. Results on primate populations and recommendations after the first phase April 1999 - May 2001. Report to Korup Project and GTZ
Reports Cameroon, Logging concession, Pan troglodytes Waltert, M. (2000b) Biomonitoring in the Support Zone of Korup National Park, SWCameroon_Sept2000. Report GTZ
Reports Cameroon Korup, Pan troglodytes vellerosus Waltert, M. (2001) Results on primate populations and reccomandations after the first phase April 1999-May 2001. Report GTZ.
Papers Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii, population estimate, abundance Wanyama F, Muhabwe R, Plumptre AJ, Chapman CA, Rothman JM. 2010. Censusing large mammals in Kibale National Park: evaluation of the intensity of sampling required to determine change. African Journal of Ecology.
Reports Cameroon, Mbulu, Great apes Warren, Y. & Bila, S.E. (2008) Mbulu Survey. Unpublished report to the Wildlife Conservation Society – Takamanda Mone Landscape project, Limbe, Cameroon.
Reports Cameroon, Mone river, Great apes Warren, Y. & Ekinde, A.. (2007) Large mammal Recce Survey of the Mone Forest Reserve. Report to the Wildlife Conservation Society – Takamanda Mone Landscape Project, Limbe, Cameroon.
Reports Camroon, Cross River, Great apes Warren, Y., Stott, A., Ekinde, A.E., Khumbah, P. And Nicholas, A. (2008) Cross River Gorilla Inter-Population Nuclei distribution survey. Report to WCS and USFWS. Limbe, Cameroon.
Papers Weber, A. and Vedder, A. (1983) Population dynamics of the Virunga gorillas. Biological Conservation, 26:341-366.
Reports Gabon, Minkebe, Great apes White, L. (1990) Report and data on animals seen and density estimates for the WWF Minkebe transect. Report for the WWF Minkebe Transect.
Thesis Gabon, Lope, Great apes White, L. (1992) Vegetation, history and logging disturbance: effects on rain forest mammals in the Lope Reserve, Gabon. PhD Thesis. University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
Papers White, L. (1994) Biomass of rain forest mammals in the Lope Reserve, Gabon. Journal of Animal Ecology, 63(3): 499-512.
Reports Nigeria, Cross River Oban Division, Pan troglodytes vellerosus White, L.J.T. And Reid, J.C. (1988) Survey of Nigerian forest areas to the east of the Cross river adjacent to the Korup National Park in the Camerouns. Final report to the NCF, Lagos.
Papers Whitesides, G., Oates, J., Green, S. and Kluberdanz, R. (1988) Estimating primate densities from transects in a west African rain forest: A comparison of techniques. Journal of Animal Ecology, 57(2):345-367.
Papers Borneo, decline, great ape, orang-utan, Pongo, Sumatra Wich, S.A., Meijaard, E., Marshall, A.J. et al. (2008) Distribution and conservation status of the orang-utan (Pongo spp.) on Borneo and Sumatra: how many remain? Oryx, 42, 329–39.
Thesis Congo, Conkouati Douli, Great apes Wieland, M.L. (2008) Wildlife conservation in social, economic and ecological contexts. Multiple stakeholders and extraordinary resource value in a Conglolese National Park. PhD thesis, University of Minnesota.
Reports Line transect survey, Chimpanzees, Gorillas, Elephants Williamson, E.A. and Usongo, L. (1995) I. Survey of primate populations and large mammal inventory; II. Survey of elephants, gorillas and chimpanzees. Réserve de Faune du Dja, Cameroun. Groupement Agreco CTFT.
Reports Democratic Republic Congo, Bangassou Williamson, L, Bayogo, R., Guimiyessi, G., Ouangbao, P., Saboundou, A., Blake, S. & Maisels, F. (2004) Survey of elephants Bangassou, Central African Republic: conservation status & Human impacts. May-June 2004. Report WCS/MIKE
Reports Democratic Republic Congo, Bangassou Williamson, L. & Maisels, F. (2003) Conservation Status, Large mammals and human impact. December 2003. Report WCS/MIKE
Papers Williamson, L. and Usongo, L. (1996) Survey of gorillas Gorilla gorilla and chimpanzees Pan troglodytes in the Réserve de Faune du Dja, Cameroun. African Primates, 2(2):67-72.
Papers Dja Reserve, Forest herb density, Marantaceae, Terrestrial herbaceous vegetation,Western lowland gorilla,Zingiberaceae Willie, J., Petre, C.-A., Tagg, N. and Lens, L. (2013), Density of herbaceous plants and distribution of western gorillas in different habitat types in south-east Cameroon. African Journal of Ecology, 51: 111–121. doi: 10.1111/aje.12014
Papers Chimpanzees, Jane Goodall, Long term data, Database Wilson M.L. (2012)Long-Term Studies of the Chimpanzees of Gombe National Park, Tanzania. In Kappeler, P.M. and Watts, D.P. (eds.),Long-Term Field Studies of Primates,DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-22514-7_16, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012
Reports Democratic Republic Congo, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiii, Gorilla gorilla graueri Wilson, J.R. and Catsis, M. (1990) A Preliminary survey of the forests om the Itombwe mountains and the Kahuzi Biega National Park extension, east Zaire, July-September 1989. Unpubl. Report to WWF/FFPS/IZCN, Project 3902, Kinshasa.
Thesis Cameroon, Nesting behaviour, Gorilla Wiseman, R.A. (2008) How does environment affect the nest site preferences of the Cross River gorilla in the Kagwene Gorilla Sanctuary, Cameroon. MSc Thesis, Department of primatology, Roehampton University, England.
Reports Guinea, Classified forest, Pan troglodytes verus Wright, H.E., McCullough, J. and Diallo, M.S. (2006) A Rapid Biological Assessment of the Boké Préfecture, Northwestern Guinea. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 41. Conservation International, Washington, DC.
Thesis Gabon, Survey, Pan troglodytes troglodytes Wrogemann, D. (1992) Wild Chimpanzees in Lope, Gabon: Census Method and Habitat Use. Phd Thesis: Bremen University, Germany.
Papers Yamagiwa, J. (1983) Diachronic changes in two eastern lowland gorilla groups (Gorilla gorilla graueri) in the Mt Kahuzi region, Zaire. Primates, 24, 174-183.
Papers Yamagiwa, J. (2001) Factors influencing the formation of ground nests by eastern lowland gorillas in Kahuzi-Biega National Park: some evolutionary implications of nesting behavior. Journal of Human Evolution, 40:99-109.
Papers Yamagiwa, J., Angoue-Ovono, S. and Kasisi, R. (1995) Densities of apes food trees and primates in the Petit Loango Reserve, Gabon. African Study Monographs, 16(4):181-193.
Papers Yamagiwa, J., Mwanza, N., Spangenberg, A., Maruhashi, T., Yumoto, T. Fisher, A., and Steinhauer-Burkart, B. (1993) A census of the eastern lowland gorillas Gorilla gorilla graueri in Kahuzi-Biega National Park with reference to mountain gorillas G. g. beringei in the Virunga Region, Zaire. Biological Conservation, 64, 83-89.
Papers Yamagiwa, J., Mwanza, N., Spangenberg, A., Maruhashi, T., Yumoto, T., Fischer, A., Steinhauer-Burkart, B. and Refisch, J. (1992) Population density and ranging patterns of chimpanzees in Kahuzi-Biega National Park, Zaire: a comparison with a sympatric population of gorillas. African Study Monographs, 13(4):217-230.
Papers Yamagiwa, J., Mwanza, N., Yumoto, T. and Maruhashi, T. (1994) Seasonal change in the composition of the diet of eastern lowland gorillas. Primates, 35(1): 1-14.
Book Grauer's gorillas, chimpanzees, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kahuzi-Biega National Park Yamagiwa,J., Kanyunyi, Basabose, A.K., Kahekwa,J. Bikaba,D. Chieko Ando, Matsubara,M., Iwasaki,N. and Sprague D.S.(2012)Long-Term Research on Grauer’s Gorillas in Kahuzi-Biega National Park, DRC: Life History, Foraging Strategies, and Ecological Differentiation from Sympatric Chimpanzees. In P.M. Kappeler and D.P. Watts (eds.), Long-Term Field Studies of Primates,DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-22514-7_17. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012
Papers Zamma, K., Inoue, E., Mwani, M., Haluna, B., Athumani, S. And Huseni S. (2004) On the chimpanzees of Kakungu, Karobwa and Ntakata. Pan Africa news ol 11, no 1, June 2004.
Papers Ziegler, S., Nikolaus, G. and Hutterer, R. (2002) High mammalian diversity in the newly established National Park of Upper Niger, Republic of Guinea. Oryx, Vol.36(1): 73-80.
Thesis Cameroon, Gorilla Zongang Ngongang, A.A.(2003) Quelques aspects de l´ecologie du gorille (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) dans la peripherie nord de la reserve de faune du Dja (Cas de la foet des villages Malen V, Doumo-Pierre et Minpala. Diploma study. Universite de Dschang, Faculte d´agronomie et de sciences agricoles.
Reports Guinea, Pan troglodytes verus de Bournonville, D. (1967) Le chimpanze en Republique de Guinee. Bulletin de l´Intitut Fondamental d´Afrique Noie, 29A, 1188-1269. Unpublished report.
Reports Democratic Republic of Congo, Virunga, Gorilla gorilla beringei de Witte, Z.G.F. (1938) Exploration du Parc National Albert: mammiferes. Istitut des Parcs Nationaux du Congo Belge, Bruxelles. 261p ciited in The biodiversity of Albertine Rift. Technical Report no 3. eds Plumptre, A.J., Behangana, M., Davenport, T.R.B., Kahindo, C., Kityo, R., Ndomba, E., Nkuutu, D., Owiunji, I., Ssegawa, P., Eilu, G.
Papers van Krunkelsven, E. (2001) Density estimation of bonobos (Pan paniscus) in Salonga National Park, Congo. Biological Conservation, 99:387-391.
Papers van Krunkelsven, Inogwabini B. and Draulans D. (2000) A survey of bonobos and other large mammals in the Salonga National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo. Oryx, 34(3), 180-187.