- law enforcement (pet trade, hunting, habitat, sanctuary)
- environmental education / public relation
- REDD / REDD+
- Protected areas
- Action planning
- Capacity building
- Poverty reduction / economical development
- Release / reintroduction to the wild
- Mitigating impact of resource extraction
- Health programs
Great ape range coincides with some of the poorest countries of the world. The threat that the rural poor can pose to great apes and their habitat is explained in the threat section. The risks and consequences of disease transmission between humans and apes are predicted to increase as human populations and their activities continue to increase, and wild ape populations become increasingly fragmented, reduced and stressed (Butynski, 2001). These risks are exacerbated by a heavy dependence on natural resources and inadequate poor social and health care amenities. Linking the conservation of biodiversity directly to human well-being is a relatively new concept but this emerging approach offers opportunities to reduce poverty, increase support for conservation and at the same time reduce the risks to wild great apes.
At the same time there are a number of sites where tourists can view great apes putting them in close proximity, and sometimes in direct contact. Furthermore large numbers of staff (and researchers) support tourism sites and the management of protected areas (and other great ape habitat). The presence of all these different groups of people poses a potential serious risk to great apes.
How does health programmes help ape conservation?
Are there also negative aspects of health programmes?
How is it implemented / applied in practice?
Compiled and edited 2011 by Kay H. Farmer
Reviewed by Hjalmar Kuehl, Josephine Head and Neba Funwi-Gabga