- law enforcement (pet trade, hunting, habitat, sanctuary)
- environmental education / public relation
- REDD / REDD+
- Protected areas
- Action planning
- Capacity building
- Poverty reduction / economical development
- Release / reintroduction to the wild
- Mitigating impact of resource extraction
- Health programs
What is poaching?
Poaching is the illegal hunting, killing or capturing of animals contrary to national and international conservation and wildlife management laws and regulations. Poaching can include any of five factors: time, location, number, method or species. For example, hunting without a license or permit, use of a prohibited weapon or trap, hunting outside of the designated time of day or year, hunting of a prohibited sex or life stage, or hunting in protected areas such as national parks. Wildlife species that may be legally hunted are defined and regulated through special open seasons. In the case of great apes that are protected both nationally and internationally, all hunting and trading is illegal and considered poaching. Apes are poached for food (bushmeat) and for the pet trade, and body parts are used for traditional practices and medicine.
A distinction is made between subsistence and commerical poaching. Subsistence poaching is hunting and gathering for the sole purpose of providing for yourself and your family, in other words hunting for survival. Commercial hunting is hunting for profit with the sole purpose of economic and/or material gain.
How important is this threat compared to others?
Why is it a threat to great apes?
Is poaching dangerous for all species in the same way?
Compiled and edited 2011 by Kay H. Farmer
Reviewed by Hjalmar Kuehl, Josephine Head and Neba Funwi-Gabga