- law enforcement (pet trade, hunting, habitat, sanctuary)
- environmental education / public relation
- REDD / REDD+
- Protected areas
- Action planning
- Capacity building
- Poverty reduction / economical development
- Release / reintroduction to the wild
- Mitigating impact of resource extraction
- Health programs
What is logging?
Logging refers to the felling, skidding (where logs are chained to a machine and dragged along the ground to a spot where it is loaded onto a truck), on-site processing, and loading of trees or logs onto trucks. Logging is generally categorized into two categories: selective and clear-cutting. Selective logging is selective because only highly valued trees and wood, such as mahogany, are extracted. Clear-cutting is not selective and all trees are cut down, thus clearing the forest, and hence the name clear-cutting. Illegal logging refers to timber theft. It can include the harvest, transportation, purchase or sale of timber in violation of laws. The harvesting procedure itself may be illegal, including using corrupt means to gain access to forests; extraction without permission or from a protected area; the cutting of protected species; or the extraction of timber in excess of an agreed limit. Illegal logging generally targets a large number of tree species similar to clear-cutting.
Logging occurs for many economical reasons, such as: agriculture (planting crops), cattle-ranching, mining, oil and gas extraction, development, and subsistence-farming. The logs, or wood, are also sold and used to make homes, furniture, paper, pencils, wood-chips for packaging products, fuel for cooking and providing heat for homes, etc.
How important is this threat compared to others?
Why is it a threat to great apes?
Is logging dangerous for all species in the same way?
Compiled and edited 2011 by Kay H. Farmer
Reviewed by Hjalmar Kuehl, Josephine Head and Neba Funwi-Gabga