- law enforcement (pet trade, hunting, habitat, sanctuary)
- environmental education / public relation
- REDD / REDD+
- Protected areas
- Action planning
- Capacity building
- Poverty reduction / economical development
- Release / reintroduction to the wild
- Mitigating impact of resource extraction
- Health programs
In the Congo Basin, home to chimpanzee, gorilla and bonobo, only 10-15% of the forests are legally protected as national parks or reserves (van Kreveld & Roerhorst, 2010). The figure for Southeast Asia, habitat of the orangutan, is about 20%. In both regions a higher percentage of forest is found in logging concessions. More than 50% of the range of chimpanzees and gorillas in Western Equatorial Africa is allocated to logging concessions, which is more than double the area of their range encompassed by protected areas. Indeed, 36% of the total area of the exceptional priority ape conservation areas is within logging concessions (Morgan & Sanz, 2007). Although protected areas continue to play a key role in protecting apes, the importance of logging concessions, and engaging with extractive industry to mitigate the impact of resource extraction, is attracting increasing attention.
How can mitigating impact of resource extraction support ape conservation?
How is mitigating impact of resource extraction implemented/applied in practice?
Are there also negative aspects/challenges of mitigating impact of resource extraction?
Compiled and edited 2011 by Kay H. Farmer
Reviewed by Hjalmar Kuehl, Josephine Head and Neba Funwi-Gabga